Observation/Reflection The First Two Years


Observation/Reflection:The First Two Years

SectionI: Biosocial Development


Age:8 months

Height:27.8 inches

Weight:19 pounds

Childsdaily diet


¼cup cereals

5oz. Of breast milk


4oz. of breast milk

4oz. of water

¼cup of cheese


¼cup of yoghurt

¼yellow vegetables

5oz. breast milk


1teething biscuit

¼cup, fruit water


¼cup of potato

¼cup of rice

¼cup of fruit

5oz. breast milk


7oz. Breast milk or water


Standsalone without difficulty- Developing

Walks– Not present

Runs-Not present

Jumps-Not present

Kicksball- Not present

Throwsball- Not present

Catchesball- Not present

Climbs-Not present

SectionII: Cognitive development

Thechild observed is 12 months old.

Interactionwith the environment

At12 months, the observation made was that the child was starting toexplore their environment. The child was trying to get hold ofeverything that came their way and shake it using their tiny hands.When with the other children of a similar age, the child would try tomake some funny sounds like they are trying to communicate with theother children. The same happened to his reaction towards the adultswhenever an adult gave them attention or held them on his arms.


Thecommunication between the caregiver and the child was somehow weirdalthough both seemed to effectively communicate. When the child wouldneed anything from the caregiver, they would produce a funny soundwhile trying to point to the tool they wanted. In case the childwould be pleased by caregiver, they would appreciate by being silentand looking her straight to the eye to show contentment.Wheneverthe caregiver would look at the child and prompt him to smile, thechild would respond by smiling and produce a funny sound to showtheir happiness.

Stageof language development

Thechild is on a single word stage of language development. The childhas started making first real words such as mom,you, dad, amongothers. At this stage, the child seems to understand more the wordsthat the caregiver is saying more than they can pronounce.


Thechild had separation anxiety whenever the caregiver would be leavingand they would cry. According to the caregiver, the disorder hadlasted for five months where the child would usually cry loudlywhenever they were left by their own. However, the caregiver statedthat in case they were left with another adult, they would only cryfor a short time.

SectionIII: Psychological Development

Age:18 months

Interactionswith the caregiver

Atthis age, the child is on the initial stages of understanding on howto interact with other people. The caregiver is the first person thatthe child has learnt to interact with and they can both laugh andplay. It is observable that even though the child has not willdeveloped an effective form of communication both the caregiver andthe child can communicate and understand each other.

Childreaction to:

  1. Being hungry- Loudly crying for no reason and will put anything given to them in their mouth.

  2. Having wet/dirty diaper- will cry showing discomfort and constantly moving their body

  3. Trying to do something on their own- the child will want to imitate another person doing something although they are unsuccessful in all of them

SectionIV: Reflection

Basedon the observations that have been made, there is much to take noteof as a caregiver on raising a child. After birth, there are variousfactors that determine the development of a child. One of theimportant factors is diet. The diet that a child is given determinesthe rate of their growth and development. During the first few monthsafter birth, the child should be given a lot of breast milk andwater, at least 26 oz. for breast milk and 15 oz. of water. Inaddition to breast milk and water, it is also recommended tosupplement with other soft foods such as yoghurt, cheese, fruits,vegetables, and mashed potatoes. Such a balanced diet will providethe child with the energy that is needed in growth and development.As also observed, the development of motor skills was a gradualprocess that started with the urge of the child to do something eventhough they were not able to do it due to their size.

Whena child reaches one year old, they start developing interest ininteracting with the people around including the caregiver, otherchildren, and the objects surrounding them. At a one year age, achild will be playing with all the objects that they come across andit is therefore advisable for the caregiver to remove all objectsthat might be of harm to the child. When the child is interactingwith the other children, they try to make some funny sounds as ifthey are communicating with each other. At this stage, theinteraction of the child with the other children is also dependent onthe response of the other children. If the children are reactingpositively, then the child will also respond positively. However,when the other children are acting strangely and negatively to thechild, the child will respond by crying and showing their discomfortin the particular environment. The interaction with the caregiverwas also observed and showed that the child was strongly connectedwith the caregiver and always responded to the actions of thecaregiver. If the caregiver would start playing with the child, thenthe child would become playful. Additionally, the caregiver onlyunderstood how certain reactions of the child meant. The reactionswould vary depending on the environment in which the child had beenput in and a positive response by the caregiver would change theirmood. In addition to their reactions on different environments, thechildren have different language stages, which are largely determinedby their age. The children started from making funny sounds untilthey started uttering a single word, then double words, and withtime, they would start communicating with the other people.

Basedon the observations made, the nature of the environment greatlydetermined the psychological development of the child. If a child isexposed to an environment where they are showed concern, love, andpositivity, the children start developing actions imitating thepositive actions of the people surrounding. However, if the childgrows in an environment where they are being ignored, and thecaregiver is not concerned with their welfare, then it is likely thatthe child will start being rebellious and develop a negative attitudetowards the environment, thus affecting their psychological growth.Therefore, the environment in which the caregiver puts their childlargely determines their growth and development.