A Doll’s House

The play “”by Henrik Ibsen is one of the most popular plays from the 19thcentury. The three acts play was premiered in 1879 in Copenhagen inthe famous Royal Theatre. The main theme of the play is the marriagenorms and values in the 19thcentury where the main actor in the play, Nora (Siddall, 2008). Thispaper is a critical analysis of the play “”(thesis of the paper).

Act one starts on a Christmasday where Nora Helmer is being accused by her husband Torvald Helmerfor spending a lot of money on buying gifts, mainly ornaments forChristmas. Although they have had a difficult economic time thatyear, Torvald works in a bank and is expecting a promotion. Shortlyafter, two friends of Nora enter the house. The friends, Kristine whois seeking a job and Dr. Rank a family friend are engaged in aconversation with Nora on how difficult the year has beenfinancially. However, a disagreement emerged between Nora andKristine emerges. Like Kristine, Krogstad who also works at the bankvisits the house and want Nora to assist him since Torvald want tofire him. He also threatens to blackmail Nora by exposing that heforged signatures to obtain a loan. To avoid being exposed to herhusband, Nora agrees to assists both Kristine and Krogstad. AlthoughKristine gets the job, Torvald is not convinced in Krogstad case(Ibsen, 1994).

In the second act, Nora triedto plea with her husband to reinstate Krogstad in the bank to avoidhim publishing malicious articles which are likely to ruin hisreputation and career. Torvald dismisses the likelihood of blackmail.Later Dr. Rank reveals to Nora that he is dying of tuberculosis ofthe spine and that he has been in love with her. Nora responds bystating that she only loved him as a family friend. Krogstad stormsinto Nora’s house furious that he has been fired. He tells Norathat he has already written a letter to her husband explaining howshe forged her father’s signature to obtain a loan. When Nora tellsKristine about it, she learns that Kristine and Krogstad are lovers.When her husband arrives home, Nora tries to distract him fromopening his mailbox (Ibsen, 1994).

Act three starts in a party.When Kristine and Krogstad are alone on the stage, Kristine revelsthat she married her husband and no t him because of financialproblems. Despite attempts to distract him, Torvald finally gets theletter from Krogstad. When he confronted Nora, there is no doubt thathe is in the powers of Krogstad the only option is to accept hisdemands. Later, another later which returns incriminating bond fromKrogstad arrives which relieves the couples. Despite Torvaldforgiving Nora, she decides to leave her husband to protect hisreputation (Ibsen, 1994).

In the 19thcentury, women were oppressed and treated unequally in the maledominated society. This was the central issue where a woman in afamily was treated as a child by her own husbabd. However, the womanleaving his family, husband and children in attempt to discoverherself was unexpected. Although the play underlines the need toliberate women, who were mistreated in families, the decision toleave ones family in pursuit for womanhood is not a solution to theproblem. The play highlighted the challenges faced by women in the19thcentury families, although it would be wrong to argue that womenrights were a theme in the play (Siddall, 2008).


Ibsen, H. (1994). (transMcLeish). A Doll`sHouse, Nick HernBooks, London.

Siddall, S. H. (2008). HenrikIbsen: A Doll`s House,Humanities-Ebooks.