Bornon February 12, 1809 and died on April 15, 1865, remains one of the greatest presidents to have ruled America (Paulpara. 1). Lincoln, the 16thpresident, led America through the “Civil War and helped thecountry during political crises, slavery, and constitutional crises.He was born in Hardin province, Kentucky to Nancy Hanks Lincoln andThomas Lincoln. In 1817, the Lincolns were forced to relocate toPerry Country, in Indiana because of land conflict (Paul para. 1). was a self-made lawyer, a charismatic leader, and hewas the 16thpresident of America. Therefore, it is imperative to understand theprofile of Lincoln with an intention of understanding the history ofAmerica. In this regards, the profile of Lincoln will help providesome significant timeline in his life that helped shape America. Thediscourse proffers a small profile of the political life of AbrahamLincoln before he became the American president and as a president.
In1830, when was 21 years, his family relocated to atown current known as Decatur in Illinois. There, Abraham worked asan employee on flatboats and farms, as well as a clerk in a storelocated in New Salem while working there he turned out to be verypopular(Burlingame 100).In 1832, he decided to contest for a post through Whig Party in theHouse of Representatives, Illinois, but he did not win. Despite thefact, that Abraham lost more elections seat than he ever succeeded,he never gave up, and he continued to show great persistence as wellas great determination to overcome the obstacles that pulled himdown. After he had lost the election, he was appointed to be apostmaster in New Salem. In 1834, Lincoln contested again for a stateoffice post, and he won. In addition, he served in the StateLegislature of Illinois from 1834 to 1842 and in the House ofRepresentatives of America from 1847 to 1849. marriedMary Todd in 1842 when he was working as a legislator in Illinois. Inaddition, Lincoln had studied law and on completion, he became alicensed attorney(Paul para. 2).As a practicing attorney, he showed great support to the WilmotProviso that advocated the abolition of the slave trade in Americabetween 1846 and 1848. Lincoln’s interest in politics wasrevitalized in 1854 the Congress Party passed Kansas-Nebraska Act,which abolished the difference between the slave and Free states. In1858, Lincoln Challenged Douglas, who defended the passed bill for aSenate seat, but he lost. Later, Lincoln moved from Congress toRepublican Party and because of his strong position on the subject ofservitude he was selected for presidency.
Lincoln’scabinet was very troubled especially by internal hatred. After beingsworn in Lincoln faced a challenge of losing a region of the country,and he called for almost 75,000 soldiers to fight the Southern peoplewho were rebelling. However, Arkansas, Tennessee, and Virginiarefused to fight the Southerner, claiming that Lincoln hadoverreacted, and he could not authorize the war because the CongressParty was not back in session(Chandler para. 2).Despite the fact that Lincoln knew very little in terms of militaryaffairs, he self-educated himself on issues concerning war. AsPresident Lincoln infringed some constitutional rights, such asshutting down all newspapers centers that opposed the war. In 1864,he was reelected as the president in 1864, and he led major wars suchas “Battle of Antietam,” and “Battle of Gettysburg,” amongothers. The Civil War ended in 1865, and when he went with his wifeto Ford’s Theater on April 14 to watch a comedy known as OurAmerican Cousin he was assassinated by a staunch Confederatesympathizer and an actor called John Wilkes.
Apartfrom the Southerners who saw him as a dictator and a tyrant, otherpeople viewed him as a savior of the great Union and as a greatEmancipator. In addition, his core role as a president was to restorethe United States to being a single nation, and his secondary goalwas to end slavery.
Burlingame,Michael. AbrahamLincoln: A Life.Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012. Internet resource.
ChandlerS. Lighty. Lincoln and the Election of 1860/ Abraham and MaryLincoln. 2/3, Summer 2012. Questia.Web. 12 Mar. 2015
PaulD. Escott. and White America. December 2013. Questia.Web. 12 Mar. 2015.