Importance of Coral Reefs

Importanceof Coral Reefs

Importanceof Coral Reefs

Inrelation to EGS, this paper looks at what really coral reefs are andtheir importance not only to the aquatic species but human life aswell. Coral reefs are among the most different natural environmentson earth. As noted by Mora (2006), these structures are as well veryold and are composed of complex systems. They fall under the categoryof anthozoans, which is the largest class of Cnidaria phylum. Coralsprovide a protected environment as well as components necessary forphotosynthesis. In this case, coral reefs contain a mutual algainside their cells. Their relationship is a symbiotic one. There isone island that is in geographic area which facilitates the growth ofcoral reels (Wallace, 1999). This island is Moorea Island.

Coralreefs are of great importance to aquatic species and also human life.There are various things that can impact the growth and destructionof coral reefs (Wallace, 1999). There are natural impacts as well ashuman impacts that cause threat to reefs. As noted by Mora (2006),change in climate affects the ocean temperatures as well as supply ofnutrients and many other factors. From McKeown (2010), these eventsin turn have an impact on the manner that aquatic species survival.Aquatic organisms, to some extent, are responding more rapidly toclimate change by moving towards the poles thus altering aquatic foodwebs and causing an impact on animals and plants that are dependableon them (Riegl &amp Piller, 1999).

Bleachingof corals is one of the key impacts of climate change on our aquaticenvironment. Coral bleaching is basically the fading of coralsbecause of the loss of coloration within the symbiotic protozoa. Itis mostly caused by changes in temperatures and increase in oceanacidification. According to Mora (2006), as bleaching goes on due tostress-encouraged expulsion, the coral reef is made less buoyant tofuture environmental alterations. Rising in sea levels is anothernatural impact of climate change. Rising water levels will have anadverse impact on aquatic ecosystems (Riegl &amp Piller, 1999). Theamount of light reaching symbiotic plants could be minimized as theseasideenvironments are already being waterlogged. Oceans arebecoming more acidic after absorbing more carbon dioxide released byhuman activities (Hearn, 2001). This will continue to have a negativeimpact on coral reefs (Soliday, 2001).

Accordingto Soliday (2001), healthy coral reefs provide a home to over amillion different marine species, including fish. Destruction ofthese coral reefs will make most aquatic species lack a habitat.Coral reefs are also a source of income to many countries. They areused as ecotourism. They can as well be used as potential treatmentsfor several dangerous diseases. For instance, drugs such as AZT forHIV people is developed from chemicals found in coral reefs (McKeown,2010).

Outline

Abstract:

Anabstract will contain a brief explanation of the research. This partwill as well show the summary of what the paper will contain

Introduction:

  1. This part will start by introducing the topic, which iscoral reefs.

  2. I will as well briefly talk about the EGS Dependencies impacts. This part will as well mention an overview of coral reef

Body:

  1. This will be the commencing part which will elaborate how the coral reef comes to existence. This is where the paper will talk of how we can protect coral reefs and threats to reefs. The two parts of this section will be the natural impacts on coral reefs and human impacts on coral reefs.

  1. Change in climatic conditions normally leads to changing in ocean temperatures, the supply of nutrients, chemistry, food chains, wind systems and others which in turn affects not only distribution but abundance and migration of marine plants as well

  2. Coral bleaching affects the marine environment, especially reefs.

  3. Raising sea levels have an impact on coral reels. This is due to melting of glaciers and polar ice.

  4. Acidic oceans due to human activities causes harm to coral reefs

  5. Environmental problems will as well lead to threats to coral reefs.

  1. This second part of the body will explain the human impacts of coral reefs.

  1. The section will also explain various types of reefs in the world. What are the impacts of coral reefs not only to the environment but human activities as well

  2. I will elaborate how the coral reefs will impact fishery and ecotourism.

  3. I will analyze the nutrient loading or sewerage, overfishing, mangrove cutting, rubbish and litter, and chemical pollution in relation to coral reefs.

  4. I will look at the impact of coral reefs to the health of human beings and animals.

  1. This part will talk of the benefits of the coral reefs

  1. Healthy coral reefs are homes to millions of aquatic species

  2. Coral reefs are used as a source of income for a number of countries as fisheries and tourism industries.

  3. I will also say how coral reefs are medicinal to many illnesses.

  4. I will as well explain that coral reefs are served as food to many people.

References

Hearn,C. (2001). Introduction to the special issue of Coral Reefs on &quotCoralReef Hydrodynamics&quot CoralReefs,327-329.

McKeown,A. (2010, January 1). Coral Reefs under Threat. WorldWatch.

Mora,C. (2006, June 23). Coral reefs and the global network of marineprotected areas. (ECOLOGY). Science.

Riegl,B., &amp Piller, W. (1999). Coral frameworks revisited-reefs andcoral carpets in the northern Red Sea. CoralReefs,241-253.

Soliday,B. (2001, September 1). Monitoring Coral Reefs from Space. TheWorld and I.

Wallace,C. (1999). The Togian Islands: Coral reefs with a unique coral faunaand an hypothesised Tethys Sea signature. CoralReefs,162-162.