Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking in America

DOMESTIC MINOR SEX TRAFFICKING IN AMERICA 1

DomesticMinor Sex Trafficking in America

DomesticMinor Sex Trafficking in America

Domesticminorsextrafficking alsoknownDMST can bedefinedas thesexualabuseof American childrenforcommercialenrichmentwithin thebordersof theUnited States. Theprocessof thistradeincludesrecruitment, transportation,harboring andprovisionof personsforthepurposeof sellingthem to commercialsexagenciesororganizations.Thevictims,whoare mostlyminorsandwomen,are eithercoercedorenticedinto itby theaggressivesextraders.In thisbusiness,there are traffickers, consumers,andthevictims(products).Therefore,thispaperwill highlight thecausesleadingto thethriving of DMST in theUnited States aidedby theavailability of theabove-mentionedcharactersthat influencethebusiness.In addition,wewill lookat theremediesfordiminishingcommercialsexbusinessas a wayof fightingsextrafficking as wellas thepsychologicalassistancethatvictimsshould be grantedto helpthem recoverfrom their ordeals.

Extensiveresearchhas shownthatdemandis thekeyinfluencer in theillegalbusinessof sextrafficking. Universaleconomicprinciplesstatethatdemandfora productis essentialto its marketsurvival.Without thedemandforsomething, nomarketwould existforthatparticularproduct,in thiscase,thesextrafficking victims.Demandiscreatedby menandwomenwhosolicitcommercialsexualentertainmentfrom theseunderagevictimswhohavebeensubjectedto fraud,coercionorforce.Youthsare enticedby through fancygiftslike phones,jewelry,money,andexpensivetripsabroadorwithin theUnited States. Secondly,culturaltoleranceis anotherkeyinfluencer of thevice.TheUnited States is among thetopfour countriesin theworldwith highcommercialsexclientele.Theotherthree are theNetherlands, Japan, andJamaica. Variousreportssuggestthatthesecountriesare knownto havea tolerantculturethat publicizescommercialsex.In return,thismakessextrafficking of minorandothervulnerablegroupsto thrivewithout constraints(Kortla 2010, pp. 181-182).

Anothermajorcontributoris vulnerability. Thecommercialsextraffickers lookout forthemostvulnerablelotasa target.Thismakeswomen,childrenortheyouthandthedisabledan endangeredspecies.Theyofferlittleresistanceto theenticement,coercionorforceof thetraffickers. Accordingto Kortla,thosein greatdangerare minorswhoare homeless,drugabusers, andthosewhodonot haveanyparentalguardianship in their lives.Statistics showsthatabout 450,000 to 2.8 million childrenare thrownawayorrunawayfrom their homesannually.With thisenormousnumberof youthsin destitutesituations,itcreatesan enabling environmentforsextrafficking to thrive(p. 183). Accordingto theU.S. Department of Justice, pimpsandsextraffickers searchforvulnerableyouthsin shoppingmalls,clubs,arcades, andbusandrailstations.Their primaryfocusis usuallyon youngfemaleswhoseemhomeless,brokeandwithout sufficientjobskillsto gainlegalemployment(2010).

PossibleSolutions to DMST

Tocurbthisvice,immediate,stringentmeasureshould bedevisedby thevariouslawenforcementagencies,thegovernment,andotherstakeholders. First,thecountriesculturaltoleranceon publicizingof sexshould be controlled.Sexualmaterialsshould berestrictedadultsonly.Theinternet, TV andradiocontent as wellas thepresspublicationsshould containparentaladvisoriesto inhibitchildrenfrom accessingthem. Pornographywebsites andotherlinksshould alsobefollowedandbanned.Lawenforcementat thislevel should be vigilantforthecannywaysof thesexcommercialmerchants.

ThedemandforDomestic minorsextrafficking can be eliminatedby enactingtoughlegalframeworksto controllegitimatecommercialsexhubs.Thesexdensshould haveauthenticdocumentsof their workersto ascertaintheir particularsincludingageandplaceof origin.Thoseoperatingillegally should beclosedindefinitely,andtheir proprietorsapprehended.Illegalbuyersof commercialsexin prohibitedstatesshould be arrestedandprosecuted.Thiswill instillfearon thosewillingto engagein thisriskybehaviorandalsobringsanityinto thecommercialsexindustryifat allitis legalin thatjurisdiction.Lastly,theUnited States should welcomea cultureshiftthat focusesmoreon thehighreligiousfoundations,changingthecountriesterminologyto avertfurthervictimization, andeducatingandcreatingawarenessamong its citizensto createan activepreventionmovement.In addition,sexeducationshould be introducedto teenagersin schoolsto makethem awareof their sexualityandits meritsanddemerits.Thesemethodsrequiremassiveandconsciouseffortsfrom all thoseinvolvednevertheless,whatstandto begainedis moremonumentalandwellmerittheintentions.

AfrocentricPerspective

Onescapingorrescuefrom their slavery,trafficking victims,includingDMTS victims,should be viewedas truesurvivors,not victimsorsexoffenders in alldaysof their lives.Stigmatizingagainst thisgroupis detrimentalto their mentalandspiritualwellbeing. Itrequiressufficientgutsandwitsto overcomesuch a situation.Mostof thosefirstto pointfingersshould rememberthatnone of them has everbeena victimbefore.Trueheroismis foundin overcomingone`s tribulationsandobstacles,not in succeedingwithout facinganyrealbarriers.Therefore,thesevictimsshould be consideredheroesandsurvivorsdue to theamountof adversitiestheyhadto overcome.

TakingCare of theSurvivors after their Ordeal

Rehabilitationforvictimsof thesextradeshould be encouraged.Thisisaimedat preventingfurtherpsychological,emotionaland,socialharmto them andtheir families.In addition,itis essentialin providingthetoolsneededforfuturesuccess.RehabilitationservicesincludeResidential care,foster familycare,andothercounseling services.DMST survivorsshould betakenin residentialcarewheretheycan getprofessionalandmoreattentivecare.Manystatesin theU.S. havethesefacilitiesalbeitin dwindlingnumbers.Accordingto theNational Colloquium Report in 2012, thestateof Georgia has one of thehighestnumbersof DMST survivorswith decliningrehabilitationfacilities.To rescuethissituationmorefacilitiesshould introducedoralternative methodsof takingin victimssuchas foster familiesshould be encouraged.Ifaccepted,familiestakingcareof thesegroupsshould be placedon extensivetrainingin counseling howto handlethem. Thismay involvecounseling classesandclasseson terminologiesto usewhencommunicatingwith thevictims.

Oncounseling, Youth victimsshould be introducedto (TST) Trauma Systems Therapy to enablethem gaincontrolover their behaviorandemotions.Thisisachievedthrough enhancingthechild`scapacityto limittheir feelingsanderadicatetheongoingthreatsandstressesin thesocialsurrounding. Anothermethodis theTBRI (Trust-based Rationale Interventions). Thisis a familybased intercessionthat ismeantforchildrenwith a historyof relationship-based traumaslike maltreatment,neglect,institutionalization, andmultiplefoster placements.Forthosesurvivorswhorelapse,individualmonitoring andassessmentof their situationis necessaryto ensuretheydonot fallinto thesamepitfallagain.Consistentencouragementandcompanionshipshould be availed to providementalstabilityandavertloneliness.

References

Allen,E. (2010). Testimony of Ernie Allen, President &amp CEO, NationalCenter for Missing &amp Exploited Children: For the Victims’rights caucus, Human trafficking caucus, U.S. House ofRepresentatives. Retrieved from http://www.missingkids

.com/missingkids/servlet/NewsEventServlet?LanguageCountry=en_US&ampPageId=

4312.

Countryman-Roswurm,K. I. (2012). Girls like you, girls like me: An analysis of domesticminor sex trafficking and the development of a risk and resiliencyassessment for sexually exploited youth.

Hoover,K. M. (2011). Determinants of Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking and theUrgent

Needfor a Global Cultural Shift.

Kotrla,K. (2010). Domestic minor sex trafficking in the UnitedStates.&nbspSocialwork,&nbsp55(2),181- 187.

U.S.Department of Justice. The National Strategy for Child ExploitationPrevention

Interdiction,A Report to Congress(2010).www.justice.gov/psc/docs/natstrategyreport.pdf.