Impact of HIV 5
The reality today about HIV is that it does not select anyone.Studies in the United States, (Department of Health and HumanService, 2003) shows that HIV/AIDS affects people of all races thoughthe impact varies from group to group. It is approximated that 14%blacks makes up the US population and of this, in 2008, 46% hadHIV/AIDS while in 2009, 44% were newly affected. 16% of the Latinogroup is in US and statistics shows that in 2008, an estimate of 17%of the population was affected while in 2009, 20% were sick. Bygender and ethnicity, in 2009, for males, the blacks were highlyaffected, followed by the Latinos then lastly the whites. Forfemales, the same applied with the blacks being the majorityaffected, then the Latinos and finally the whites. The number ofLatino men and women newly infected was two and half and four andhalf respectively greater than that of whites as demonstrated by thefigure below.
Figure 1: Estimated Rate of New HIV Infections in 2009 by Gender andEthnicity
(U.S. Department of Health and Human Service, 2013)
Nevertheless, the implementation of the community based program toprevent HIV/AIDS amongst these groups has been successful and hasborn positive results. This has been contributed by the considerationof the unique features of the traditions and culture of the minorityfolks. The impact of HIV/AIDS among the blacks and Latino group hasbeen estimated to be more complicated than in other racial groups andtherefore measures to prevent and treat the disease should be taken. High risk of HIV/AIDS varies among the races and studies shows thatwhile Latinos’ chances of infection increases rapidly, in Mexico,men are affected as a result of sexual intercourse while in PuertoRico, they are affected as a result of drug injection (Nierengarten,2010).
Wide range of problems among these groups has made the approachtowards treatment not to bear much fruits. Taking no step towardstreatment cannot help anything. Community based treatment programs onthe Latinos will help prevent the disease although according to JulioDicnt Taillapierre (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC],Atlanta, GA, USA) there is a challenge in getting the right HIV-prevention program for the Latino group which is necessary for theprevention of the deadly disease (Nierengarten, 2010).
From the sexual orientation perspective, the homosexual folks are ata high risk of infection although this varies from group to groupsuch as gay, bisexual and men who have sex with other men (MSM).Statistics shows that in US in 2009, 61% of the newly infected weremen who have sex with other men. They make up only 2% of the total USpopulation but they represent more than 50% of new HIV cases everyyear from 2006 to 2009. The US Department of Health and HumanService show that the figure rose to 61% in 2010.
HIV/AIDS infection increases rapidly to those who use injectiondrugs (IDU). Studies from the department show that users of thesedrugs represented 9% off the newly infected individuals in 2009 and17% of already affected in 2008. Estimates of the new HIV Infectionsin US in 2009 by transmission showed that the IDU represented 9%,MSM/IDU 3%, heterosexual 27% and MSM 61% as demonstrated by the graphbelow.
Figure2: Estimates of New HIV Infections in US in 2009 by TransmissionCategory
In the heterosexual category, focused community based approachaimed at delivering preventative measures has been put intoconsideration. If HIV/AIDS infection within the groups is to bereduced, the first approach to be taken is to identify and treatthose who are already affected.
Center for Disease Control. (2013). HIV and AIDS in America: Asnapshot. Retrieved fromhttp://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/newsroom/docs/HIV-and-AIDS-in-America-A-Snapshot-508.pdf.
Nierengarten, M. B. (2010). HIV/AIDS programmes for latinocommunities in the USA.The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 10(2),76.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Service. (2013). What isHIV/AIDS. Retrieved fromhttp://aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/hiv-aids-101/what-is-hiv-aids/.