NUCLEAR CASE AND HOMELAND SECURITY 4
HomelandSecurity: Nuclear Case
HomelandSecurity: Nuclear Case
Thehomeland security of the United States involves several agencies,each with a unique role. However, all the agencies work together toachieve the intended goal of securing the country. In dealing withthe case of a bomb attack at a nuclear facility or a nuclearaccident, such cooperation would be inevitable in the form of amulti-agency response. One of the agencies that would take the leadis the Nuclear Incident Response Team, NIRT. This agency would leadin responding to the threat of radiation and advising other agencieson the best response plan. The agency would also provide expertinformation on the investigation about the incident and methods ofreducing the damage.
TheDomesticEmergency Support Teams will take the role of analyzing the situationand advise on the best emergency assistance the agencies would giveto the people involved and affected by the crisis. The advice wouldbe expert and provision of technical support to the victims andrescue teams. Another agency is the Environmental MeasurementsLaboratory,whose mandate would be to assess the extent of harm that the nuclearincident would have on the environment (White, 2013). The otheragency would be the FederalEmergency Management Agency that would explore the best methods ofmanaging the incident. The agency will also provide expert advice tothe federal government on the impact of the incident on the entirecountry.
Inaddition, the Federal Bureau of Investigations will be involved inthe response team as they will investigate the cause of the incident.If it is a bomb attack, they would want to collect all the possibleinformation they can get for forensic analysis so as to bring theculprits to justice. Other agencies include the local policedepartment, EnergySecurity and Assurance Programand medical agencies (White, 2013). All these agencies will becoordinated by the department of the homeland security as a way ofpromoting interagency collaboration and avoidance of duplication ofduties.
Theinteragency collaboration needed in the nuclear situation would besharing of information among all the authorized agencies involved.The agencies will need to establish a structured communicationstrategy that will keep all those involved in the response planinformed of the dangers, causes and steps to be taken. In addition,the agencies involved should also support each other with technicalfacilities that will facilitate the functions of the other. Accordingto White (2013), this will allow the investigators and the respondersto execute their duties effectively and efficiently, and in line withthe mandate of the department. Moreover, the agencies in the responseteam will collaborate in intelligence gathering so as to prevent theoccurrence of such a case in the future.
Sucha nuclear mishap causes diverse types of health risks. One of therisks is long term health conditions that are caused by radioactivematerials. According to Murray and Holbert (2014), the main commonhealth conditions that are risked by exposure to nuclear radioactivematerial include cancer and leukemia. In addition, a nuclear mishapexposes people to the risk of instant death, especially those livingaround the nuclear facilities. The risk is because radioactivematerial from the environment causes death of body cells when peopleare exposed to them (Murray & Holbert, 2014). Moreover, exposureto nuclear radioactive may lead to DNA mutation, leading the rise ofabnormally formed human beings. These risks give a strong reason whythe interagency response to nuclear disasters is critical and shouldbe well coordinated through the Department of Homeland Security.
Murray,R., & Holbert, K.E. (2014). NuclearEnergy: An Introduction to the Concepts, Systems, and Applications ofNuclear Processes.Amsterdam:Elsevier B.V
White,R.L. (2013). TheUnited States Department of Homeland Security. Burbank:CW Productions LLC