Reasons Why Female StudentsDrop Out of STEM Career Programs
For decades, science,technology, engineering, and mathematic careers have become four ofthe vital fields required for human’s progress. This has madeprograms such as STEM have become very essential in the moderneducation systems. STEM is an acronym for Integrated Study ofScience, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. A successful STEMprogram will produce students with skills and competence in the fourareas of study, which are essential in the contemporary world. STEMis an educational program that aims to increase literacy in science,create critical thinkers as well as provide possibilities for theupcoming generations of innovators (Beatty1). However, theprograms seem to be useful in male student, while an increased numberof female student are dropping out the STEM programs. Consideringthat few female students enroll in these science and technologyrelated programs, there is a dwindling number of women in STEMrelated professions (Henderson,1, Seymour 437).The aim of this paper is to explore the main causes of femalestudents dropping out of STEM related programs in the moderneducation systems. It is important to note that there stereotypingand gender oriented teasing, especially in relation to STEM isevident in the modern education systems. There are limited rolemodels in the modern society to encourage female students to pursueSTEM related causes. These are some of the major cause of lowenrolment of female students in STEM related programs (Ronald andMary, 47). Additionally, the intense competition, gender based familyresponsibilities and discrimination also contribute to the problem(Linn, 199). Therefore, there is an urgent need to address some ofthe inherent issues in order to empower female students in STEMprograms (Marschke, 1).
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