KEY HEALTH DETERMINANTS FOR OBESITY 4
KeyHealth Determinants for Obesity
KeyHealth Determinants for Obesity
AsDr. Beilenson states, the Zip code within which an individual livesmakes much more difference to his or her health and wellbeingcompared to the genetic code. These variations are caused by variedfactors including the cleanliness of the environment, theavailability of sufficient medical care or even facilities that wouldpromote an individual wellbeing. For instance, in cases where anindividual lives in an area that does not have proper sanitation, heor she would be more predisposed to ailments such as cholerairrespective of their genetic code. Obesity is touted as one of themajor ailments in the United States affecting quite a proportion ofthe population. In qualifying obesity as a population health issue,researchers examine data pertaining to individuals who are overweightor obese. Further, it would be imperative that data pertaining to theailments from which they suffer is compiled. Research has shown thatobese or overweight individuals are predisposed to heart ailments,asthma, respiratory complications and diabetes among other problems.It is quite easy to apply the five health determinants to obesity. Inthe case of genetics, research has shown that genes may directlycause obesity in case of ailments such as Prader-Willi Syndrome andBardet-Biedl syndrome (Davieset al, 2008).With regard to social environment, it is noted that individuals whoseoccupations do not involve much physical activity would have a higherlikelihood of becoming obese. In the case of physical environment,people that live in areas where there is a deficit of parks or fieldswhere individuals can exercise, or where there are numerous fast-foodstores would have a higher likelihood for obesity (Jia &Lubetkin, 2009). Similarly, in instances where the people do not haveaccess to medical care that would eliminate the disease or at leastprovide them with information regarding the changes in theirlifestyle, they would be more likely to become obese and not even besuccessful in losing weight (Livermanet al, 2005).Lastly, individual behavior determines the likelihood of obesity asit has been shown that the ailment is a lifestyle disease, which ismainly caused by sedentary lifestyles and consumption of high fat andsugary foods.
Epidemiologicaldata would be obtained through the study of causes, effects andpatterns pertaining to a health condition within the population tobetter comprehend the disease processes, draw appropriateconclusions, as well as comprehend the causes better (Kindig et al,2008). In the case of obesity, of course, the creation of parks wouldbe a priority for policymakers as a way of preventing and eliminatingthe ailment (Salomon et al, 2009). Similarly, it would be imperativethat policies are made detailing the types of foods and the contentsthat would be acceptable for any food manufacturers or makers.
Davies,H. D., Fitzgerald, H. E., & Mousouli, V. (2008). Obesityin childhood and adolescence.Westport, Conn: Praeger.
JiaH & Lubetkin EI (2009). Time trends and seasonal patterns ofhealth-related quality of life among U.S. adults. PublicHealth Rep 124(5):692-701
KindigDA, Asada Y, & Booske B (2008). A population health framework forsetting national and state health goals. JAMA 299(17):2081-2083
Liverman,C. T.,Koplan,J., Kraak, V. I., & Institute of Medicine (U.S.).(2005). Preventingchildhood obesity: Health in the balance.Washington, D.C: National Academies Press.
SalomonJA, Nordhagen S, Oza S, Murray CJ (2009). Are Americans feeling lesshealthy? The puzzle of trends in self-rated health. AmJ Epidemiol 170(3):343-351