OSHA STANDARDS 11
Casestudy OSHA Standards at Bubba Company
Casestudy Bubba Company and OSHA occupational safety Standards
BubbaCompany needs to implement several safety standards to avert varioushazards in the company. Employees’ faces significant health hazardsin the work environment. In particular, employees are exposed tovarious occupational safety and health hazards. Major health hazardsthat Bubba employees are exposed to include burns, cuts, shear,stabs from the several machines in the work place. In addition,employees are exposed to other safety dangers such as slips and fallson sharp metals and machines.
Furthermore,employees are exposed to harmful vibrations, unfavorable naturalventilation, and harmful gases from the solvents and noise. Lack ofeffective industrial ventilations exposes employees to respiratoryproblems and extreme heats. Extreme vibrations from the pressing,rolling and cutting machines expose the workers to occupationalhearing loss. Paint solvents contain harmful Chemicals such asmercury, lead and arsenic substances that would lead to severalrespiratory and hearing loses. Vibrating machines, air pressure andlighting can also lead to work-related illness. In order to avoidthese occupational hazards and guarantee employees occupationalsafety, Bubba Company requires the following safety standards.
Gases,vapors, fumes, dusts and mists (OSHA 1910.55)
Accordingto OSHA standard, employees should be safeguarded against inhalation,skin absorption, ingestion or contact with substances that exceed therequired airborne contamination limits. In this case, compliance tothis standard requires the Bubba Company to have administrative andengineering controls. In the event that these controls are absent, toachieve full compliance to OSHA’s standard on gases and airbornecontaminants Bubba needs to provide its employees with protectiveequipments. In addition, there is need for protective measures tocaution employees from air contaminants within OSHA’s stipulatedlimits. In this respect, any equipment and technical measure used inthe firm must be approved by the industrial hygienist or any otherqualified person.
Occupationalnoise exposure, (OSHA 1926.52, 1910. 95)
InBubba Company, employees are exposed to serious noise from thevibrating machines. This extreme noise may lead to hearing loss,psychological stress and general body exhaustion. Furthermore,extreme noise inhibits communications and this is risky as employeesmay fail to hear alarms from other dangers.
Accordingto OSHA standard on noise exposure, employees should be protectedagainst certain sound levels that exceed standard sound level at lowresponse permitted noise exposure is 90 dBA for 8 hours or ¼ hourat 115 dBA. However, if employees are subjected to sound that exceedthese levels employees need to be provided with protectiveequipments to reduce sound levels to OSHA’s standard level. Inaddition,exposure to impact or impulsive noise should not exceed140 Db peak for sound pressure levels.
Walkingand working surfaces (OSHA 1910. 30)
BubbaCompany does not have well protected walking and working surfaces.The operating space in the fabrication, rack and welding departmentare limited. Furthermore, the presence of metallic sheets, movingmachines and painting oil presents workers with slips and fallshazards. In this respect, Bubba Company should to implement effectivearrangements for machines and metallic sheets to safeguard employeesfrom falls and slips. The Company should ensure that there is enoughclearance between machines to ease movements. Aisles and stairsshould have ample space to ease free movements of employees movingmaterials. In addition, portable and powered duckboards’ need to bestrong enough to support the load moved.
Adequateventilation is required at Buppa Company. Employees are exposed tosevere harmful gases, dusts, and inhalation from heavy metals,solvents and welding machines. In this respect, Bubba Companyrequires adequate ventilation protection. There is need for abrasive–blasting respirator to covers wears head, neck and shoulders toshield them from rebounding abrasive substances. In addition, thereis need to construct clean air outlets in all the departments. Thepresence of revolving machines, solvents and vibration leads to theaccumulation of harmful metallic dust particles that may lead torespiratory problems. A dust collector may be constructed to separatedust from clean air. Other important ventilation devices that shouldbe constructed are particulate –filter respirator, reparable dust,rotary blast cleaning table and abrasive blasting.
PersonalProtective Equipment (OSHA 1910. 132)
Allemployees at Buppa Company require effective protective equipment toprotect their face, head and eyes. In addition, employees needprotective respiratory devices, shields and barriers while working inthe fabricating, racking and wielding departments. For instance, thefabrication department is extremely noisy and this poses serioushealth risk to employees. The personal protective equipment standardrequires that employees be provided with reliable sanitary workingconditions. These protective equipments help to protect employeesfrom chemical, radiological and mechanical hazards presented bymachines and metals. Under this standard, employers should assessworkplaces to determine the presence of hazards decide whichprotective equipments that employees needs.
Eyeand face protection (OSHA 1910. 133)
Employeesat Bubba Company are exposed to significant eye and face hazards. Inparticular, the fabrication and wielding departments may have flyingparticles that may damage employees’ eyes. Bright light fromwielding machines may lead to significant effects on wielders eyes ifno proper face masks are worn. OSHA recommends that, employees’assigned work in such departments is provided with face masks thatare strong enough to block flying particles, molten liquid, gases,vapors and light radiations. Workers should never undertake any tasksin the fabrication and wielding departments without adequate ear, eyeand head protective devices.
Handprotection (OSHA 1910.138)
Employeesat Bubba Company handle various materials that may have adverseeffects if they get into contact with the staffs hands. Severalhazards such as burns, cuts and skin collision are eminent from theseveral materials handled at Bubba Company. As such, Bubba needs toprovide employees with appropriate hand protection gear to safeguardthem against harmful substances, cuts, punctures, burns and extremetemperatures.
HeadProtection (OSHA 1910. 135)
Thepresence of heavy revolving machines, movement of metallic rawmaterials and finished equipments pose serious risks to employeeshead injuries. As such, there is need for employee to have protectivehelmets when working in the storage racks, fabricating and wieldingdepartments. This is important in protecting employees from potentialhead injuries from falling, moving and exploding objects.
Feetwear protection (OSHA 1910. 136)
BubbaCompany deals with metallic parts and equipments. Operations in thefabrication, wielding and racking department poses serious threat toworkers. For instance, workers are exposed to foot injuries fromsharp metal objects, electrical shocks, contact with colludingchemical substances from paints and other solvents. OSHA footprotection standard requires that employers provide footwear toprotect employees from foot injuries.
Specificationsfor accident prevention signs and tags 1910.145
AtBubba Company, there are no work environmental control signsespecially in the fabrication, wielding and rack departments. Workenvironment signs are important as they informed warn workers onenvironmental dangers. For instance, Bubba Company does not havesigns and specifications for machine areas. There is need forspecification signs and symbols that define specific hazards thatpose risk to workers or property damage. These signs should be inform of safety posters such as ‘No smoking’ in the gas chambers.In addition to signs, it is important to have instruction manuals andsafety colors applied on different devices depending on risksassociated.
Emergencyaction plans (OSHA 1910. 38)
Accordingto Bubba Company case study, there is no safety program. This meansthat the firm has no emergency plans in the event of disasters. Assuch, emergency plan is an essential safety aspect that should beincluded in the firm’s safety program. Emergency plans is a writtendocument kept in workplace and available for review by all employees.However, in some cases it is important to communicate emergency plansto employees orally. In particular, emergency plans outlinesprocedure of handling emergencies such as reporting, evacuation andexit routes. Emergency plans include other aspects such as alarmsystem, training and procedures of operating critical machineriesduring emergencies.
Fireprevention plans (OSHA 1910.39)
BubbaCompany does not have an existing fire prevention plan. The firmfaces considerable fire hazards from the fabrication, wielding andpainting departments. Gas may leak in the wielding department leadingto fire. Paints contain explosive substances and this pose seriousfire hazards. As such, there is need for fire prevention plan. Thisplan must be written down and kept where all employees can see. Theplan should explain major fire hazards, storage procedures, handlingand litigations. Furthermore, the fire prevention plan should havefire extinguishers fixed at prominent points in all departments.Employees need to be informed early on fire hazards that they areexposed to before tasks are assigned.
Hazardousmaterials, Flammable liquids (OSHA 1910. 106)
BuppaCompany has painting departments with various solvents such asXylenes and toluene. These paints and solvents are highly flammableliquids that need adequate safety standards to avert seriousoccupational health risks to employees. In particular, theseflammable liquids are volatile and highly flammable. In this respect,there is need for proper storage equipments that seals off vapor. Inaddition, there is need for adequate ventilation and fire fightingdevices.
MaterialHandling and Storage (OSHA 1910.176)
AtBubba, various mechanical equipments are used to handle materials,transport and storage. For instance, at Bubba a 300-ton hydraulic isused for pressing, flatbed trailers are used to lift raw materials tothe fabrication departments. These equipments pose serious safetythreats to property and employees if no well operated. OSHA standardrequires that such equipments be adequately repaired, aisles andpathways be kept clear with no obstruction that may lead to hazards.In the storage rack, order and caution need to be enforced to preventhazards caused by falling objects, fire and pest harborage.
Medicaland First Aid (OSHA 1910. 151)
BubbaCompany does not have an existing safety program and thus it isunlikely that the firm has elaborate medical services and first aid.A firm operating high risks productions operations such asfabrications, metal cutting, wielding and mass painting, there isneed for an effective medical and first aid facility. OSHA demandsthat employers ensure that there are adequate medical personnel foradvice and personnel on matters of health. If the Bubba is not in aposition to have a clinic, t is imperative to have a workplace thatis near workplace. Alternatively, Bubba Company needs to have welltrained medical personnel and emergency first aid kits.
Fourimportant written programs for Bubba Company
AHazard Communication documentisimportant for all employers. Hazards communication contains wellwritten list of safety and hazards at workplace. The documentrequires that all safety hazards be labeled appropriately with allnecessary information on hazards. The document is also useful toemployers who use chemicals in their firms and provides hazardcommunication. This hazard communication covers warning labels,materials for safety data, employee safety training and theapplication. This document would be useful in Bubba Company as animportant safety measure of educating staffs on hazards and how toavoid them
Thisplan requires that all firms that deal with chemicals, fire and otherharmful materials should have emergency action plan. Emergency actionplan outlines various actions, procedures and operations that shouldbe undertaken in the event of hazards. Bubba Company faces eminenthazards such as fire and it is important to have a laid downemergency plan on how to prevent, control and enhance evacuations inthe e vent of fire outbreak.
OSHArequires that firms operating heavy machinery with extreme noiseimplement a ‘noise monitoring program plan.’ Bubba Company hasheavy machineries that produce extreme noise. In this case, it isimportant that the firm maintain noise monitoring program to regulateharmful noise. The hearing conservation plan would guild Bubbacompany in maintain noise at the required level by OSHA.
Awritten Respirator Protectionstandardis important in regulating harmful respiratory substances at workplace. Bubba Company deals with various materials that produce fumes,consume more oxygen within the building, produces gases, vapors,smoke and sprays. As such, Bubba Company is under obligation tomaintain a respirator protection plan that helps regulate harmfulemissions to OSHA’s required levels.
Standardsthat Bubba Company is required to provide training
Operatingprocedures for each equipment Material Handling and Storage 1910.176
Employeesat Bubba Company deal with various plants machineries that requireadequate knowledge of operation. In accordance to OSHA standards ofequipment operations, employees need adequate training on how tooperate the equipments, prevent hazards and how to respond to hazardscaused by the equipments. Operating procedure should be establisheddetailing all aspects of operating equipments with consistency.
Bubbaneeds to provide employees with adequate training on first aid ineach location of work. First aid training is important as hazards areinevitable in the fabrication, wielding and rack departments. Firstaid helps to save lives and prevent further damage on one’s health.
GeneralSafety and Health Provisions (1926.20)
Employeesat Bubba Company require general safety and health training. This isimportant in enhancing employee awareness on possible hazards and howto address them. With adequate training on possible hazards at thefirm, employees become careful, alert and cautious when working inthe fabrication, painting and wielding departments.
Emergencyaction plan training (1910.38)
Adequateoral and written emergency training is important for employeesworking in high risk workstation like Bubba Company. Emergency plantraining informs, educates and cautions employees on possible escaperoutes in the event of disaster. This makes it possible forevacuation and protection practices.
HazardCommunication, Hazard materials (1910.101)
Inthis case, employees are trained on how to handle, identify and usehazardous materials. For instance, Bubba Company uses heavy machines,solvents and gases in its operations. To this end, employees requireadequate information on how to identify, avoid and handle hazardousmaterials.
OSHA.“Occupational Safety and Health Administration regulations(Standards – 29 CFR).” Retrieved fromhttps://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owasrch.search_form?p_doc_type=STANDARDS&p_toc_level=1&p_keyvalue=1910