Border Security Technology

BorderSecurityTechnology

BorderSecurityTechnology

Typesof technologies

Illegalimmigrationis among themajorchallengesthattheU.S. is beingfacedwith.Thisis becauseillegalimmigrationputsthehomelandsecurityat risk.Differenttypesof technologies havebeenappliedinan attemptto controlillegalimmigration.First,theinstallationof cameras andsensors along thebordersis among theoldestandwidelyusedtechnology. Cameras andsensors areplacedin strategiclocations,from wheretheycan capturethephotographsandvideo clips of illegalimmigrants(Manson, 2015). Theadvantageof sensors and cameras include thecheappriceand the ease of installationcomparedto othertypesof technology.

Secondly,theU.S. Visit is an entry-exist systemthat detectsvisaoverstays. Thissystemwasdevelopedto detectillegalimmigrantswhouseforlegalproceduresto getintotheU.S.toavoidbeingdiscoveredat theborder(Koslowski, 2006). Theadvantageof thistechnology is thatitdetectsthevisaoverstay automatically, which is theeasiestof detectinglegalimmigrantswhoturnedout to be illegal.

Thethirdandamong thelatesttechnologies is theuseof dronesorunmanned aerialvehicles.Thisis a pilotless typeof planesthat depend onthecomputer-controlled navigationto monitorborders(Manson, 2015). Someof theadvantagesof usingdronesincludethehighlevel of accuracy,lowriskcomparedto helicopters, andthepossibilityof deployingthem faster.

Borderpatrolpolicyin theU.S

TheU.S. borderpatrolpolicyhas beenlenientformanyyears,buttrendsshowthattheU.S. hasbeen adoptingmorerestrictivepolicies.Forexample,thecurrentpolicyallowstheborderpatrolofficersto applydeadlyforceto preventunauthorizedpersonsfrom gettinginto theU.S. (Ortega, 2014). Theobjectivesof theborderpatrolpolicieshavebeento preventtheentryof terrorists,weapons,andillegaldrugsinto theUnited States. Thesepoliciesandlaws(suchas theSecure Our Border First Act) putmorepressureandresponsibilitiesonindividualborderpatrolofficialsandtheir respectivedepartments.

Costsaccruedto employtechnology

Theinstallationof differenttechnologies requiresvaryingamountsof money.Thecostof cameras andsensor systemdepends on thelengthof theborderthat istargeted.Forexample,thecontractfortheinstallationof cameras along theU.S-Mexican borderwasworth$ 257 million (Manson, 2015). TheU.S. VISITprogramhas alreadycost$ 1.4 billion, anditisestimatedthatitwill costup to $ 7.2-14 billion by thetimeof its completion(Manson, 2015). Asingledronethat designedforborderpatrolcostsan averageof $ 6.5 million (Manson, 2015).

Measuringeffectiveness

Anaccurateformulaforassessingtheeffectivenessof theborderpatrolhas neverbeendeveloped.Thisis becauseallsuggestedmethodshavetheir flaws.Currently, theU.S. governmentsusedthenumberof illegalimmigrantswhogetinto theU.S. in a givenperiod(Marosi &amp Bennett, 2013). However,thismethodhas receivedalotofcritiquesgiventhatitisdifficultto determinethenumberof immigrantswhoare not caughtby theborderpatrolagents.

Differentlawsandregulationsare designedto establishandempoweragenciesthat are expectedto protecttheU.S. borders.Forexample,theImmigration andNationality Act wasestablishedto enhancethecooperationbetween differentstatesin orderto ensurethatimmigrationenforcementisachievedthrough concertedefforts(Budzinnski, 2006). TheImmigration andReform Act initiatedsanctionsforhiringillegalimmigrants,whiletheIllegal Immigration Act enhancedborderenforcementby facilitatingthephoneverificationof suspectedpersons.Thecombinationof theselawssoughtto ensurethatalllawsandpoliciesformedby thegovernmentareenforcedinorderto controlthemenaceof illegalimmigration.In conclusion,theU.S. has useddifferentmeasures(includingthelatesttechnology andlegalreforms)to containtheissueof illegalimmigration,butnone of them has succeeded.

References

Budzinnski,J. (2006). 287 g training from ICE sought by many U.S. jurisdictions.Novatownhall.Retrieved March 10, 2015, fromhttp://www.novatownhall.com/blog/2006/09/287g_training_from_ice_sought.php

Koslowski,R. (2006, July 31). Immigration reforms and border securitytechnologies. BorderBattles.Retrieved March 10, 2015, fromhttp://borderbattles.ssrc.org/Koslowski/index1.html

Manson,M. (2015). Bordersecurity technology.Deerfield, IL: Hendon Publishing.

Marosi,R. &amp Bennett, B. (2013). Border patrol struggles to measure whatit can’t see. LosAngels Times.Retrieved March 10, 2015, fromhttp://articles.latimes.com/2013/apr/29/nation/la-na-border-security-20130430

Ortega,B. (2014). Killing of Ariz: Drug suspect a test of new border patrolpolicy. Azcentral.Retrieved March 10, 2015, fromhttp://www.azcentral.com/story/news/arizona/2014/06/03/border-patrol-smuggling-killing-tests-policies/9908767/