BookReview: “The Communist Manifesto”
Beinga professor in the Harvard University for seven years I leant that aperson is born as a free being and no one has the ultimate autonomyto control the other. As an academician in the 19thcentury, I recommend that people should enrich their education byreflecting on the people of this century who have contributed to oursense of freedom. Literature stands as the main element of passingsuch reflections, educative thoughts and ideologies for the currentand the future societies. "The Communist Manifesto" is theonly piece of literature that combines the brains of two of the mostvocal human beings of the 19thcentury Karl Marx& Friedrich Engels. It is therefore importantto explore the reflections of the book in the perspective of the 19thcentury times and the future.
Fromthe academician point of view, it is imperative to note that Marx andEngels (1848) try to explain the objectives of communism in thispolitical pamphlet. To explore their objective, they discuss therational thoughts that give birth to the ideology of communism. Thetwo philosophers assert that the spirit of dominance of people byothers is the main cause of problems in the society, and should bestopped. According to Marx and Engels (1848), class struggles andexploitation of people by those of higher class are the causes of themajor developments in human history. Therefore, they call for asolution in terms of socialism that will give birth to communism.They further call for people to be vigilant about their rights associal beings and embrace the spirit of socialism.
Asa liberal person of the 19thcentury, this book gives clear insights on why people should shuncapitalists’ ideas and embrace social aspects of life. Marx andEngels (1848) present a strong case for communism by describing thenegative issues of the capitalist society. They assert that theissues relating to communism make the ideology an unstable ideologyand an inappropriate system for the future society. By focusing onthe past, people should get the results of the capitalist societiesand learn from the mistakes of the Western idea of life. Forinstance, the situations of workers in England, Germany and France inearly 19thcentury give insight to the results of the capitalist ideology.
Froman academician point of view, it is important to note that the bookdoes not give a comprehensive discussion of the communist ideology.However, Marx and Engels try to present their arguments by organizingtheir manifesto into four main sections. The first section describesthe theory of history from the communists’ perspective. The sectionfurther explores the important relationship between proletariansand bourgeoisie. Through the understanding, Marxand Engels explore the relationship between the proletariansand communism in the second section. In the third section, the twoauthors present flaws of the socialist literature in the context ofhistory. Marxand Engels further examine the relationship between communism andother parties. Through this organization, Marx and Engels achieve toinfluence the minds of the readers in terms of political insight.
Marchingto the end of the 19thcentury, it is important that people reflect on the evils of the pastand determine the changes they should take. In this case, capitalismshould be a thing of the past and socialism a solution for thefuture. As a professor in one of the best universities in the world,I note that the book “The Communist Manifesto” presents theprinciples behind the ideology of communism. By presenting the faultsof capitalism, Marx and Engels give a strong case for people toembrace communism. The theories and ideologies of the politicalpamphlet make it one of the most influential social-politicalmanuscripts in the world for the current day and for the future.
Marx,K., & Engels, F. (1848). TheCommunist Manifesto. New York:Penguin group, 1998, Print