Essay Essay



Part1: Write down three questions about something that Zubok writes thatyou either don’t understand or would like to understand better.

  1. What are the factors that influenced intellectual and cultural rebirth in Russia in the 1960s?

  2. What are the impacts of intellectual and cultural development in Russia?

  3. How did intellectual advancement in Russia affects it relations with other nation in the 1960s?


(“Afteronly a few uncertain years of the Thaw, of partial opening to theoutside world, under the conditions of a still powerful posttotalitarian regime and a decimated, traumatized, and fragmentedsociety, a small but growing number of educated Russians began todevelop a common self awareness, distinct from tat of the sovietmainstream” (Zubok, 2009, 163). )

Russiaunderwent some of the most trying times in the first half of the 20thcentury. This was as a result of global as well as internal conflictsthat affected social and economic stability in the massive country.Being one of the big players in the global affairs, the country wasaffected by the First and Second World Wars. Additionally, thecountry was faced by several domestic political problems resultinginto political revolutions. This resulted into deterioration in theintellectual advancement in the country. This had an impact oncitizenship in Russia as some intellectuals were forced out of thecountry. However, second half of the 20thcentury, the country experienced moderate political and socialstability, despite the ideological differences with the UnitedStates. This resulted into rebirth of intellectual and culturaldevelopment in Russia. The emergence of educated Russians in the late1950 and 1960s, although relatively small in number, initiated themassive socioeconomic and technological developments thatcharacterized Russia in the late 20thcentury. This has reversed the situation because this has luredintellectuals to seek Russian citizenship. The factors thatinfluenced the rebirth of intellectual and cultural development haveattracted a lot of interest from scholars.


Zubok,V. M. (2009). Zhivago`schildren: the last Russian intelligentsia,Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.