PsychologyEthics and Law
Thereare several legal and ethical issues that have an impact on thepsychological testing. There include professional codes of conductsthat individual psychologists should flow strictly when conductingtest and assessment to avoid unnecessary confrontation and legalbattles. Although majority of the client are unlikely to evoke therelevant state or federal laws incase of biased and unlawfulpsychological assessment, it is unethical (Robert & Dennis,2013). For example, basic ethical principles that guide psychologistsrequire that there must be an informed consent. Before a test orassessment is done, there must be a voluntary consent from theclient. The client should be given all the necessary informationregarding the assessment, which includes duration of the test,purpose, procedures and the basic aspects of the test. Also, theprofessional code of ethics requires the psychologist to act withconfidentiality when dealing with information from the client. Theresult should not be referred to outside the context of the testing(Shultz & Schultz, 2010). The basic reason why psychologistsshould act within the provisions of the code of conduct andprofessional ethics is to protect the integrity of the profession.Psychology is considered a professional discipline becausepsychologists are able to follow basic ethical principles. There arealso states and federal legal provisions that influence howpsychological testing is done. These mainly include laws thatprohibit any form of discrimination. Examples of such laws includeEEOC guidelines and the Americans with Disability Act of 1990. Forexample, is illegal for psychological tests results to be applied insuch as way that they result into discrimination against anindividual or group of individuals. Psychologists conducting testsand assessment should ensure that they understand the law and actresponsibly (Cohen et al, 2013).
Cohen,R. J., Swerdlik, M. E., & Sturman, E. D. (2013). PsychologicalTesting and Assessment: An Introduction to Tests and Measurement [8thEd.]. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Robert,M. K. & Dennis, P. S. (2013). Psychologicaltesting: principles, applications, & issues,Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.
Shultz& Schultz, D. (2010). Psychologyand work today.New York: Prentice Hall.