JUVENILE OFFENSE AND DELINQUENCY 5
JuvenileOffense and Delinquency
Ajuvenile who is considered a status offender is the one whose crimesare taken to be part of the status offenses. A status offense is acrime that is considered to be a crime is it is committed by a classof individuals, especially minors. According to Bartollas and Miller(2011), the status offenses are mostly committed by juveniles becausethey are the ones who are given special consideration in regard tothe crimes they commit. For example, a juvenile arrested for a minorcrime of drinking alcohol or being seen on the streets past thecurfew hours.
Onthe other hand, a juvenile considered as a delinquent is the onewhose crimes are considered to be committed by a young person or aminor in law. According to Siegel and Welsh (2014), a minor in law isa person who has not reached the age classified as an adult age.These are minors who show the tendency to commit crime, especiallythe normal crimes committed by adults (Bartollas & Miller, 2011).For example, if a group of teenagers invades a store and rob thegoods, they will be charged for robbery, but will be considered asdelinquent offenders in the case.
Crimesin the case of status offense differ significantly with the case ofjuveniles considered as delinquent. A juvenile in this classificationis not considered to a normal offender since the crime is given aspecial consideration in the administration of justice. Therefore,they are given a special level of punishments such as juvenilepunishments. They are also jailed in prisons with provisions forschooling.
Accordingto victimization surveys, children are targets of crime too, and arefrequently being victims of serious crimes. There are many people orgroups of people in the society who are the victimizers to childrenby committing crimes against the young ones (Bartollas & Miller,2011). One of the victimizers is relatives who are hardcore criminalsand find children as the weakest victims. For example, some of theviolent sexual crimes against children are committed by closerelatives of the victims. Such crimes like rape are committed byrelatives who commit the crimes in weird circumstances at home. Oneof the circumstances is bad mental health, thereby raping young oneswithout proper reasoning.
Anothergroup of victimizers are drug users and traffickers. These criminalscommonly use children as the transporters of the illegal substancessince they are the least suspected by the law enforcers. They forcethe children to carry their luggage in public transport or lure theminors with gifts and money. This happens when they want the juniorsto take the drugs and illegal substances from one location toanother. As a result, the minors may be arrested with drug relatedcrimes. The minors may also be involved in criminal acts in the midstof the drug abusers and traffickers.
Anothernotorious group of victimizers is the employers and humantraffickers. Employers commit crime when they employ juveniles intheir places of work. People who are under the adult age should notbe employed to work in factories of workplaces for adults. The maincircumstance that leads to child labor is the greed for cheap laborby some companies seeking to cut costs and increase profits. Thiscrime is common in the countries with a poor human rights record,such as china and Asian countries. At the domestic level, childrenare victims of beating and labor from relatives who have no regard tobasic children`s rights.
Theinformation contained in the lesson was important for theunderstanding of juvenile crimes and juvenile victims. Theinformation learnt in this lesson is important for the society, as itreflects the experiences of the juveniles in the modern communities.According to Bartollas and Miller (2011), this is because theexperiences of juvenile victims affect the level of juvenile crime.Their exposure to the world of crime gives them the taste of howpeople commit crime, either against them or against others. Theytherefore learn that the law can be broken by anyone, even by them.
Toprevent juvenile crimes, several actions can be taken to deter theyoung ones from crime. One is proper education to the young onesabout crime and the consequences, when they are young enough. Themodern society only gives such education when their juveniles are atthe age of commission. They should be taught against crime when theyare as young as the age of five. In addition, the adults should betaught how to deal with juveniles who show indications of inclinationto crime.
Additionally,combating crime committed by adults is another major preventiveaction against juvenile crimes. This is because juveniles learncriminal behavior and intents from the adults who are already intocrime. By eliminating criminal elements in the society, children willonly have good role models and will have no one to learn crime from(Bartollas & Miller, 2011). Moreover, appropriate punishment ofcriminals in the society will act as a deterrent measure againstjuvenile crime. This is because the juveniles will learn theconsequences of crime by observing how the adults are being punishedfor it.
Bartollas,C., & Miller, S.J. (2011). Juvenilejustice in America (6th ed.).Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Siegel,L., & Welsh, B. (2014). JuvenileDelinquency: Theory, Practice, and Law. Stamford:Cengage Learning