Question 2: How didFrederick Douglas justify stealing from his master in hisautobiography?

In his bibliography, FrederickDouglas admits that he used to steal from his master, only to savehis life. He argued that although it was hard to steal, according tohis conviction, there was nothing wrong with it because it was hisonly option. He also argued that stealing from his master was notwrong because he was a property of his master. He was denied theproducts of his labor and at the same time the necessities of life.Since the food and the resultant health and strength were for thebenefit of his master, stealing was justified. Thus he argued hisactions were “simply appropriating what was my own to the use of mymaster” (Douglass).

Question 5: Why were thepaintings of Gustave Courbet and Edouard Manet considered socontroversial in their time? What traditional standards of art dideach of them violate, and why?

Gustave Courbet and EdouardManet works of art were considered controversial because of thecontent of the painting as well as their style of art. GustaveCourbet and Edouard Manet painted nude females which attractedcontroversy during their times as well as in the modern times. Forexample, Olympia andThe Origin ofthe World paintingsare some of the most controversial and shocking masterpieces byEdouard Manet and Gustave Courbet respectively.Additionally, theydid not use “smooth lines and soft forms” in the paintings. Theytherefore challenged the ideas of how painting should be done bycreating a rough texture of their paintings. Thus, they werecriticized for being unsentimental in there arts.