EMOTION AND MOTIVATION CASE ANALYSIS 4
Emotionand Motivation Case Analysis
Emotionand Motivation Case Analysis
Inpsychology, several theories have been put across to in an attempt tounderstand motivation among individuals. Motivation is the drivingforce that enables and guides people towards their goals. In otherwords, motivation is the driving force that helps individuals inperforming well during exams, get promotion at work and so forth. Thedriving force behind attain these goals can be emotional, social,biological or cognitive (Morris& Maisto, 2013).Researchers have proposed several theories in explaining motivation.These theories include: the intrinsic and extrinsic theory ofmotivation, the arousal theory, the incentive theory and the drivetheory. In this essay, the writer will discuss two theories by usingtwo employees as an illustration of the arousal and extrinsictheories of motivation. In addition, the author will highlight whatemotions might influence their motivation as well as whyorganizations need to have knowledge of motivational theories in theworkplace.
Accordingto the arousal theory of motivation, individuals are driven toperform in order to maintain a given optimum level of arousal.Psychological arousal levels vary from one individual to another. Inother words, some people may have high arousal needs while othersmight have low levels. People with arousal levels might engage insimple activities to maintain their arousal levels while those withhigh arousal levels might need to engage in thrilling activities tomaintain their levels (Cherry,2015).In this case, Joe is a classic example of an employee who ismotivated through the arousal theory. This is because he enjoys whathe does and even goes out to help out other employees in order tokeep his arousal levels high. He is always motivated by work and hasa hard time at work when there is not much to do at work. Emotionsplay a role in motivating an individual. For the case of Joe, hemight feel sad that he did not achieve his goals at work due to hislow performance at work and he might decide to go out-doors rechargehis energy levels in an effort to maintain his arousal levels.
Intrinsicand extrinsic motivation can be described as behavioral motivation.Intrinsic motivation results from engaging in behaviors that areinwardly rewarding. For example, completing a given an activity suchas reading a novel or engaging in a sporting activity are goodexamples of intrinsic motivation. Extrinsic motivation on the otherhand refers to engaging in an activity in order to avoid punishmentor earn a reward. Shannon’s case is a good illustration ofextrinsic motivation (Novella,2014).This is because her primary goal for the year is to be the employeeof the year. This accolade comes with rewards such as having a cashbonus as well as a preferred parking space for the employee.Shannon’s motivation is to get nominated for the employee award inthe annual dinner and she has a clear and definite plan on how sheplans to achieve this goal. For Shannon, emotions can either make orbreak her career at the company. For example, if Shannon wins thenomination at the end of the year she might work even harder to earna second nomination in the following year.
Organizationsneed to have knowledge of the subject of motivation because they canuse this as a tool to enhance their employee’s performance in theworkplace. Understanding what motivation theories are applicable toeach employee can help channel their energies in the right way andcan help solve issues that would be directed to the human resourcedepartment.
Cherry,K. (2015). TheArousal Theory of Motivation.Retrieved March 14, 2015, from About.com:http://psychology.about.com/od/motivation/a/arousal-theory-of-motivation.htm
Morris,C. G., & Maisto, A. A. (2013). UnderstandingPsychology.New York: Pearson.
Novella,T. (2014, May 12). TheDifference Between Intrinsic Motivation & Extrinsic Motivation.Retrieved March 14, 2015, from Livestrong:http://www.livestrong.com/article/174305-the-difference-between-intrinsic-motivation-extrinsic-motivation/