Effects of technology on education

EFFECTS OF TECHNOLOGY ON EDUCATION 11

Effectsof technology on education

Nameof student

Nameof professor

Asa youngstudentin the21st century,I am surroundedby technological innovationsallover.I gatherthatthistechnology is applicablein almosteverywalkof lifefrom healthandmedicine,in agriculture,in businessenterprises andtrade,in transport,in themilitaryamong otherplaces.Thetechnology rangesfrom simplemachinesto sophisticatedequipmentthat costcompaniesplentyof their investments.One thingI havecometo givecreditis theabilityof technology innovators to stayrelevantwith thecurrenttrends.Everyday,theycomeup with newdevicesand digital programs that I believecan performvariousfunctionsto suitpeople’sbusyschedules.

Asa studentwhois privilegedto be in schoolat a timewhentheworldis undergoinggreatchangesin termsof technology, I am veryreceptiveto anytechnology introducedto our learningactivities.Through theyears,I havebeenin school,andI haveseenquitesomesignificantchangesin technology usedin learninginstitutions.After a closereflectionandopinion,I arrivedat theconclusionthattheeducationsectoris one of themostreceptivefieldsin technological changes.Lookingat thevariouslevels in schoolsfrom thelowestgradeto highereducationinstitutions,allI can seeis awiderangeof customized technologicaldevicesandprogramsto assistbothlearnersandteachers.

Ialsoreflectedon thesechangesandtheeffectstheyhaveon thelearnersa wellas theteachers.I understandthattechnology has madethingseasierforthetwo groupsof people.Ithas reducedtheir manualworkandeased communicationbetween learnersandteachers(Hamidi et al., 2011). However,as in allthings,theinnovationsmust havesomedrawbacks.Thedesireto knowabout theeffectstechnology has in educationpromptedme to conducta researchanddiscoverthetruth.

Thesearchforinformation

FromthetimeI decidedto conductthisresearch,I knewthatthefieldof technology has receiveda widestudy,andI hadto narrow down my search.I setup my inclusionandexclusioncriteria.First,anymaterialthat I hadto readhadto be writtenby a reliableperson.Theinformationgivenin thepapermust havecomefrom a rigorousresearch.I believetheapproachcould giveme reliableinformationthat has a basisof testeddata.I triedas muchas possibleto avoidworkswrittenby individualbloggers out of their opinionand non-reliable authors without conductinganystudy.I feltthatsomepeoplemight givetheir opinionout of their findingsin isolatedcases.Theapproachwould not haveservedmy purposeof arrivingat comprehensiveinformationabout thepros andconsof technological innovationsin education.

Ithereforeconsultedthemosttrustedsitesin theGoogle searchenginethat containsinformationpublishedin academicjournals.Theinformationhas mostlycome from researchconductedby thevariousscholarsandits conclusionmadeout of thedata collectedin thefield.Thesourcesalsohadto be writtenin therecentpast,an approachI believedwould resultin themostrelevantinformation.

Importantliterature

Ifirstbumpedinto a veryinformativearticlewrittenby Schmid andotherauthorsin theyear2014. Theresearchis a collectionof importanteffectsthat technology has on education.In thisresearch,themainaimwasto identifytheadvantagesanddisadvantagesof technology in schools.Thearticletitled “Theeffectsof technology usein postsecondary education:A meta-analysis of classroom applications,”focusedon thedigital applicationof variousformsof technology in highschools.Theresearchoutcomesindicatedthathighschoolsare someof themostreceptiveinstitutionsin theeducationsector.Therationaleforthisis thatthepeoplefoundin thisstageare positiveabout technological advancements(Schimd, 2014).

Anyinnovationthat makestheir workeasieris, therefore,welcome.Theauthorsprovideinformationthat technology has easedcommunicationbetween learnersandtheteacherssince mostof thestudentswhoparticipatedin thestudyusedvariouswaysto communicatewith their tutorsthrough their communicationdevices.Thestudentscould alsoaccessinformationwith a lotof easewithout havingto turnpagesf bigbooksin thelibrary.Theconsultationanddiscussionbetween thestudentscan alsotakeplaceon varioustechnology platformsespeciallyin thesocialmedia.Theauthorshoweverdiscoveredthattheinnovationsintroducedin highschoolsare reducingthecapabilityof studentsto thinkcritically andtryto deduceanswersfrom a givensetof information.Thereasonforthisis that theycan accessall theanswerstheyneedfrom online sources(Schimd, 2014).

Ialsocameacross an articlea reportthat presentedduring theninth CDIO (Conceive-Design-Implement-Operate) conferenceheldin June 2013 whosethemewastheintroductionto informationtechnology. Theconference’aimwasto lookat thelevels of informationtechnology adoptedby schools.Theconferencedeliberatedon theeffectiveness of informationtechnologythatschooladministratorsintroduceto learners.Thewelfarealsodeliberationson whetherthistypeof technology bringsanychangein thelifeof students.Unlike thearticleI hadreviewed,thedeliberationsof thisconferencetouchedon all thelevels f educationfrom thelowestgradesto thehigherlearninginstitutions.Theconclusionsof theconferenceresolvedthatinformationtechnology is inevitablein schools.However, itisimperativeto controltechnologyuseto ensureitis in linewith thelearningobjectives(Tran et al., 2013).

Inconductingresearcho theeffectsof technology in education,I decidedto checkwhetherthecurrenteducationsystemis gettinga smoothintegrationinto theavailabletechnology with ease.I consultedan articlewrittenby Oshima andMuramatsu in 2013. Thearticlereviewedthecurrentsituationin Japan. Thesituationin Japan is a representationof everyothersituationin thewholeworld.Accordingto thisarticle,theeducationsystemis experiencingseveralhitcheshereandtherewhenever a newtechnology isintroduced.Therateat which thecurriculum is gettinga changeis not equivalentto therateof technological advancements.Te articleconcludesby recommendingtheembracing of a dynamiccurriculum that givesroomto learnersto usetheavailabletechnology (Oshima &ampMuramatsu, 2013).

Thefindingsanddiscussion

FromthevariousmaterialsI read,I foundout thatthere are variousadvantagesanddisadvantagesbroughtabout by technology in theeducationsector.Since thesecamefrom reliablesources,I believetheyare a genuinerepresentationof all theregions.

Firsttechnology has madetheavailability of informationeasier.Studentsconductingresearchcan consultvariousplatformson theInternet wheretheyfindinformationon anytopicof their interest.Peoplewhoconductresearchupload theyworkon theinternet wherebyotherscholars can review it.Whenstudyingabout a certaintopic,studentscan comparethesituationin their homecountrywith thatof anothercountrysince theinformationis readilyavailable.Before theinnovationof computersandtheinternet, studentshadto spendampletimein thelibrariesperusingpageslookingfortherelevantinformation.Theapproachwastime-consuming andtiresome.Technology has madeiteasierto perusethousands of pagesonline within a shortperiod.Studentsnowenjoyunlimitedaccesst informationmostof which is freeandtheotheris availablethrough a verysmallsubscription(Buckingham, 2013).

Ialsofoundout thattechnology playsa verycriticalrolein sharingof informationwith studentsin differentpartsof theworld.Mostly,studentsmeetin lecturehallsandafter thateachgetengagedin their dailychores.Whendoingtheir assignments,theydonot haveto cometogetherphysically.Discussionstakeplaceonline wherebystudentsshareinformation.Technology has, therefore,erasedthebarrierbias.Spaceandtimenolongerlimitthenumberof peoplewhocan engagein a discussion.Studentsonlyneedto agreeon whento getonline anddotheir discussions.Itwould not b possibleifstudentsdidnot embracetechnology. Itis alsoimportantto tutors.Whenever heldup somewhereorduring their out-of-school hours,theycan stillassisttheir students(Aydin, 2012). Ateachercan holdclassesonline andgivenotes.I takethisto be one of themostpleasingfacesof technology in educationinstitutions.

Duringthesearchforinformation,I discoveredthattechnology in educationinstitutionsis integratedevenin thelowestlevels of learning.Learnersareacquaintedwith theuseof computersandotherdevicesat a veryyoungage.In developedcountries,itis doneto childrenwhoare in thesecondgradeorevenlower.In thedeveloping countries,theintroductionis delayeddue to financialconstrictions(Buckingham &ampWillet, 2013). In thelowergrades,technology is beingin useto developthechildren’scognitive abilities.Insteadof playingfancycomputergames,childrenusecertainapplicationsto helpthem in their pronunciation,countingandevendoingsimplearithmetic. ThearticlesI readprovedthisa moreeffectivewayof learningprovidedthechildrenare givenenoughsupportandguidance(Blackwell et al., 2013).

Ialsodiscoveredan emerging trendin educationthat is aidedby technology. Manystudentsare nowusingthedistancelearningapproacht getdegreesfrom differentinstitutionsof learningaround theglobe.Through technology, theycan submittheir applicationst overseasuniversitiesmakepaymentsandattendonline classesanddiscussions.Theapproachenablesmorepeopleto getdegreesnot offeredin their homecountries.Itis alsoveryeffectivesince itis in casesof peoplewith tightschedules.Suchpeoplecan attendclassesanytimetheyare freenomattertheir geographicallocation.

However,my researchalsofoundout thetechnology in learninginstitutionscomeswith its shareof shortcomings.First,theuseof technology in schoolsis on thevergeof becomingoverloaded.Asthesayinggoesthattoomuchof everything is poisonous,studentsare nowmisusingthetechnology to an extentof not concentrationanymorein class.Forexample,whenmakingdiscussionsonline orwhenholdingan online classwith theteacher,somestudentsmay usethechanceto talkto their friends.Theycan shareinformationthat is not in anywayrelevantto theclassthat is goingon. I believethatsuchdistractioncan renderthatintentionof such a platformfruitless.There is a needforpersonaldisciplineforstudentswhenever theyare usingtechnology.

Secondly,studentcan nowgetanyinformationtheir needby justpushinga tab.Longgoneare thedayswhenstudentsusedto spendtimein librariesperusinghundredsof pages.Technology enablesstudentsto filtertheonlyinformationtheyneedfrom thousands of articles.Thecriticalthinkingandanalyticalskillsthat studentshadare fadingby theday.Technology has maderesearcheasy.Studentscan eventypequestionsonline, get previous answers from different students, andsubmitthem as their answers.I notedthatthetypeof mindsthetechnology is constructing might not dosowellin reallifeexperienceswherebyanswersfrom theinternet are not available(Wouters etal., 2013).

Ialsocameacross theissueof plagiarismandthewaytechnology enhancesit.Previously,I wasnot awareof thehighlevels of technology in theworldandits effectson theoriginalityof documents.I onlyknewitas an academicdishonestythat studentsneedto avertthemselves. ThedocumentsI referredto ledme to a conclusionthatmanystudentsare makingundueadvantageto copytheworkof otherpeopleandpresentitas their own.Theinformationis availableonline andis accessibleto everyone. Themisuseof technology is promotinga cultureof lazinessandacademicdishonesty(Wonget al., 2015). Institutionsthat donot regulatetheworkthat studentshandin may be gettinga lotof unoriginal assignmentsandprojects.

Conclusion

Intoday’sworld,one cannot dowithout technology. Thechangingtrendsin communicationcallforadoptionof newdeviceseverytimesomething newcomesup. I believethatnone of thesesectorsin anyeconomycan livein alienationwith theothersectors.To bringa harmoniousplatform,technology adoptionneedsadoptionat fairlythesameratesin all thesectors.Theeducationsectoris one of therichestfieldsbecausethepeoplefoundin thisagebracketare dynamic.Theyalsocan learnfaston howto usedifferentdevices.Technology has broughtmany positiveleaps in educationas I havediscussedabove.Thefewchallengesthat havecomewith itare solvablethrough guidanceandpersonaldiscipline.

Iwould, therefore,recommendthatstudentsgetexposedto anytechnology deemedas importantandusefulin their education.However,I would stronglyrecommendthatas educatorsintroducethistechnology, theywould haveto conducta lotof mentoring andguidancefrom an earlyagein theusageof online platforms.Acultureof responsibletechnology useneedscultivationto avoidthelearnersdefyingtheintendeduseof suchinnovations.Theideawould helpsolvingthechallengesbroughtabout by technology.

References

Aydin,S. (2012). A review of research on Facebook as an educationalenvironment. Educationaltechnology research and development,60(6),1093-1106.

Blackwell,C. K., Lauricella, A. R., Wartella, E., Robb, M., &amp Schomburg, R.(2013). Adoption and use of technology in early education: Theinterplay of extrinsic barriers and teacher attitudes. Computers&amp Education,69,310-319.

Buckingham,D. (2013). Beyondtechnology: Children`s learning in the age of digital culture.John Wiley &amp Sons: New York.

Buckingham,D., &amp Willett, R. (Eds.). (2013). Digitalgenerations: Children, young people, and the new media.Routledge: New York.

Hamidi,F., Meshkat, M., Rezaee, M., &amp Jafari, M. (2011). Informationtechnology in education. ProcediaComputer Science,3,369-373.

Oshima,K., &amp Muramatsu, Y. (2015). Current Situation and Issues Relatedto ICT Utilization in Primary and Secondary Education. FUJITSUSci. Tech. J,51(1),3-8. FUJITSUSci. Tech. J,51(1),3-8.

Schmid,R. F., Bernard, R. M., Borokhovski, E., Tamim, R. M., Abrami, P. C.,Surkes, M. A., … &amp Woods, J. (2014). The effects of technologyuse in postsecondary education: A meta-analysis of classroomapplications. Computers&amp Education,72,271-291.

Tran,S. T., Le Ngoc Thanh, N. Q. B., &amp Phuong, D. B. (2013).Introductionto information technology.Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, MA, US:Proceedings of the 9th International CDIO Conference: June 2013.

Wong,B. Y. Y., Wong, B. T. M., &amp Pang, S. (2015). A Framework forEffectiveness of Institutional Policies on Technology-EnhancedLearning. In Technologyin Education. Transforming Educational Practices with Technology(pp. 175-186). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Wouters,P., Van Nimwegen, C., Van Oostendorp, H., &amp Van Der Spek, E. D.(2013). A meta-analysis of the cognitive and motivational effects ofserious games. Journalof Educational Psychology,105(2),249.