Comparison and Contrast of Magazine Article and Journal Article-Autism

Comparisonand Contrast of Magazine Article and Journal Article-Autism

Comparisonand Contrast of Magazine Article and Journal Article-Autism

Thispaper analyses and conducts a comparison of the definingcharacteristics of autism in the Readers Digest magazine and aresearch that was carried out in American Journal of MedicalGenetics. However, the American Journal of Medical Genetics exploresthe characteristics of the individuals from the family and relativepoint of view in experimental manner, hence detailing the phenotyperelationship between the characteristics of autistic persons andtheir relatives (Losh etal.,2008). In doing the analysis, characteristics of autism is comparedin both studies and comprehensive similarity and differences arebrought out. Autism is defined as a complicated development ofdisorders in the neuron cells of the brain that results ininterference of individual’s language and the socio-emotionalcomposition as well as interests and activities of the person (Loshetal.,2008).

Accordingto Readers Digest, there are clear characteristics of individualswith autism that must be observed before they are diagnosed. Thecharacteristics can be observed and they include communication of anindividual, their behavior as well as the developmental levels(Pollack, 2015). In diagnosis of autism, the word syndrome isnormally applied owing to the diverse nature of the symptoms hencethe individuals suffering from autism are a heterogeneous group. Thefirst characteristic is the impaired social interactions. Usually,individuals with autism fail to develop the standard or the customarysocial relationships with the common man in the society. Often, theyare perceived as being in their own world given that they do avoideye contact as well as physical connections with others. The socialskills and interactions are poorly developed and in the event thatthey occur they are retarded and stilted (Pollack, 2015).

Onthe other hand, American Journal of Medical Genetics brings out thepersonality and social behavior of individuals which in summaryharbors similarities with the Readers Digest Magazine. According tothis Journal, out of numerous case-scientific studies there arecertain personality traits and social behaviors that are observed inautistic individuals (Losh etal.,2008). Study of family history and direct assessment of the autisticpersons show social reticent and aloof personalities among theindividuals with autism, though in this case parents. They tend tohave untactful behavior their friendship quality is quite low.

Accordingto Readers Digest, the second characteristic is impairment incommunication and imaginative activity. The impairment often has aneffect of both verbal and nonverbal skills. The magazine takes notethat an estimated 40 to 50 percent of people with autism do notdevelop the use of functional language (Pollack, 2015). Upon thedevelopment of speech by these individuals, it is observed that theirquality is far much different from those of normal children or evenchildren who suffer from language disorders. Usually, the individualsare seen to have a reversal in pronouns and would find it difficultto label objects or comprehend a short speech. Often, their speechpattern and utterances are weird and unique from the norm which manysee as uncommunicative though understandable to individuals familiarwith them. There is abnormal speech methodology often referred to asdysprosody which is characterized by monotonous tonal quality andrises at the end of the sentences (Pollack, 2015). They develop notany nonverbal communication such as facial expression and gesturesand if they are then they tend to be situational inappropriate.

Accordingto the Journal, impairment in language is a defining characteristicthat is seen in autistic individuals as well as their parents orrelatives (Losh etal.,2008). Studies have shown increased levels of delays in developmentof language among the individuals, impaired logical use of languageand difficulties in verbal fluency as well as reading standardizedmaterials. Hence, language impairment is a critical genetic featureof autism.

Additionally,Readers Digest takes note that individuals suffering from autism havea limited range of activities and interests. The individuals cannotrelate appropriately with objects and events that are in theirenvironment. Usually, the autistic individuals do not fully embracetheir environment and they have a different perspective of howcertain elements in the society should be a view different fromothers (Pollack, 2015). Hence they are inflexible thus giving rise torigid lifestyles. Often, the autistic individuals develop strangeattachments to items like a string. Regularly, they may engage instereotypical motor behaviors like rocking and hand flapping.

Accordingto the Journal, studies carried out on autism relatives indicate thatthey suffer from rigid personalities hence displaying littleinterests on matters that many care about (Losh etal.,2008). They often find it difficult to adjust to an environment aswell as carry out certain tasks perfectly.

Theinformation presented is accurate owing to the eligibility of theresearch materials as well as the in-depth knowledge of theresearchers. The other advantage of the research work is that it useda wide range of features to conduct the study. Further, the journalscapture the autistic characteristics of the parents which furthersolidifies the study. However, the scientific journals have alimitation when carrying out their study owing to the small samplesize that was used as well as the numerous differences that were nottaken into account.

Thepaper has extensively summarized the Readers Digest Magazine and theAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics. Similarities and differenceshave been brought out clearly in both studies with similaritiesoverriding the differences. In my view, the experimental study in thejournal and the Readers Digest Magazine clearly relates to some ofthe aspects or the characteristics of the autistic persons. Thus, thescientific journal and the magazine affirm the characteristics ofpersons with autism.

References

Losh,M., Childress, D., Lam, K., &amp Piven, J. (2008). Defining KeyFeatures of the Broad Autism Phenotype: A Comparison Across Parentsof Multiple- and Single-Incidence Autism Families. American Journalof Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics : TheOfficial Publication of the International Society of PsychiatricGenetics, 147B(4), 424–433. doi:10.1002/ajmg.b.30612

Pollack,G. (2015). The Defining Characteristics Of Autism. Readers Digest.Retrieved from&lthttp://www.readersdigest.ca/magazine/defining-characteristics-autism#8iqUh5pDcKQZikMw.97&gton 2nd March, 2015.