INTERPRETIVE OR PERSUASIVE ESSAY 4
Interpretiveor Persuasive Essay
Interpretiveor Persuasive Essay
Literaryworks have, since time immemorial formed a fundamental component ofthe human society. While there have been considerable modificationsin the styles and themes of the varied literary works, their aimshave always been to entertain and educate their audiences or readersparticularly on the ills that may be taking place in the societieswithin which the authors live. More often than not, the authors aimat inspiring the audience into taking an active stand against theiroppressors, thereby creating a more just society for all. This is thecase for George Orwell’s book “1984”.
Setin the dystopian society of Oceania, 1984 details the life of WinstonSmith, a lowly member of the ruling party. Of particular note is thefact that the Party controls every aspect of the lives of individualsin Oceania, watching every action through telescreeens (Orwell&Fromm,1961).Every person is expected to swear allegiance to the omniscient leaderof the Party, who is called Big Brother. Previously, Winston used towork in the Ministry of truth, with his task being the modificationand alteration of historical records so as to fit the Party’srequirements. However, this changes when he meets Julia, a dark whoprofesses her love for him. Unfortunately, their affair is notallowed and they run the risk of being caught and punished (Orwell&Fromm,1961).The progression of the affair affirms Winston’s hatred for theparty. Eventually, they are caught after a set up by O`Brien who theythought was a member of a rebel group called Brotherhood. After beingtortured for their “mistakes”, Winston`s resolve to fight for hislove gives in to his will to survive. This results in the end of hisfeelings for her, to such an extent that even when he later meets herafter being released to the outside world, he realizes that he doesnot have any feelings for her.
Ofcourse, the story has been subjected to numerous interpretations. Inmy view, however, it mainly aims at highlighting the efficacy oftotalitarian regimes in keeping their people down. Such regimessurvive on the elimination of the basic rights for their own citizensand decreasing the capability of the subjects to express themselvesfreely even in matters that would never be a threat to the existenceof the regime (Walder,2004).Key among the most effective strategies for sustaining oppressiveregimes is by constant surveillance as exemplified by the numeroustelescreens that ensure that the actions of every citizen arerecorded and monitored. This is complemented by the numerousportraits of the Big Brother, which create the impression that theBig Brother is watching every action of the individuals.
Similarly,it is clear that information plays a crucial role in the formation ofideas pertaining to what is right, as well as determining the valuesand rules by which individuals can live in a particular society(Walder,2004).This is the only reasonable explanation for the desire by the rulingparty to change the records of history and provide falsifiedinformation to people as it is clear that the nation has, in the pastsuffered numerous defeats in wars, something that the Party does notwish to let Oceania’s subjects to know (Walder,2004).The use of an individual’s life (Winston) allows the author to getthe story to unfold in a manner that is relatable to by the reader,thereby enabling readers to draw parallels to their own lives.
Orwell,G., & Fromm, E. (1961). 1984:A novel.New York, N.Y: Signet Classic.
Walder,D. (2004). Literaturein the modern world: Critical essays and documents.Oxford [u.a.: Oxford Univ. Press.