Citizens Movement (nongovernmental organizations to promote social

CITIZENS MOVEMENT (NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS TO PROMOTE SOCIAL REFORM) IN RUSSIA 3

CitizensMovement (nongovernmental organizations to promote social reform) inRussia

StruvePeter was greatly involved in the revolution of 1905 as a commentatorand participant. His recent reaction, very much different from hisreflections in the past years, emphasizes a lot on one major theme,the fatal outcome for Russia caused by the irrational anddestructiveness of Russian people. Struve takes a very special placein Russian political and intellectual history (Shatz &ampJudith,1994).

Whatis most evident in Struve’s article the “TheIntelligentsiaandtheRevolution,”is his inconsistency in the meaning of the word. Depending on thecontext, it sometimes refers to educated, political andreform-oriented individuals in Russia. In other times, it refers tosocial revolutionaries and people committed to violent revolution(Shatz&ampJudith, 1994).

Questionsfor discussion

  1. What are some of the crisis said to have engulfed Russia that led to the interpretation of the Russian revolution?

  2. Why Peter Struve was considered a rebel yet he was fighting for the good interest of Russian people?

  3. What is Bolshevism as it is said to have shaped the Russian revolutionary crisis?

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Nongovernmental Organizations to Promote Social Reform 2

“The Russian experience has revealed with full clarity the terrible suffering of its citizens, living tragedy of socialism.”

Pg. 145

ote Card

Thisquote reveals how human/citizen activists in Russia were determinedto promote social reform to alleviate the oppression that citizenswere subjected to by the government. Struvedidnot supportthemanifestoandalso disapprovedrevolutionaryMarxism,particularlythesocialistrevolutionanddictatorshipof theproletariat(Struve,1994).

References

Shatz,M. S., Judith, E. Z. (1994). Introduction.NewYork: M. E. Sharpe.

Struve, P. (1994). TheIntelligentsia and Revolution.New York: M. E. Sharpe.