Against capital punishment

AGAINST CAPITAL PUNISHMENT 5

Againstcapital punishment

Nameof student

Nameof professor

Capitalpunishmentis in full swingin manypartsof theworld.In somecountries,itis a contentiousissuewhile,in others, ithappenswithout a lot hitchesfrom thepublic.Thelegalpunishmentgivento offenders of differentcrimesby wayof takingtheir liveselicitsvariousfeelingsfrom thepublicandsometimesfrom civilmovements.Civil movements especially the ones inclined to religion are totallyagainst this form of punishment. Takinghumanlifeas a wayof punishingthem is sociallyunacceptable. Everyindividualhas a rightto life.Theinstitutionthat givestheprovisionsfortherightto lifein theConstitution should not in thefrontlineto takethesamelifetheyprotect.Deathpenaltyis an irrevocableformof punishment.Ifashred of evidencecomesup thattheguiltypersondidnot committheallegedcrimes,their lifecannot geta restoration.Thetakingof aperson’slifeis morallydegradinganda threatto thevalueof humandignity(Ehrlich, 1973). Thepracticeof killingpeopleforcrimestheyhavecommittedshould getscrappedforvariousreasons.

First,everyindividualhas a rightto life.Theprovisionforthisclauseis in theConstitution of almosteverycountry.Federal laws as well as national laws protect the lives of thecitizens. Any intention that aims to contravene this right iscondemned. Internationaltreatiesandhumanwatchbodiestakethisprovisionwith a lotof seriousness.Althoughan individualcan takethelifeof another,he/sheshould not be subjectedto thesamecause.Theinstitutionsthat supportthisbasichumanrighton one endshould not takeitway on theotherend.Capitalpunishmentdeniesonetherightto live.Itis evenironical fora stateto campaignfortherightsof its citizensandthenparticipatein bringingthecitizensdown.Themainintentionof punishmentis to correctthewrongsdoneby individualsandmakethem feelremorsefulfortheir deeds.Whenone facesexecution,theyare denieda chanceto be corrected.By erasingthem from thefaceof theearth,thejusticesystemsomehowover-goes its intendedmandate(Ehrlich, 1973). Whena personis foundguiltyof stealing,thestatedoesnot takehis orher property.Whythendothecourtsupholdpeople’slivesto be takenin returnforthosethat theytake?

Secondly,capitalpunishmentis irrevocable.There are manycasesin thejudicialsystemthat geta recall after furtherevidenceshowsthatan individualwasnot guiltyof thecrimestheyallegedlycommitted.In normalsituations,thevictimsare setfree.Howeverin capitalpunishment,eveniftheevidencegetspresentedafter theterminationof a case,theconvictedindividualcannot be broughtbackto life.Forthisreason,capitalpunishmentappearsto theendof everything, evenjusticefortheconvict.Thepeoplefoundguiltyof seriouscrimeslike murder,treason,drugdealing among othercrimesshould movethepublicworldfortheir entirelife.Through this,theywill learntheir lessonthebestway.After thedeath,there is noevidencethatone feelssorryforthecrimeshecommittedwhenhe/shewasalive(Ehrlich,1973).

Thesupportersof thisformof punishmentfeelthatindividualsare awareof therepercussionsof their actionsevenbefore theycarrythem out. Before theygoagainst thelaw,there is a possibilitythattheyevaluatethepossibleconsequencesof their actions.Theyare awarethatiftheyengagein treason,murder,drugtrafficking among othercrimes,thepunishmentis a possibledeath.Thesupportersfeelthatupon theimplementation of suchactions,thevictimswhoare foundguiltyshould not receiveanymercy.During legalproceedings,an individualis foundguiltywhenthelawfindsout thattheycommittedcrimewith their fullconsentalthoughthelawdoesnot saveindividualsfrom ignorance.Theyalsofeelthat,someof thecrimesthat peoplecommitare verygrave,andtheonlypunishmentequivalentto their gravityis death.Agoodexampleis whenone commitsmurder.Thebestformof punishmentis to subjecttheguiltypersonto thesameexperience.Theyfeelthatthepunishmentwill discourageothers from followingthesamepath.

Inconclusion,theroadto capitalpunishmentis advocatedby manywhileanothergroupof peopleopposesitvehemently. Theabovepointsare a clearindicationthatcapitalpunishmentis not thebestformof punishmentforanyindividualregardlessof thecrimestheyhavecommitted.Theinabilityto revokethepunishmentin casefutureevidencestandsin favorof theconvictedpersonleavesthepunishmentwithout anydefense.Itis alsoironical to seestatesimplementinga lawto protectthelivesof peopleandat thesametimegivinga warrantto takelifeof anothergroupof peoplein thesamesociety.Capitalpunishmentshould, therefore,not getpracticedin anysituation.

References

Ehrlich,I. (1973). Thedeterrent effectof capitalpunishment:A questionof lifeanddeath.Springer: New York.