Demography In South Africa

DemographyIn South Africa

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DemographyIn South Africa

SouthAfrica isfoundat thesouthernendof Africa.TheSouth African coastline stretchesformorethan 2500 km. Thecountryconsists of nine provincesnamelytheEastern Cape,theFreeState,Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpumalanga, The Northern Cape, Kwa Zulu-Natal,North West andtheWestern Cape. Thetopography of thecountryconsists of themountainousescarpmentthat separatesthehighinland plateaufrom low-lying coastalzone.Theprovinceof Kwa Zulu – Natal, which islocatedon theeastseparatestheescarpmentfrom thecoast.TheinlandKaroo plateauconsists of themountainsandhillsthat are rocky.Thenorth-western partof thecountryis whereKalahari Desert islocated.Thecountryhas two mainriversnamelyRiver Limpopo andRiver Orange. SouthAfrica is thedevelopingveryfastcomparedto otherAfrican countriesdue to theavailability of mineralsresourcesspreadallover thecountry.

SouthAfrica beingone of themostdevelopedcountriesin Africa comprisesof almost52 million peoples.Thesepeoplehavedifferentcultures,religionbeliefsandlanguages.In 2011 census,showsthatSouth Africa doesnot onlyconsist of Africans butalsootherpeoplewholivethere.Thispeopleincludeswhites, coloredandAsian whomakesa populationof 8.9%,8.9%and 2.5% respectivelywhileAfricans makes79.2% of thepopulationof thecountry.the countryhaveheldthree censusessince South Africa`s independencein 1994, thefirstin 1996,thenthesecondelectionwasin 2001, andthethirdelectiontookplacein October 2011.In 1996, thepopulationwasalmost41 million which laterincreasedto 44.8 million in 2001.In ten yearstime,thepopulationof South Africa grewto approximatelyfifty-two million peopleandthiswasthelastcensustakenin South Africa (Renssen,2007).

TheAfrican populationcomprisesof populationgroupsthat includetheNguni, theSotho-Tswana, theTsonga andtheVenda. TheNguni peopleconsist of Zulu, Ndebele, Xhosa andtheSwazi peoplewhiletheSotho-Tswana includesthesouthern,northernandwesternSotho. Thewhite South Africans includeAfrikaners, English-speakers andtheimmigrants.ThemajorityAsians populationsin South Africa are Indians in origin.Coloredpeoplein South Africa cameas slaves,broughtto thecountryfrom east andcentralAfrica, theKhoisan, whodwelledin theCape at thetime,wereindigenousAfricans andwhites. ThemajorityspeakAfrikaans. Thepopulationin South Africa speakseleven officiallanguages.ThelanguagesincludeAfrikaans, English isiNdebele, isiXhosa, isiZulu, Sesotho saLeboa, Sesotho, Setswana, siSwati, Tshivenda andXitsonga.In 2011 censusshowsthatisiZulu wasthemostcommonlyusedlanguagein thecountryspokenby over 20% of thepopulationfollowedby isiXhosa at 16%, theAfrikaans at 13.5% andEnglish 8.2% andSetswana 8.2%.Mostof theSouth Africans populationare multilingual,and theycan speakmorethan one language.English -Afrikaans speakingpeoplemostof thetimestheydonot to havemuchabilityin indigenouslanguages,butare goodin eachother`slanguage.Alargenumberof South Africans speakEnglish, which is appropriateforofficialandcommercial,publiclife(Zuberi,Sibanda &amp Udjo, 2005).

BehindNigeria, theeconomyof South Africa is thesecondlargestin Africa, itconsists of 24% of its grossdomesticproductwhich mainlycomprisesof purchasingpowerparity,andWorld Bank has rankedSouth Africa as an upper-middle incomeeconomy.Since1996, South Africa`s Gross Domestic Product has almosttripled to $400 billion, andforeignexchangereserveshaveincreasedto $50 billion creatinga growingandsizable African middleclass,within two decades of establishingdemocracyandendingapartheid. SouthAfrica has beendoingwellin differentsectorsof agriculture,miningandmanufacturingindustries.SouthAfrica has divertedfrom a primaryandsecondaryeconomyin themid-twentieth centuryto an economysupportedprimarilyby thetertiary pillarsin thepresentdaywhich representan estimated65% of GDP. Thecountry`shavediversifiedeconomically with themaineconomicpillarsincludingmining,agricultureandfisheries,automobilemanufacturingandassembly,foodprocessing, clothingandtextiles, telecommunication, energy,financialandbusinessservices,realestate,tourism, transportation,andwholesaleandretailtrade(Zuberi,Sibanda &amp Udjo, 2005).

Asa developing country,itis sufferingfrom unemploymentthat leadsto increasingin crimeratesamong youths.Thegovernmentof South Africa is strivingto findsolutionsto unemployment`sby openingof industriesin ruralareastherebyreducingrural-urban migration.Thishelpsthegovernmentof South Africa to be ableto cope with thedemography changesin thecountry.

References

Renssen,M. (2007). SouthAfrica.London: New Holland.

Zuberi,T., Sibanda, A., &amp Udjo, E. (2005). Thedemography of South Africa.Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe.