GANGSTERS WITHOUT BOARDERS 3
Inthe book “Gangsterswithout Boarders,”the author T.W Ward explores the life of a gang in the United Statesand the same perspective in the global context. Ward achieved thisexploration by basing his book on his observation of the MaraSalvatrucha (M-13) gang. He observed the M-13 gang for eightand half months, so as to give him the insight on the local as wellas the global features of gangs.
Inchapter one, Ward explores the trauma of war and the concept ofviolence as perceived by gangs. This is one of the most importantthings that the chapter discusses in a bid to expose the reader tothe context of gangs. Secondly, the chapter gives the reasons aperson is introduced to a gang. By taking the case of José Amaya,Ward presents the intentions and circumstances for joining aging.Thirdly, the chapter explains how a gang operates as a family andwhat keeps them close for one cause. Fourthly, the chapter introducesthe methodology for the research that Ward adopted in exploring thelife of an American gang and contextualizing it to global gangs.
Thesecond chapter presents the beauty and good memories that exist in agang, as seen in the early life of José Amaya in the M-13.Secondly, the chapter explores the horrible moments of a gang asexperienced by Jose. Ward also presents the experiences of terror inthe streets and the experiences of such a gang at home. The nextchapter presents hard times that every gang member faces in thecourse of their operations. The chapter explores the process ofbuilding trust and development of union among the people in the gangso as they can form a family. The other important thing in thechapter is the process and significance of making a decision in agang.
Inthe next chapter, Ward explores the transformation of a person from aprey of the gang to a predator. He explores the leadership structureof a street gang and the leadership style. By examining who calls theshots for a gang, Ward presents anarchy as the main style ofcollective leadership for a gang. Moreover, the chapter presentstattooing as a main characteristic of the gangster identity.
Thepreceding chapter focuses on the role of girls in a gang. The chapterpresents them as informers and people who cannot be trusted at thesame time. In the chapters, Ward presents the element of masculinityin a gang where dating and relationships play a role. However, thegang members try not to lose the focus of their group or commitmentto the group. According to Ward, gang members take dating as a toolof information gathering and also a risk. In the chapter, Ward alsoexplores the experiences of pregnancy and motherhood for women whoare part of the gang.
Inthe closing chapters, Ward explores the heroism that comes along witha gang. He also describes how the gang members live a fast life thatleads to early death. In addition, Ward explores the risks of being agang member as he lives in a constant realm of enemies. According tothe external enemy of a gang member is as risky as the internalenemy, especially when exiting the gang. Ward concludes theinsightful book by exploring the processes and consequences ofexiting a gang, and the intervention alternatives for such gangmembers. This makes the book not only insightful, but also relevantfor the global context in regard to the life of gangs.