Leadership

LEADERSHIP 6

InstitutionalAviation

Thesubject of leadership goes back to ancient history where leaders wereinstrumental in helping communities and societies achieve goals invarious aspects of life. In fact, over 40,000 books and articles havebeen written on leadership. affects every aspect of ourlives and therefore good leadership is essential. According to arecent survey, more than 75% of employees in the U.S were unhappywith their job as a result of poor treatment by their boss. Researchhas suggested that there is a strong correlation between the effectsof leadership and the performance in organizations, educationalenvironment, military success and job stress. This is becauseeffective leadership creates shared values, beliefs and expectationsin the society and the organization. A study carried out on a sampleof fortune 500 companies established that charismatic leaders were animportant factor in explaining financial performance in companies.This was especially the case in periods of uncertainty. It isimportant to understand leadership because organizations can evaluatewhat type of leader they require depending on their currentsituations. Leaders have different leadership styles and traits whichare best applied in various situations. is not justlimited to the top but it required at all levels of an organization.In this essay, the author will delve on the subject of leadership onthree leadership styles: visionary leadership, problem-solvers andteam builders.

Differentdefinitions of leadership have been proposed over the years. In fact,leadership and management are two words that have been usedsynonymously over the years however the two words have their ownmeaning. can be described as “a process used by andindividual to influence group members towards the achievement ofgroup goals in which the group members view the influence aslegitimate.” From this definition, leadership can be deduced tohave five characteristics. First, leadership is a process whichinvolves a series of efforts towards a desired goal. hasto be consistent and cannot be summarized by an act or a few acts ofperformance in certain circumstances. Second, the actions of a leaderhave an influence on people’s behavior. In other words, a leadermust have followers. Third, a leader is always expected to step up tothe plate when need arises. Fourth, a leader’s influence on hisfollowers should be justifiable and reasonable. This means that itmust be legitimate. Finally, leadership should be goal oriented. can be seen as a way of providing an environment favorablefor success in an organization while management can be described asan administrative activity that manipulates standards and utilizestechniques in assisting an organization do things right.

Inthe chapter readings, it was interesting to find out that there aredifferent styles of leadership. These include leadership that isbased on the trait theory, the great man theory, the behavior andsituational theory. According to the situational theory, varioussituations call for different styles of leadership. Therefore, inevaluating the type of leadership that would fit in an organizationone should always consider the type of situation. According to anarticle on Forbes George Bradt believes that the world needs threetypes of leaders most. These are the artistic, interpersonal andscientific leaders. Artistic leaders influence people’s perceptionssuch as hearing, tasting and smelling new things. Scientific leadersinspire people’s knowledge through their ideas and thinking whileinterpersonal leaders can be found inspiring teams and groups as thehead. These three types of leadership styles resonated with thestyles of leadership discussed in chapter 1 and reinforced myunderstanding in using different styles of leadership depending onthe situation(Bradt,2014).

Visionaryleaders are leaders who are have a clear picture of where anorganization stands and where it needs to be in the future. In orderto achieve this goal, visionary leaders formulate the steps requiredto assist the organization meet its future goals. Visionary leadersare believed to have several characteristics. These include thefollowing: First, the leaders have the ability to inspire otherbecause they are already inspired. Visionary leaders do not requireany external inspiration. Second, these leaders are alwaysoptimistic. Visionary leaders look at any event as an opportunityregardless of the whether it is negative or positive. Third,visionary leaders have a sense of purpose and meaning in their lives.Such leaders always certain about what they want to do and achieve.Fourth, visionary leader accept personal responsibility, in otherwords they never point fingers and blame other people for theirmistakes. Fifth, they see themselves as victors who overcomecircumstances as opposed to victims of circumstances. They focus oncoming up with solutions rather than criticizing things. Finally, theleaders have integrity and are action oriented. They leaders arealways in motion and always tell the truth no matter the situation.The most interesting part of the chapter was the breakdown of thevarious behavioral patterns that leader’s exhibit. There were fivetypes of behavioral patterns and this included: the directive,supportive, reward and punishment, participative and charismaticbehavioral patterns. According to an article of the characteristicsof a visionary leadership, the authors highlighted the visionaryleadership abilities of the first President of the U.S, GeorgeWashington. The President was an excellent communicator, organizer,strategic planner and a risk take despite not having attended anyformal learning institution(Patrick,2015).

Problemsolving leaders can be described as situational leaders who come tothe rescue of organizations or corporations in time of need. Problemsolving leaders must have certain leadership traits that would comehandy in helping organizations come out of their quagmire. Therefore,depending on the situation or circumstances involved, certain typesof leadership would be more suited than others in handling thesituation. For example, Allen Questrom was able to turn around J.C.Penny because he had several leadership traits. Some of the essentialleadership traits for a problem solver would require one to thefollowing. One should be an excellent communicator as he has to helpthe workers realize the goals of the organization and translate themto become a reality. In addition, he has to be a quick learner and agood listener as this will help the leader come up with bettersolutions. In chapter 3, the breakdown of the various contingencystyle of leadership was helpful in understanding how differentsituations are unique and what type of leadership would be ideal forthem. An article on the contingency model of leadership by FredFiedler helped shed some light on the contingency model and alsohelped me understand that no one way of leadership is thebest(ContigencyModel of ).

Teambuilding leaders are also referred to as supportive leaders. Suchleaders show concern for the well-being, status and the needs of thefollowers. Team building is considered on the most effective style ofleadership as its use can be well documented in various aspects oflife such as in the industry, education sector and in the military.Team building helps leaders and the followers build a bond of that isbased on trust, respect and cohesion. Therefore, the relationshipbetween the leader and the follower gets better with time. Theintroduction parts of chapter 4 provided a solid foundation onsupportive leadership and emphasized the need of buildingrelationships in an organization. In addition, an article by BretSimmons highlighted several behaviors that would help leaders becomesupportive. These qualities include: treating each employee as anindividual, being considerate and polite, showing acceptance andregards for other and being helpful and patient when givinginstructions (Simmons,2010).

References

Bradt,G. (2014, January 29). TheThree Types Of Leaders The World Needs Most: Artistic, Scientific andInterpersonal.Retrifeved March 3, 2015, from Forbes:http://www.forbes.com/sites/georgebradt/2014/01/29/the-three-types-of-leaders-the-world-needs-most-artistic-scientific-and-interpersonal/

ContigencyModel of .(n.d.). Retrieved March 3, 2015, from Call of the Wild:http://www.callofthewild.co.uk/library/theory/contingency-model-of-leadership/

Patrick,M. (2015). Characteristicsof Visionary .Retrieved March 3, 2015, from Chron:http://smallbusiness.chron.com/characteristics-visionary-leadership-31332.html

Simmons,B. L. (2010, September 24). NineSupportive Behaviors.Retrieved March 3, 2015, from Bret L. Simmons:http://www.bretlsimmons.com/2010-09/nine-supportive-leadership-behaviors/