Is participation a reality or a smoke screen? What evidence supports your view?

Isparticipation a reality or a smoke screen? What evidence supportsyour view?

Coreissuesthat affectchildren,andtheir developmenthavebeenpreviouslydocumentedin manyaspects,yearsof researchandobservationhavebeenspentlookingat theissuesconcerningthem. Theissueas to whetherchildrenparticipationis a genuineconcernover children’srightsora smokescreento appeasingtheinternationalcommunitythrough pitypartiesheldatconventionshasbeenhotplated. Thesupportersof participationas a realityhaveclaimedthatthechildrenhavetherightto beheard.Whereas,thosewhoarguetheparticipationto be a smokescreensaythattheparticipationshould focuson thecoreissuesaffectingchildrenandnot justprovidea platformforexpressionof anyotherfactors.Childrenparticipationis necessaryto ensuretheir rightsprotectionandtheir participationiscoreto futuredevelopment(Flekkøy,1997). Childrenparticipationis a realitysince there is theevidencethat,wherechildrenhavebeenallowedto participate,there havebeenpositivechangesin their development.Adults,in essence, sitdown andlistento children(Flekkøy,1997). By listeninga variedmeansof communicationlanguageis observed,from gesturesbodylanguage,tone,expressiveness, andthetalkin itself, allarescrutinized.Article12 furtherstrengthensthispointin thatallformsof non-verbal communicationfrom childrenshould berecognized.Participationhas enabledeliminationof vicessuchas genital mutilation in girls,childlaborin partsof Asia andenablingof children’s educationrights.Thepracticality should startwith childrenthemselves, theseincludesyoungpeopleandchildren(Percy-Smith&amp Thomas 2010). In severalareaschildrenparticipationhas beenof greatinfluenceandencouragement,in Cuba,forexample,there is a collaboration betweenthegovernmentandUNICEF to supportearlychildhoodeducationnamedEducaa tuhijo.In this,thelocalcommunityengageschildrenin their plansto educatethem(Stephenson et al. 2004). Membersof thelocalityare engagedinchildrenprogramsto assisttheir childrenandanswertheir plight.Children’slivesarehenceuplifted. Therightof expressionis sometimesdealta blowespeciallyin regionswherethere is segregation.Childrenwhocomefrom theseareasmay not be ableto expressthemselves freelyas comparedto regionswherethere is freeparticipationof children’sviews(Percy-Smith&amp Thomas 2010). Children’sviewsandexpressionsarealsorespectedin judicialproceedingsandadministrativeissuesdirectlyaffectingthem. AforumdubbedThe Special Session on Children wasan unprecedentedmeetingwith coresof its discussionfocusingon childrenandadolescents.TheUN General Assembly hosted400 youngdelegatesfrom allover theworldto showcase whatchildrenparticipationshould looklike(Thomas&amp Campling 2002). Someof thechildrenparticipantsdeliveredthemessage.Theparticipationis asa result of thisa reality. Childrenwhoarephysicallychallenged,girls,andevenfamilyspecialchildrensegregationhas beena causeof ragein childrenparticipationrightssupport.Physicallychallenged peoplehaveequalrightsof participationin engagementsof their choiceas theychooseto (Percy-Smith&amp Thomas 2010). Thesechildrenhaveabilitiesthat should be nurturedequallyas muchas thoseof thephysicallyablechildren.Culturalbiasis partlyto blameforthisissue(O`Neill&amp Zinga 2008). Girlsespeciallyin developingnationshavebeendeniedopportunitiesto expressthemselves in fullcapacityof their ability.In nationswherethere has beengirlchildparticipationadvocacy,there havebeenpositivechangesreported.In regionsof Kenya whereearlyforcedmarriagehas deniedgirl`seducationsrightstheir participationhas enabledthem to gobackto school.

References

Flekkøy,M. G., &amp Kaufman, N. H. (1997). Theparticipation rights of the child: Rights and responsibilities infamily and society.London [u.a.: Kingsley.

O`Neill,T., &amp Zinga, D. (2008). Children`srights: Multidisciplinary approaches to participation andprotection.Toronto [Ont.: University of Toronto Press.

Percy-Smith,B., &amp Thomas, N. (2010). Ahandbook of children and young people`s participation: Perspectivesfrom theory and practice.London: Routledge.

Stephenson,P., Gourley, S., &amp Miles, G. (2004). Childparticipation.Teddington: Tearfund.

Thomas,N., &amp Campling, J. (2002). Children,family, and the state: Decision-making and child participation.Bristol, England: Policy Press.