Research process

Researchprocess

Inthe recent past, therapists are emphasizing on the significance ofensuring that children maintain a healthy weight as a strategy forcombating chronic diseases during adulthood. Statistics indicatesthat childhood obesity resulting from sedentary lifestyle andconsumption of high-calorie foods is a health threat to the public.As a result, health professionals have recommended varioussocioecological techniques to address the problem. In Canada, 50% and30% of the youths are physically unfit to achieve health benefits andobese respectively. The health approach has proposed establishing anelementary school atmosphere that grants students the option ofmaking healthy choices, as well as access to supportive people. Themodel’s changes achieved at school extend to students’ homeenvironment (Naylor et al., 2006). The objective of the health planis enhancing child and youth achievement, as well as achievinglong-term health benefits. Besides, the health plan reduceshealthcare costs and chronic diseases among the youths throughintroducing healthy living standards.

Researchquestion

Canproviding students with an improved physical activity environment andhealthier diets help them to overcome obesity and major chronicdiseases on long-term.

Hypothesis

  1. Can dieting and physical activities assist schoolchildren to avoid suffering from chronic diseases on the long-term (over five years)?

  2. Do healthy dieting and increased physical activity increase youths’ achievement in school environment?

  3. Will the Action Schools! BC model help in reducing health care costs for the students?

  4. How will the Action Schools! BC healthcare model help to raise healthy students in schools?

Hypotheses

H0(null hypothesis)– Improved dieting and physical activities among children does notdetermine their academic performance at school.

Alternativehypothesis– increased physical activity and dietary control is significant toachieve long-term health benefits and low medical care cost forstudents.

3.Research question analytic criteria

Criteria for Analytic Research Questions

Example of Research Question That Does Not Meet Research Criteria

Explanation why criteria is not met

&nbsp&nbspTrend analysis

1.&nbspHow will the Action Schools! BC healthcare model help to raise healthy students in schools?

&nbsp This criterion involves collection of data from various sources, and then scrutinizing it with the aim of identifying a given pattern. The strategy is common when the research intends to acquire underlying information that is hard to acquire an accurate figure. Instead, clinical interview would be more efficient since some people could be suffering from chronic diseases without their knowledge. Clinical reports can help a researcher understand the lifestyle of patients suffering from long-term diseases such as diabetes, as well as factors that could have enhanced their vulnerability (King et al., 2002). In addition, trend analysis will only focus on identifying unhealthy children, while clinical interview will delve into identifying the actual cause of the health problems.

Naturalistic observation

2.&nbspCan dieting and physical activities assist schoolchildren to avoid suffering from chronic diseases on the long-term (over five years)?

&nbspNaturalistic observation involves physical analysis of the target group’s health status. However, the analysis method will be inefficient since it is impossible to differentiate between healthy and sick person by just looking at a person’s physical gait. Clinical report would also deliver more accurate results than natural observation.

&nbspSelf reporting

&nbsp3. Do healthy dieting and increased physical activity increase youths’ achievement in school environment?

&nbspSelf-reported information concerning achievement of students might not meet the desired criteria as the students might fail to give honest information. As a result, longitudinal comparison would provide the best results as a researcher could evaluate the target group’s health prior to adopting the program, and then evaluate their health condition and performance level after adopting healthy eating and physical lifestyle (King et al., 2002).

Experiment

  1. &nbspWill the Action Schools! BC model help in reducing health care costs for the students?

&nbspExperiment analysis is suitable for evaluating research questions that are based on scientific or empirical data. Instead, this research question would best be answered by cross-sectional research method that aims at determining the cost of treating specific diseases (King et al., 2002).

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4.Extent and impact of a public health problem

Overweightand unhealthy lifestyle is a serious health problem in BritishColumbia 30% of children aged 5-17 years is either obese oroverweight. In addition, 50% of the youths at the age ranging betweentwelve and nineteen years do not engage in physical activities thatcan help them achieve the Action Schools! BC model benefits. Thismeans that almost three-quarters of students in Canada requireserious dietary and physical training exercises to achieve a healthylifestyle, low medical cost and improved academic performance (Nayloret al., 2006).

References

NaylorP.J, Macdonald H.M, Reed K.E, McKay H.A.(2006). Action Schools! BC: asocioecological approach to modifying chronic disease risk factors inelementary school children. PrevChronic Dis [serial online].Apr 3. Available from: URL:http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2006/apr/05_0090.htm.

KingA.C., Stokols D., Talen E., Brassington G.S., Killingsworth R.(2002). Theoretical approaches to the promotion of physical activity:forging a transdisciplinary paradigm. AmJ Prev Med 23(2),pp.15-25.