Hochschild’s support of Quinn: Living Culture in the ModernWorld
Quinn coins the term “Leavers” for cultures that live in the waythat past tribal cultures used to before the dawn of civilization.According to him, the fundamental principle for this way of life isthat humans belong to the world, and not the other way round.Secondly, he says that the “Takers” culture is one whichpractices modern civilization. Quinn says that the guiding principlefor the Taker Culture is that the world belongs to the humans. In themodern day world, a majority of the communities are Takercommunities. Therefore, according to Quinn, the main differencebetween the Leavers and the Takers is that the former value socialsupport, while the latter are materialistic.
InHochschild’s story, the elements of giver and taker cultures arewell demonstrated. In the community, there are those people who wouldsupport others, regardless of the favor they will be expectingimmediately, however, with the knowledge that they would also receivesuch support should they have been in a similar situation. However,in the modern society, it is almost impossible to find a purely Giveror a purely Taker society. Gwen, a mother who takes her child to theday care, demonstrates characteristics of both a giver and a taker.As she takes the child to the day care, she buys her a fudge-bar,which is a characteristic of a taker society, materialistic. She usesproducts to win her child’s corporation. At the same time, Gwenfeels like she has not given enough time to her child. She perhapshas this feeling given that she expects the child to support her bygiving her time when she ages. This is characteristic of a Leaversociety.
Hochschilduses an example of an American family to support Quinn’s ideologyabout mother culture. According to Hochschild, satisfaction levelsbetween women who work at home and those who work outside the homeare different. Those who work at home value the principles of theLeaver society, in that they appreciate more the time and supportthey receive from family and friends. On the other hand, those whowork away from home value the pay and material support they receivefrom the society. Despite the fact that both consider the value oftheir effort into ensuring that things work well for them and forthose around them, there are sharp contrasts to the extent to whicheach strives to do it.
At the same time Hochschild asserts that forces at work and home fuelthem manner in which the workers and their bosses relate. In thecontemporary American society, the managers feel that they have tocoerce the workers to perform better, regardless of the implicationsthis has on their personal feelings. This highlights Quinn’sthoughts of the way in which Mother Culture works. The Taker culturehas taken over the manner in which modern society thinks andoperates, and most feel that as long as they get certain products,they can be in a position of making more products. In a tribalculture setting, there would be mutual support between the workersand their bosses. However, the move by modern participativemanagement techniques of encouraging workers to make their owndecisions satisfies Quinn’s perception that forces of the takerculture have influenced modern thinking, however to delicate andprejudiced measures.