Invasive Cancer Incidence Report

INVASIVE CANCER INCIDENCE REPORT 3

InvasiveCancer Incidence Report

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Theinvasive cancerandincidencereportof 2011 indicatesa declinein thesurvivalratesin theUnited States of America. Thenumberof cancersurvivorswith five yearsafter diagnosisis on theincrease.Theincreasedsurvivalis attributable to theearlydiagnosesandsurveillancethat helpto identifyhigh-risk groupsandattendto them before thecanceradvances.

Theabovesuccessgetsachievedthrough theparticipationof keyplayerswhoplayvariousroles.Theseplayersare theCenter forDisease Control andPrevention (CDC) andtheUnited States cancerstatistics. CDC relies on data from thecancerstatistics, andthismakesiteasyto presentreportslike the2011 invasive cancerreport.OtherplayersincludetheNational Program forCancer Registries (NPCR) andNational Cancer Institute Surveillance (Henley et al., 2015).

Inthisreport,justiceis an importantpublichealthconcern.Itinvolvesprovidingequalaccessto medicalservicesforallpeoplein all thestates.Cancerincidenceamong theblacks is higherthan thatof thewhite. Thenumberof blacks whosurvivedafter a periodof five yearsafter diagnosiswas60% comparedwith 65% among eh whites (Henley et al., 2015). Thephenomenamay be explainedby thevaryinghealthseekingbehavioramong theblacks andthewhites.

Thetopicin thisreportrelateswellto thepracticeof surveillance.Itinvolvescollectinginformationabout a particulardiseaseandmakingfollow-ups of theidentifiedcases.Thereportindicatesthebenefitsreapedfrom identifyinghigh-risk groupsandensuringan earlydiagnosis.Afollowup of their healthstatushelpedin identifyingthenumberof peoplewhocontinueto surviveafter livingwith cancerforfive years.Thefruitsof surveillancelayemphasison earlydiagnosis.

References

Henley,J., Singh, D., King, J., Wilson, R., O’Neil, M., Ryerson, B.(2015). Invasive Cancer Incidence and Survival. Morbidityand Mortality Weekly Report,64 (9), 23-242.