CASE STUDY 4
Russiangeography depicts the country’s geographic features. The geographyis illustrated on the basis of size, climate, location as well asphysical features. It is the biggest nation globally in terms oftotal area (17,075,200 sq km) (Ziegler, 2009). Russia’s size makesit exhibit both diversity and monotony. It extends to northernEurasia and comprises much of northern Asia and Eastern Europe. Thevegetation includes semi-desert, coniferous forest, grassland, andbroad-leaf and mixed forests. Climate change is determined bymodifications in vegetation.
Thedemographics features are explained in terms of population of Russia.It encompasses population density, education level, populationgrowth, ethnic composition, economic status and health among othercharacteristics (Bowker & Ross, 2014). According to estimates,Russian Federation had a population of 146,270,033 as of January2015.
Understandingthe Finno-Ugric and the Eastern Slavs is the initial thing inexploring the early historical development of Russia. These peoplewho included Ilmen Slavs and Votes resided in Garðaríki state,which was founded in 862 by Varangian chieftain Rurik. The initialunited Slavic state was Kievan Rus`, which was established in 882 byOleg of Novgorod. The Russian culture including Christianity wasadopted in 988 from the Byzantine Empire. In 1237–1240, the statefell apart as a result of Mongol invasion (Bowker & Ross, 2014).However, various regional magnates such as Pskov struggled to takeover the political and cultural legacy of Kievan Rus` (Bacon &Wyman, 2006).
Thepolitics of the Russian Federation can be explained in terms of afederal semi-presidential republic (Ziegler, 2009). The constitutionallows Russian’s to elect a President, who is in charge of thestate. With consent from the parliament, the president in turnappoints the Prime Minister, who is in charge of the multi-partysystem. The Federal Assembly is responsible for vesting legislativepower, while by-laws are issued by the President. For some time, thelegislative and executive branches were in struggle as theyrepresented differing visions concerning Russia’s future. However,it was partly resolved by the new constitution.
Russiais characterized by competition among political parties. Politicalconflicts and struggle were also part and parcel of the country. These are linked to economic struggle and social disruption (Bowker &Ross, 2014).
Thepolitical culture of the country is based on the assumption that itshistorical experience favors dictatorial rule. The society isperceived as wholly atomized while Russia population is not attachedin the political process. According to some Western viewers, thePutin regime is believed to be regressing democracy (Bacon &Wyman, 2006). Sovereign democracy is a dogma that has been instigatedafter the collapse of the Soviet Union. Nevertheless, in integratesdiverse ideological aspects of communism, besides focusing on publicadministration and political system rather than social-culturalfactors.
Thepolitical economy of the country is based on natural resourcesincluding gas and oil. Economic projections of Russia startedworsening in 2013 when the economic boom came to an end. The 1998economic collapse has been surmounted using the income obtained fromthe resources. In spite of the implementation of the 1991 policiesafter the dissolution of the Soviet Union, there exist struggles overland, property, welfare and state revenues. Since 2000, VladimirPutin uses the strong economy to advance government control overmedia as well as political institutions (Bowker & Ross, 2014).
Bacon,E. & Wyman, M. (2006). ContemporaryRussia.New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Bowker,M. & Ross, C. (2014). Russiaafter the cold war.New York: Routledge.
Ziegler,C. E. (2009). Thehistory of Russia.Harvard: Harvard University Press.