Associations between Sex, Education, and Abortion Legislations

Associationsbetween Sex, Education, and Abortion Legislations

Abortions,legislations on abortions and abortion attitudes have and continue toadvance prominent debates across the political divide in America.Abortion has been in existence for centuries but its lawfulness hasbecome a prominent point of intense argument and policy making acrossdifferent states in America.1The inability for states or societies to come to a unanimity over therules of abortion stems from the numerous different variables thatinfluence the legality and ethics of abortion. In this regards,education and sex have become fundamental variables to explainingabortion legislations of lack of such legislations. As such, theproposal advances a discourse or study that pursues to comprehend ifand how education and sex determine or influence abortion policiesand legislations.

Statementof the problem

America has seena decreased rate of abortions i.e. 1.21 million abortions in 2008 to984,000 abortions in 2013, but it has higher levels of abortion thanCanada and countries in West Europe except Sweden.2In addition, more than 85% of all abortions are reported in unmarriedwomen.3However, 41 states in America have adopted or ratified abortionlimits at different phases of pregnancy while seven states haverestrictions on abortion and have tried to create trigger laws thatwould make abortion illegal. In this regards, the significance ofeducation and sex comes into play in proffering a structure thatdevelops positive attitudes for abortion.4As suggested, unmarried women practice most abortions thus, the needto have safe procedures and effective legislations that offersolutions. In addition, sex differences and education on abortionswill help to show the level of support for abortion.

Significanceof the study

The study willhelp reveal whether education and sex contributes to increasedknowledge on abortion thus, support for abortion legislations. Inaddition, it will help to show whether education and gendercontribute to an understanding that helps reduce restrictions onabortion and trigger laws. In fact, the study will pursue to findwhether any associations exist between sex, education, and abortionattitudes or legislations. By highlighting previous studies andconstruing the independent variables effectively, the study will makeapparent any conclusive hypotheses.

Dependentand Independent Variables: How to Operationalize

The study willuse abortion legislations or attitudes as the abstract dependentvariable. The study will construe or define abortion legislations orattitudes as consent or disapproval of lawful abortion for whateverreasons. Participants will answer with either ‘yes’ or ‘no’whether they think it is right for a willing woman to obtain lawfulabortion for whatever reasons where ‘no’ will specify disapprovaland ‘yes’ will specify support.

Sex andeducation will act as the independent variables for the study. Sexwill categorize participants as male or female while education willrefer to the level of education achieved i.e. ‘high school,’‘some college,’ ‘degree,’ or ‘higher degree.’ Moststudies have found that educated people tend to support abortion thanuneducated people across the world while a small percentage of men donot support abortion as they fail to consider moral and philosophicalquestions touching on abortion.5Therefore, the need to understand the connection between theindependent variables and abortion.


The study willshow that more women than men support abortion and that people thatare more educated support abortion than less educated people.

H1: There existsa significant correlation between education and abortion attitudes orlegislations

H2: There existsa significant correlation between se difference and abortionattitudes or legislations.


Kulczycki, Andrzej. &quotAbortion and Reproductive Health.&quot&nbspGlobalPopulation and Reproductive Health&nbsp(2014): 171.

Medoff, Marshall H. &quotRestrictive abortion laws, antiabortionattitudes and women’s contraceptive use.&quot&nbspSocialscience research&nbsp41, no. 1 (2012): 160-169.

Siegel, Reva B. &quotDignity and sexuality: Claims on dignity intransnational debates over abortion and same-sexmarriage.&quot&nbspInternational journal of constitutionallaw&nbsp10, no. 2 (2012): 355-379.

1 1. Andrzej Kulczycki. &quotAbortion and Reproductive Health.&quot&nbspGlobal Population and Reproductive Health&nbsp(2014): 171.

2 2. Ibid

3 3. Ibdi

4 4. Reva Siegel. &quotDignity and sexuality: Claims on dignity in transnational debates over abortion and same-sex marriage.&quot&nbspInternational journal of constitutional law&nbsp10, no. 2 (2012): 355-379.

5 5. Marshall Medoff. &quotRestrictive abortion laws, antiabortion attitudes and women’s contraceptive use.&quot&nbspSocial science research&nbsp41, no. 1 (2012): 160-169.