Annotated bibliography Jury nullification

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY: JURY NULLIFICATION 7

Annotatedbibliography: Jury nullification

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Conrad,C. S. (2013). Jurynullification: The evolution of a doctrine.Cato Washington.

Thesis:Thereis a needto protecttheinterestof American citizensin thelegalinstitutions,andthisis themainpurposeof thejury.There is an increasingtrendwherebythejurorsare conflictingwith thesamelawsthat governthecitizensby findingitoppressivein variouscircumstances.Annotation:Thebookgivesa detailedhistoryof thejurysystemandthevariouschallengesitfaces.Theauthor detailsthe role of thejuryin themodernsocietyandcontrastsitwith thetraditionalsystem.Accordingto thebook,thecurrentsysteminclinesto theinterestof thecommunityandnot necessarilyon thelegalprovisions.Question:Cantheconscienceof a communitybe enoughto grantjusticethrough thejurywhenthere is evidenceof revengeanda communalinjustice?Overview:Thebookdetailsthegrowingconflictbetween thejurorsandthejudgeandrecommendsa solutionto thetug orwar.With theknowledgeof their powers,thejudgestendto withholdsomepowersfrom thejuryin an effortto upholdthelegalprovisions.However,thetwo partiesshould cometo an agreedconclusionto ensurethatboth thedefendantandtheplaintiff getjustice.

Fletcher,J. (January 27, 2014). Thedangers of jury nullification: Disregardingthe law is not something to encourage. ChicagoTribuneRetrieved fromhttp://articles.chicagotribune.com/2014-01-27/opinion/ct-jury-nullification-edit-0127-20140127_1_jury-nullification-law-professor-jurors

Thesis:Manyjurorsare shyof theknowledgethattheyare capableof givingcasesthedirectionsof their choice.Informingthem of thispowerwill be a threatto thedueprocess.

Annotation:thearticlegivestheviewso differentpeopleconcerningthepowersgivento thejury.Theauthorpointsout thepowerof thejuryto nullifya caseandobservesthatthiscan be a threatto thesovereigntyof thelaw.Iftheybecomeawareof this,theycan actagainst penalcodesthat theyconsideras unfairto thepeople.

Question:should thejurybe informedof their prerogative powerto ignorethelawandacquitcriminalsiftheythinkthatthelawis unfair?

Overview:thepowerof thejuryto nullifya caseis not a rightto contravenethelaw.Thejudgesshould not letthispowerbe a treatto theapplicablepenaltiesin their courts.

Knefel,M. (July 7, 2014). Nullification: Jurors’ Secret Weapon AgainstHarsh Sentencing: TheNation.Retrieved fromhttp://www.thenation.com/article/180544/jurors-secret-weapon-against-harsh-sentencing

Thesis:Whendecidingthefateof criminals,thejuryhas therightto considertheweightof thelawagainst criminals.Annotation:Thearticleexaminesvariouscasesof crimein which thecriminalget acquittedwithout facingthefullwrathof thelaw.In thisarticle,thegeneralfeelingof thejurorsas wellas thecommunitychangesthewaya verdictgetsreached.Evenin thepresenceof credibleevidenceagainst a convict,thejurycan nullifythecaseorgivetheconvicta lesserpenaltythan thedeservedone.Question:Is thepowergivent jurorsan avenueto maimthecourts’abilityto passharshjudgments?Overview:thepowerof thejuryto nullifycasesis both a constitutionalpowerandalsofindsa placein theAmerican tradition.Theauthorconcludesthatthejuryprovidesthechecksandbalancesrequiredto maintaina cohesive relationshipbetween thestateandthecommunity.

Krauss,S. D. (1998). An inquiry into the right of criminal juries todetermine the law in colonial America. Journalof Criminal Law and Criminology,111-214.

Thesis:A prejudicialanda maliciousjuryis capableof arrivingat a guiltyverdictfora criminalwhohas beenpreviouslyindictedby thecourt.Itcan happenifthere is ageneral aspectto convincethejurythatthepersonin questionis guilty.

Annotation:This articleshedslighton theroleof theAmerican criminaljuryandits mandateto determinecriminalcases.Theauthorgetsconcernedwith thevariousrulesthat governa juryandobservesthatthejurieshadtherightto decidecriminalcases.

Researchquestion:doesa juryhavetherightto decidethefateof criminalswithout theconsiderationof availablefacts?

Overview:after variousreviews,theauthorprovidesinformationthat thejurysystemin Pennsylvania andthesurroundinglocaleshadtherightto decidecasesifthere wasenoughevidenceto convictpeople.Thejuriesdidnot necessarilyrely on theavailablefactssurroundingthecasebuton theinterestof thecommunity.

ReasonTV. (2013). JuryNullification vs. The Drug War: NJ Weedman on His Unlikely MarijuanaAcquittal. Retrieved fromhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c2iEDhThQ_U

Thesis:Criminals who are of the jury’s power to nullify a case can usethis power to their advantage.

Annotation:The video clip presents a case of a guilty American found inpossession of marijuana. According to the law, there was enoughevidence to convict the criminal. The most astounding thing is thatthe criminal accepts that he was guilty. However, majority of ehAmericans feel that Marijuana should get legalized. On this premise,the jury nullified his case.

Question:Should the power of the jury to nullify cases extend to contradictand disregard available evidence enough to convict acriminal?Overview: this is an explicit example of how the lawand the jury’s decision can clash. Despite prosecutors having allthe required evidence, the jury’s interest lies in the community’sperception of the crime. The situation becomes charged when thecriminal is aware of the jury’s power to overturn their allegecrimes.

Scheflin,A. W., &amp Van Dyke, J. M. (1991). Merciful Juries: The resilienceof jury nullification. Wash.&amp Lee L. Rev.,48,165.

Thesis:Most jurorsdonot havea properacquaintancewith their powers.To unitethejudges,litigantsandthejury,everychosenjuryshould geta clearinformedof its powers.

Annotation:The authoroutlinestheroleof thejuryin anycase.Accordingto thisarticle,thejuryseeksto makethelawa bitaccommodatingto thecommunity.Themajorintentionof thejuryis to presenttheinterestsof thecommunityin thecase.Theauthorrecommendsthedisclosureof thepowersgivento a jurybefore thehearingof anycase.

Researchquestion:Thearticlecontemplateson thisquestion:should thejurybe dulyinformedof its powersduring a hearing?

Overview:Theauthornotesthatmostjurorsare not awareof thepowersbestowedon them by thecourt.They,therefore,failto performtheir taskstotefullestwith thefearof goingoverboard.

Weinberg,S. (2014). Jury Nullification. Retrieved fromhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uqH_Y1TupoQ

Thesis:Thepurposeof determiningcasesis in thehandsof jurors.Their decisionis not dependenton theevidenceprovidedin thecourtbuton thegeneralcircumstancessurroundingthecase.Annotation:Inthisvideo clip, thecharacterfocuseson thecommoncircumstancesthat resultin nullificationof casesby thejury.Herefersto thefuryof beingindependentof punishmentafter nullifyingcases.Their decisionis alsoirrevocableby thecourt.Theauthorbelievesthatthejudgeshave verylittleto dowith thejury’sdecision.Question:Isthejury`spowerto nullifycasestoomuchto denythelawits course?Overview:Thevideo articleoutlinesthatthecourtshaveconfidencein thenon-partisan attitudeof thejurorstowards a caseduring their selection.After theynullifya case,itappearsveryunfairto justicewhenthejudgesfollowthisdecisionwith verylittleto do.Bibliography

Conrad,C. S. (2013). Jurynullification: The evolution of a doctrine.Cato Washington.

Krauss,S. D. (1998). An inquiry into the right of criminal juries todetermine the law in colonial America. Journalof Criminal Law and Criminology,111-214.

ReasonTV. (2013). JuryNullification vs. The Drug War: NJ Weedman on His Unlikely MarijuanaAcquittal. Retrieved fromhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c2iEDhThQ_U

Scheflin,A. W., &amp Van Dyke, J. M. (1991). Merciful Juries: The resilienceof jury nullification. Wash.&amp Lee L. Rev.,48,165.

Weinberg,S. (2014). Jury Nullification. Retrieved fromhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uqH_Y1TupoQ

Fletcher,J. (January 27, 2014). Thedangers of jury nullification: Disregardingthe law is not something to encourage. ChicagoTribuneRetrieved fromhttp://articles.chicagotribune.com/2014-01-27/opinion/ct-jury-nullification-edit-0127-20140127_1_jury-nullification-law-professor-jurors

Knefel,M. (July 7, 2014). Nullification: Jurors’ Secret Weapon AgainstHarsh Sentencing: TheNation.Retrieved fromhttp://www.thenation.com/article/180544/jurors-secret-weapon-against-harsh-sentencing