Theissue of gun control is a critical aspect in the recent years. Gunrights supporters have worked exceedingly hard in initiatingadditional restrictions on firearms and eliminating legal limitationson the issue of right to carry and possess firearms. Besides, gunrights supporters are also working hard so as to expand the scope ofgun rights (Cater 88). The control of the right of gun ownership didnot start a few years, but it started long ago. This can be seen withthe establishment of the (NRA). Theestablishment of the was perceived as away of encouraging more organized training in marksmanship. Theformation of this association was triggered by the widespread gunownership by the civilian population after the Civil War (Cater 98).The widespread ownership of guns by civilian population was becauseof former union soldiers keeping their firearms and declining pricesof gun emanating from fewer government contracts, following the CivilWar. This paper will discuss different aspects of the National RifleAssociation.
Thesubstitution of the smoothbore musket for rifle as the chief infantryarm led to viewing marksmanship as important. Because a practicalmachine gun was yet to be invented, laying down of long-range fireneeded vast numbers of men that were capable of hitting their mark atbig ranges. In order to encourage more organized training inmarksmanship, became established. The of America became founded in 1871 thefounders of the of America were retiredUnion generals. The two Union veterans associated with theestablishment of the were George WoodWingate and William Conant Church (Patrick 208) these twoindividuals fought as senior officers for the Union during theAmerican Civil War. From the beginning, the National RifleAssociation gained the support of the government because of itsefforts. New York State offered a charter to this organization, in1871, and offered funds in order to facilitate the purchasing of landon Long Island for rifle practicing. From the early 20thcentury, government officials served as the board of directors of theorganization and the organization received benefits from discountsales of surplus military ammunition and firearms to gun clubs.
Thefirst leader of the organization was Ambrose Burnside. In the initialyears of the organization, NRA chiefly provided shooting practices aswell as shooting matches for New York National Guard (Hammer 3). MoreAmerican states cooperated with NRA and provided them with ranges forshooting practices or any other assistance through organizingmarksmen’s festivals. Because of some victories in differentshooting matches, the NRA attained recognition even in the globallevel in early 20thcentury, NRA started establishing shooting associations in variousmajor colleges, military academies and universities so as to enhancethe shooting sports amid the American youth. In 1934, theorganization incorporated the Legislative Affairs Division inprotecting the 2ndAmendment of the U.S (Hammer 4). Constitution against a rising numberof attacks. During the time, this section did not concentrate onlooking after any lobbying activities, but offered informationassociated with legislation and own analysis to its members. Becauseof the increased requirement of political protection of the 2ndAmendment of the U.S. Constitution, the organization incorporated theInstitute for Legislative Action (ILA) in 1976. There was a strongturnaround in the organization’s strategy in 1977. In the course ofthe organization’s annual meeting, a revolt occurred that wasagainst the leadership of the association during the time. This madethe organization to change to an organization that up to date iscommitted against all kinds of firearms control (Hammer 4). HarlonCarter became the new president of the organization.
Anexample to indicate what NRA does entails holding a shootingcompetition in Sea Grit, in 1906, where above two hundred youthsparticipated. Besides, during the post-war era, the associationfocused its activities chiefly on the hunters’ community in 1949,it opened its first education program to support hunters’community. The association has also been engaged in training measuresof law enforcement during 50s and 60s, when it became the onlynational trainer of law enforcement officers. The association raisesits money through donations it has four charitable subsidiaries thatit uses. Furthermore, it raises money through sale of magazines. Theassociation is widespread since its membership has increased fourfoldsince 1968 (Patrick 208).
Thedevelopment of the was seen as a way ofencouraging more organized training in marksmanship. Founded in 1871by George Wood Wingate and William Conant Church, the association hasits focus in three areas dealing with firearm ownership rights,publishing, and political advocacy. The association is committedagainst all kinds of firearms control. The organization publishesmagazines, which it sells through member subscriptions as a way ofgenerating revenues. Moreover, the organization also raises itsresources through donations it receives from four of itssubsidiaries.
Carter,Gregg L. Gunsin American Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture,and the Law.Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO, 2012. Print.Hammer,Sebastian. InterestGroups in the USA – The .Munich: GRIN Verlag, 2013. Print.Patrick,Brian A. The and the Media: The Motivating Force ofNegative Coverage., 2013. Print.