It is imperative for counselors to effectively understand and use the for psychological testing and assessment asserts Hinkle (1999).Counselors and mental health professionals use the to classifymental disorders. The contains a list of psychiatric disorders,recognized by health care institutions across the globe. As a result,a diagnosis is the only first step for evaluating a client’smental state. This information is very crucial for counselors as itfurther helps them select which psychological testing and assessmentinstruments that a specific client requires. Psychological testingwhich is the use psychological techniques and tools to learn about aclients mental health is crucial for predicting behavior anddetermining appropriate treatment for a client (Cohen et al. 2013).

According to Cohen et al. (2013), psychological testing andassessment is the first step towards treating a mental ailment.The tests and assessments give a feedback on the client’s mentalcondition and help the counselor determine which is the rightdiagnosis and at times prognosis. Through the , a counselor candiagnose a patient leading to effective treatment, clinical care,planning, and communication with the client’s family and otherpractitioners (Hinkle, 1994). A successful counseling session wouldbe incomplete without the in every way. It is kick starts acounseling session and acts as a guide through the complicatedtreatment sessions of client guiding a counselor on what to do. The system meets the criteria for mental health counseling and is thebest form of mental health classification invented (Cohen etal.2013).

In conclusion, the helps counselors recognize the importance ofthe system as crucial to treatment for mentally ill patients. The IV-TR classifies mental ailments into cognitive disorders such assubstance abuse, mood disorders, psychoses, anxiety disorders,dissociative disorders and somatoform disorders (Dziegielewski,2010).


Cohen, R. J., Swerdlik, M. E., &amp Sturman, E. D. (2013).Psychological Testing and Assessment: An Introduction to Testsand Measurement [8th Ed.]. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Dziegielewski,S. F. (2010).&nbsp-IV-TRin action.Hoboken, N.J: John Wiley &amp Sons.

Hinkle, J. S. (1994). ‘The -IV: Progress and implications formental health counselors. ‘Journal of Mental Health Counseling,16, 174-183.

Hinkle, J.S. (Ed.). (1999).Promoting optimum mental health throughcounseling.

Greensboro, NC: ERIC/SASS fromhttp://www.i-counseling.net/pdfs/volone.pdf