Inthe contemporary society, all properties are encouraged to provideecosystem goods and services to the environment, which helps in theprotection of the environment. Organizations can achieve this byproviding medical services, food, water, raw materials, geneticresources, and decorative resources. In relation to regulation, theyshould provide services that help in regulating the climate,biological, and biochemical processes. The cultural services can beprovided through knowledge, recreation, spiritual reflection, andrelaxation[ CITATION Vos13 l 1033 ].This paper will focus on the provision services provided by HalifaxShubenacadie Canal and the benefits experienced by the residents andvisitors of that area and it will provide recommendations forimprovement.
Inthe nineteenth and twentieth century in Canada, Halifax ShubenacadieCanal was one of the main means of transport in Canada, but after theconstruction of a railway, Halifax as a property changed its role toproviding quality water to the public and protecting theenvironment[ CITATION Bis11 l 1033 ].This has made the propertysuccessful because it receives a lot of income from tourists andresidents who go to admire the nature of the environment there andalso enjoy themselves trough the activities organized by theproperty. People also learn about the property the importance ofprotecting the environment.
Descriptionof the property
The is located in the heart of Dartmouth andits address is 140 Alderney
DrDartmouth, NS B2Y. The map providing direction to the property hasbeen provided below, including a photograph showing the nature of theplace.
The has may turtles, which acts as a symbol ofnature and of wildlife in Nova Scotia. It also has a yard layout thathas a narrow rolling fairways and small undulating greens. It alsohas five island small systems. All these enhance people’s awarenessabout protection of the environment. This improves the image of theproperty and it increases its competitive advantage in the industry.
Theproperty is responsible for managing and monitoring variousactivities, which may have an effect on the quality of water in orderto satisfy their customers throughout the municipality. It achievesthis through the development of protection zones Zone 1 is known asan area of maximum risk for well and groundwater. All potentialcontaminants such as chemicmicrobial contaminations should be handledwith care in this area. Zone 2 is used to provide protection againstall chemical related contaminants such as petroleum. Finally, Zone 3is used to protect the water against mobile contaminants that arepersistent such as nitrates and chlorinated solvents[ CITATION Hal10 l 1033 ].
WhyI chose the property
Ichose because for me it is a good exampleof a property that provides ecosystem goods and services to thepublic, which helps in the protection of the environment. It has afive island small system, which enhances people’s awareness aboutprotection of the environment. It provides quality water to thepeople of the municipality by ensuring it manages all activitiesinvolved in providing quality water. The property uses ground wateras the main source of water for drinking for one commercial customer,and nine residential customers.
Acalculation of the natural area of the property, as a percentage ofits overall reported area
Theproperty is divided into 3 zones Zone one, two, and three. Zone onehas most of the land undeveloped, which is forested and has a smallhighway of 0.3 km. Approximately zone one covers an area of 5 ha(12.4 acres) and it has a water supply well occupying most of thearea. Trecan Combustion Ltd, which is an industrial developmentproperty, is in this zone and it occupies 0.4 ha of the land in thiszone. Zone two occupies approximately 23 ha (56.6 acres). Watersupply well, two commercial businesses and two private residences arelocated in zone two. Zone three, which covers approximately 107 ha(277 acres) contains the remainder of groundwater that is related tothe Five Island wellhead. The zone has a residential subdivision,which is composed of 108 residential properties.
Thetotal area occupied by is approximately135 ha. The natural land occupies approximately 97, which is 71.9percent of the total land. The remaining 38 ha is used forcommercial, residential, community and resource activities. Thisallows commercial activities to be undertaken such as establishmentof shops, stores, and medical clinics. This enables the business todiversify into the production of other beneficial services that maybe needed.
Anaudit of all categories of EGS
Halifaxprovides a lot of EGS which are important for human activity. Thefirst category of EGS is that which provide health and socialbenefits, such as education and recreation opportunities. Theproperty provides education opportunities to the visitors andemployees on how to protect the environment. A recreation opportunityis evidenced when visitors and residents enjoy themselves by taking awalk in the parks or woods. The second category is that whichprovides benefits to people such as the clean water that peopledrink, air that we breathe, fish, and nutrients that activates allthings to grow. The forest provides air and raw materials that we useand the underground water are a useful supply of clean water for theresidents and visitors[ CITATION Rul99 l 1033 ].
Benefitsthat are experienced by residents/visitors
Bothvisitors and residents benefit from the activities of the HalifaxShubenacadie Canal. In relation to the visitors, the Dartmouthwaterfronts provide a number of opportunities for them for examplethe visitors can hike the harbor walk trail, which involves goingthrough the Alderney Landing to the ferry terminal in the woods.Visitors are also offered with boat tours across the harbor. Theproperty usually organizes seasonal golf games known as H2O Golf andit provides an opportunity for visitors to win some prizes. There arealso bicycle tours for visitors and this is the best way visitorsexperience Halifax. Finally, the presence of turtles acts as a symbolof nature and of wildlife, thus enhancing people’s awareness aboutprotection of the environment[ CITATION Ada13 l 1033 ].
Residentsalso receive various benefits from the activities of Halifax. First,the residents are provided with clean water, which then prevents themfrom diseases that are caused by dirty water thus promoting healthyliving among the residents. Second, the residents are provided withemployment opportunities in the property, which then improves theirliving standards. Third, residents benefit from the well-built roadsby the property, thus improving their accessibility to various areasof the city. Finally, the activity of the property of improving theenvironment increases the knowledge of the residents on how toprotect the environment.
Despitethe benefits the property provides to its residents and visitorsthrough protection of the environment, the property is alsoexperiencing some problems which are posed by the followingactivities:
Throughmining and agriculture, the waters are likely to be contaminated bychemicals used in agriculture such as pesticides. This contaminationis likely to reduce the quality of water provided to the residentsand visitors. The residents and visitors may become sick as a resultof drinking the water thus destroying the image of the property andreducing customer loyalty. Mining on the other side may distract thesoil, which will make the water dirty and unsafe for drinking[ CITATION Raw05 l 1033 ].
Forestryareas acts as water catchment areas and it is very important forwater filtration despite the shallow soils of the area. Forestryposes a problem to the property in that it hinders the maintenance ofhealthy vegetative cover because it blocks the crops from receivingquality sunlight. The trees also take in a lot of water which mayprevent crops from getting enough water. It is also hard to developland around the area because of the roots which absorbs a lot ofwater making the ground dry and hard.
PublicRoads and Highways
Accidentspills that occur from traffic accidents especially from oil tankersmay cause contamination to water and affect the groundwater quality.The activities in public roads and highways may also lead to radde-icing salts, which may increase the chloride concentration ofgroundwater over time. If chloride concentration exceeds the acceptedlevels then the quality of water provided to the residents andvisitors will be of poor quality. Finally, accidents on thesehighways distract the activities of the property because the propertyhas an obligation to help the victims as a social responsibility.
Theproperty lacks easy access to the well and pumping stations becausethey have to go through private residential properties. Despitemaintaining a locked gate leading to these areas some residents andtheir children still get accesses, which may be dangerous for thewater because they can play with the water thus contaminating it.Thesecurity gate had to be removed because it had occupied some part ofthe road, which provided access to all people. This also poses a riskto the quality of water provided because anything can be thrown tothe water contaminating it.
Recommendationsof how EGS could be improved
Inrelation to EGS that provide health and social benefits, Halifaxshould ensure that it employs individuals who have specialized inenvironmental protection in order to guide the property on whatshould be done and also educate residents and visitors on theimportance of protecting the environment. They should also increasethe number of animals in the parks in order to increase thesatisfaction of clients as they walk through the parks and the woods.This will increase people’s awareness about protection of theenvironment, as they will be able to see the importance of protectingthe environment.
Inrelation to EGS that provides benefits to people, Halifax as aproperty should ensure that more trees are planted and if cut shouldbe replaced in order improve on the freshness of the air we breathe.In order to improve the quality of water provided to the public theproperty should monitor activities such as agricultural and mining,recreation, controlled access and public roads and highways in orderto avoid contaminations which will affect the quality of water.Through all these recommendations, the property is able to improveits EGS this will improve its image, and the property will be morecompetitive in the industry.
Allorganizations are encouraged to provide ecosystem goods and servicesto the environment, which helps in the protection of the environmentjust like Halifax which has may turtles that acts as a symbol ofnature and of wildlife in Nova Scotia and attracts tourists to thecountry. The property also provides quality water to the communityand residents through the management of various activities that leadto production of clean water. The property provides a variety of EGSsuch as education, recreation activities air that we breathe, cleanwater and nutrients that make all things grow.
Thenatural land of the property occupies more than 70% of the totalreported land proving that the company has invented a lot ofresources in protecting the environment. Residents and visitorsbenefit a lot from the property for example, the visitors can hikethe harbor walk trail, and the residents are provided withemployment, which improves their living standards. While providingthese benefits, the property experiences a lot of problems, whicharise through activities such as recreation, forestry, agricultural,mining, and public roads and highways which may contaminate the waterand reduce its quality. All other organizations in the world areurged to embrace this example of protecting the environment so asteach people about the importance of protecting the environment.
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