Citizens Movement (nongovernmental organizations to promote social


CitizensMovement (nongovernmental organizations to promote social reform) inRussia

StruvePeter was greatly involved in the revolution of 1905 as a commentatorand participant. His recent reaction, very much different from hisreflections in the past years, emphasizes a lot on one major theme,the fatal outcome for Russia caused by the irrational anddestructiveness of Russian people. Struve takes a very special placein Russian political and intellectual history (Shatz &ampJudith,1994).

Whatis most evident in Struve’s article the “TheIntelligentsiaandtheRevolution,”is his inconsistency in the meaning of the word. Depending on thecontext, it sometimes refers to educated, political andreform-oriented individuals in Russia. In other times, it refers tosocial revolutionaries and people committed to violent revolution(Shatz&ampJudith, 1994).

Questionsfor discussion

  1. What are some of the crisis said to have engulfed Russia that led to the interpretation of the Russian revolution?

  2. Why Peter Struve was considered a rebel yet he was fighting for the good interest of Russian people?

  3. What is Bolshevism as it is said to have shaped the Russian revolutionary crisis?


Nongovernmental Organizations to Promote Social Reform 2

“The Russian experience has revealed with full clarity the terrible suffering of its citizens, living tragedy of socialism.”

Pg. 145

ote Card

Thisquote reveals how human/citizen activists in Russia were determinedto promote social reform to alleviate the oppression that citizenswere subjected to by the government. Struvedidnot supportthemanifestoandalso disapprovedrevolutionaryMarxism,particularlythesocialistrevolutionanddictatorshipof theproletariat(Struve,1994).


Shatz,M. S., Judith, E. Z. (1994). Introduction.NewYork: M. E. Sharpe.

Struve, P. (1994). TheIntelligentsia and Revolution.New York: M. E. Sharpe.