GMO FOODS 5
Genetic engineering is a specific technique, which scientists employin introducing innovative characteristics to an organism (FDA,n.d). There are many purposes of genetically engineering crops. Theincrease in global population could results in global hunger, whichmakes the use of GMO a major promise in reducing such massive hunger.The technique applies in the creation of plant species that arecapable of resisting weeds, crop pests and different illnesses(Forman, 2010). GMO results in the production of greater yields,which creates more effective land use. In addition, GMO is effectivein improving food texture as well as nutritional value. The purposeof genetically modifying animals is to create animals that have moreproteins and economical. For instance, GMO sheep are capable ofproducing milk that contains the protein IX, which is a bloodclotting aspect that may be employed in treating haemophilia (Forman,2010). Another purpose is to create animals that are better in termsof productivity and can resist illnesses. Illustrations are cowsproducing more milk, or sheep with more wool (Forman, 2010).
GMOs production happens through scientific techniques, which involverecombining DNA technology as well as reproductive cloning (Forman,2010). The technology of reproductive cloning results in thegeneration of genetically identical offspring to parents throughtransmitting a donor nucleus to the enucleated cytoplasm. RecombiningDNA entails inserting of one or many genes from a single speciesorganism to the DNA of a different organism (Forman, 2010). Entirereplacing of the genome including the transplanting of a singlebacterial genome to the cytoplasm of a different microorganism, alsoresults in producing GMO though the procedure is still restricted tofundamental scientific uses.
Close to 70% of foods found in supermarkets, have GMO ingredientsinvolving those made from GMO crops or animals (Kelly, 2012). Thesefoods involve corn. It is the main crop planted in America and closeto 88% of the corn is GMO. Apart from being a food product, GMO cornis a staple food for animals (Kelly, 2012). The animals’ meat isalso sold in supermarkets. Most soy is GMO, which is a staple offoods that processed under several names like emulsifiers, proteinsand hydrogenated oils. Cottonseed is another GMO food product.Cottonseeds from cotton are for producing vegetable oil or in fryingfoods like potato chips. Farmers feed their cows with alfafa. Thecows produce the meat, milk, yogurt and butter available fromsupermarkets making alfafa another GMO product, which is available inmost foods. Most of the sugar sold in America is extracted from sugarbeets, and since sugar beets are GMO, it only means that sugar is aproduct of the technology. GMO sugar beets make up 90% of the cropmeaning most of the sugar purchased from the supermarket is a resultof GMO (Kelly, 2012). Largely available in supermarkets is canolatraced in canola cooking oil, which is genetically modified. Tomatoeswere amid the first GMO food products and are sold in supermarkets inlarge quantities in line with most GMO vegetables.
It is not feasible to wind up on the safety of GMOs. Environmentalmovement activists demonstrate concern that the foods may permeate tothe world and change ecosystems. A different concern is thepossibility of the genes undergoing gene transfer via bacterialvectors, ending up in unintended organisms. More researchdemonstrates that GMO foods are unsafe for human consumption.Canadian studies have triumphantly demonstrated the availability ofpesticides linked with GMO in fetal, maternal, as well as the bloodof women that are not pregnant (Walia, 2014). The research alsodetected the availability of Monsanto’s Bt toxin (Walia, 2014).Becoming aware of the real concentration of GMO foods in human beingsis a basis for supposing that the foods may not be safe. The researchusing blood samples of pregnant females and those not pregnantdepicted that the fetus is greatly prone to the unfavorablexenobiotics of chemical substances traced to GMO foods (Walia, 2014).It is possible for the DNA of GMO foods to transfer into peopleconsuming the products. Studies insist the availability of ampleproof to depict that meal-derived DNA portions have genes, which maytransfer to the human circulatory system via unrecognized methods(Walia, 2014). Gluten disorders affecting almost eighteen million UScivilians are a result of human consumption of GMOs, because GMOproducts might activate disorders that are gluten-linked, involvingceliac illness (Walia, 2014).
GMO foods ought to meet safety prerequisites stipulated in theFederal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, which applies to foodsubstances obtained from traditional plant breeds (FDA, n.d).FDA endorses those that develop GMO foods to confer with the agencyprior to product marketing. The consultation is helpful in validatingthe procedure required in ensuring foods are lawful and safe. Thedeveloper creates a safety evaluation that involves identifying ofdifferentiating traits of advent genetic characteristics, if anyadvent material in products derived from GMO foods may becontaminated, or cause allergies when consumed (FDA, n.d). FDAscientists access the safety evaluation and important information,which is accessed via published science literature, as well as FDA’spersonal records. Consultations are concluded after FDA’s group ofscientists demonstrates content with the safety evaluation of thedeveloper (FDA, n.d).
FDA. (n.d). FDA’s role in regulating safety of GE Foods.Retrieved from: http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm352067.htm
Forman, L. E. (2010). Geneticallymodified foods. Edina,Minn: ABDO Publication.
Kelly, M. (2012). Top 7 genetically modified crops. Huff PostGreen, 1-1. Retrieved from: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/margie-kelly/genetically-modified-food_b_2039455.html
Walia, A. (2014). Ten scientific studies prove that geneticallymodified food can be harmful to human health. Global Research,1-1. Retrieved from:http://www.globalresearch.ca/ten- scientific-studies-proving-gmos-can-be-harmful-to-human-health/5377054