Chronic Disease Risk and Prevention

ChronicDisease Risk and Prevention


PartI: Assess Yourself

Cardiovasculardiseases, cancer, obesity and osteoporosis are among the leadingkiller diseases which were not common in the last 50 years or so butnow are a dominant factor. The main reason can be attributed to thechange of lifestyle and improved technology which for instance haveintroduced products to the market that exposes us to causative agentsof cancer. All these diseases, however, can be nurtured depending onthe lifestyle we choose to lead. It is for that reasons thatdiscipline like fitness experts and profession emerged to help insolving this emerging problem. The government is also aware of theproblems caused by obesity, for instance, and this is a goingconcern. The efforts of her Excellency, the first lady, MichelleObama to start a program in school to help children fight the menaceof obesity is a clear point of the need and commitment of fightingobesity. All that is important is to ensure that personal care istaken to avoid the lifestyle that increases chances of getting thesediseases. Identifying the likely causes is the first and mostimportant step in avoiding these diseases.

Inassessing oneself, a number of question ought to be answered inconnection with the subject (Kokkinos, 2010). I used the riskstratification assessment questionnaire to check on myself and thenidentify the risk factors that I expose myself to. I found that amongothers, the following are a risk factor to any other person

  • Cigarette smoking or those who have just quit smoking and are not 6 months from that time they stopped.

  • Alcohol drinking

  • Obesity- an individual with a body mass index equal to or, above, 30kg.m2.

  • A person born from a family that has had history of these diseases.

  • Leading a sedentary lifestyle where an individual is never exposed to physical body exercise of between 40% and 60% for at least three days in a week.

  • Be between the age of at least 45 years for men and 55 for females apart from diseases like cancer and diabetes.

  • Presence of a known, “cardiovascular, pulmonary and metabolic disease or symptoms.”

  • High blood pressure also called hypertension (McConnell, 2014).

Thefinding led me to identify myself and found the following. Currently,I am not a smoker and I do not smoke any cigarettes. I am 47 yearsold and that make some to be at the risk of being a victim to thedisease given that I am above 45 years that increases the risk toperson. The only family history of the diseases is that my greatgrandmother who was diabetic. I am very regular with my physicalfitness exercise and I personally do not have any health problems.For my family in general, no other health problem exists about thediseases mentioned in the activity. We are, but blessed to have agood gene that is not prone to these lifestyle diseases (Kokkinos,2010).

PartII: Assess a Friend

Iconducted a risk stratification assessment to one of my friend, JamesGideon. I found that he led a life that exposed his to the risk offalling victims into the dangerous diseases just like I. From thequestionnaire I admitted and interviewed him, I found that

  • He had just quit smoking in the last four months.

  • He is an active drunker and he drinks more than 10 bottle of beer per week.

  • He is very passive in terms of physical activities and workout and would barely be in such activities.

  • He has a body mass Index of more than 30.

  • Her mother is under medication for hypertension.

  • He once collapsed during a charity walk.

Fromthe following research, I can conclusively identify him to be a t arisk of getting these diseases and a drastic move should be done toavoid the effects of the same. He displayed almost all the criticalissues that are thought to be the major cause of the diseases (McLeanet al., 2013).

Knowingthat these problems are increasing in the world, there is need toinform the people of the problems likely to occur and give themknowledge about its prevention. In education the public as healtheducator, I can help them prevent the diseases by informing themabout the prevention measures. I would give them a list to guidetheir nutrition, encourage them to participate in physical exerciseand activities by explaining to them the importance of and role ofexercises in preventing the diseases. I can also encourage them toeach one to identify his or her physical activity category formaximum benefits. I can also provide guide in conducting exercise toavoid a situation where individuals work hard but the benefits arenever realized because of exercising a wrong manner. Enrolling themto the physical activity program that will encourage them toparticipate as a group, to bring the morale and urge to participate.Exercise is very important in prevention of obesity andcardiovascular diseases in general.


Kokkinos,P. (2010). Physicalactivity and cardiovascular disease prevention.Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett.

McLean,D. I., Williams, D., Lamont, S., &amp Krueger, H. (2013).Community-BasedPrevention: Reducing the Risk of Cancer and Chronic Disease.

McConnell,K. E. (2014). Healthfor life.