Althoughthere are unreliable details as to his education and background,Plato is thought to have come from a wealthy and politicallyinfluential family in Greece. He went through some of the besteducation systems of the time and eventually become a student ofanother highly influential philosopher, Socrates. Socrates featureshighly in Plato’s writings. However, he is not the only influencewho helped in shaping Plato’s later life (Chris, 2015). Otherthinkers who Plato might have had some connection with includeHeraclitus of Ephesus.
Plato’sphilosophy touches on almost all aspects of his life. Although thereis controversy as to which of his works is genuine, there is no doubtthat his works have continued to be cited and read in differenteducation systems for various purposes in modern day. In his earlierworks such as the Republic, Plato touches on ethics, politicalphilosophy, moral physiology as well as metaphysics. Here, otherideologies such as the theory of Forms which outlines the world as animitation of another eternal world that is unchanging are formulated.In regard to his death, one theory holds that Plato died in his bedwhile other argument dictates that his death occurred at a wedding.
ThomasHobbes A background
ThomasHobbes was an English philosopher who lived between 1588-1679. Hismost outstanding opinion includes political thoughts and expressions.Notably, most of his opinions have been adopted in most contemporarypolitics. Thomas Hobbes addresses a raft of concerns including socialand political order and explores the idea of peaceful coexistenceamong human beings without the danger and fear of civil conflict.
Hobbes`slived at a time of political upheaval in England. Though he was notborn in a wealthy family he had a wealthy uncle who financed hiseducation. He excelled in his intellectual talents eventually joiningOxford. His success in education saw him rub shoulders with the highand mighty as he tutored the son of an important noble family, theCavendish`s. This was a good opportunity for him to learn of theoperations of the King, of Members of Parliament, and of evenaffluent landowners as these matters was discussed around him. Hobbesdied of a bladder disorder in 1679.
Plato’sand Hobes ideologies: A Comparison
Hobbesargues that there are no existences of inequality in the naturalcondition. His observations are that civil laws are capable ofcreating any kind of inequality. Hobbes holds that, where nature hasmade mankind unequal, man should be able to be in peaceful agreementwith one another. This notwithstanding, the humankind have beenunable to co-exist peacefully with one another.
Hobbsobservations differs with Plato’s as the latter holds that humanbeings wants anything that is intrinsically good regardless ofwhether one is ale o differentiate between the good and the bad.Consequently, individuals continue to unknowingly commit horribleactions against each other just to gain an upper hand over the otherperson. For Plato, humankind is endowed with capabilities and istherefore equal. On the other hand, Hobbes disagrees with the pointthat human beings want that which is good. Instead, Hobbes arguesthat a man’s life is in a state of chaos because of his appetitesthat create inequalities which often leads them to provoke fellowhuman to war and aggression (Hobbes 64).
Idealform of government
Plato observes that one advantage of a governing body is that thebest people in society are offered the mandate as the moral andpolitical guidance system for the other “classes” of citizens(Plato, 126). As such, they would be key in determining true justiceand law. They would further have unique training and definite dutieswithin politics thus becoming the sovereign. This thought is sharedby Hobbes who argues that if a man is not subjected to any laws itwould be impossible to maintain the basic security that makes lifehave some order. For instance it would difficult to establishindustry since the advantages associated with them would beunexplored. Thus, both philosophers agree that some form ofgovernment with the most suitable at the helm of leadership isnecessary.
Thetwo philosophers nonetheless differ in their outlook of the idealgovernment. Plato holds that the elite few would be the sole holdersof that which is deemed to be the ultimate truth and would offerguidance to rest in regards to how to act in society. Hobbes, on hispart observes that no single person can claim to posses the ultimatetruth and therefore it would be impossible to view the state asinstitutions where the best persons pass do pass down moral orspiritual understanding. In fact, he does not seem to believe thatmorality (especially in the more structured religious sense) has anyplace in governance (Wrigth, 2015.).
Althoughthese two philosophers lived in very different times andcircumstances, their arguments hold a glimpse of truth that can onlybe interrogated through critical analyses. In this essay forinstances, these writers are seen to be toying around with what wouldbe ideal manner in which man would live in harmony with fellow man.It was through thoughtful processes and closer observations of theworld that these philosophers drew such conclusions. Their ideologieshave traversed time and space as man continues to experiment the bestway in which to live harmoniously with each other or even understandsthe core values that guide`s humanity.
Hobbs,Thomass. Leviathan:Paperback,2011.printPlato,theRepublic TransJowett. Benjamin:Paperback,2008, printSmithNicole. Comparisonof “The Republic” by Plato and “Leviathan” by Thomas Hobbes ArticleMyriad Dec 6, 2011.retrieved on March21, 2015
Wright,Chris. Plato Philosophy Now Magazine.(Feb/March,2015)
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