Research Summary and Ethical Considerations Guidelines Number

ResearchSummary and Ethical Considerations Guidelines


ResearchSummary and Ethical Considerations Guidelines

Thereare different approaches that can be deployed when making decisions.This can either be through the qualitative or quantitative approach.The two different approaches have different merits and demerits aswell as their findings have different impact of the nursing practice.This paper looks into the Quantitativemethod/approach to a given scenario. Quantitative approach issimplified as the use of quantifiable data to make decision over anissue or to find information about a problem (Hoskins, 2004). It hasbeen an important approach in the nursing practice.

Backgroundof study

Thereis a positive correlation between mother’s knowledge on childdevelopment and healthy child outcomes. A good number of mothers,however, lack adequate knowledge of child development and rely on thehealth care providers entirely for their child developmentassessment. This is despite the mothers being in the best position toassess the child and report any developmental delays due to theirclose associations with their children they still lack adequateknowledge of the child development. The article,”Mothers’ knowledge of young child development in a developingcountry”.The purpose of this study was to determine maternal knowledge aboutchild development in Istanbul, Turkey, when stats were corrected from1200 mothers. A quantitative study was conducted to determine thelevel of knowledge of mothers on developmental milestones in Turkeyby the Department of Psychology. The study background started bydefining developmental milestones as age specific tasks, skills,abilities and behaviors that most children should do at a certain age(Ertem, 2005). The knowledge on these milestones would help mothersassess the growth of their child and identify any developmentaldelays which were estimated to be present in 10% of children. Thestudy was therefore conducted to determine the level of knowledgeamong mothers.

Thestudy would help in knowing the exact level of knowledge amongmothers and identify any deficits. This would help them in planningfor health education to the mothers to improve their knowledge. Thestudy would also help nurses to know the various media to use todeliver information to mothers on developmental milestones. The broadobjective of the study was to assessmothers’ knowledge of young child development in a developingcountry. The specific objectives were: Toassess the knowledge of the mothers regarding developmentalmilestones, to identify the major source of information ondevelopmental milestones for mothers and to find out whether mothersevaluated their child’s development regularly (Ertem, 2005).

Methodsof study

Thestudy was quantitative in nature as it involved collection ofnumerical data from 1200 participants. It was descriptive in naturesince the mother’s knowledge was assessed only once with nointervention being made. It used a tool known as The CaregiverKnowledge of Child Development Inventory (CKCDI) to assess mothers’knowledge. The CKCDI consisted of questions on when children begin todemonstrate developmental skills and when caregivers should provideopportunities for developmental stimulation. It was easy toadminister, well understood by mothers and took approximately 5minutes to complete.

Resultsof the study

1200mothers with children aged below 3 years were chosen at randompopulation based sampling with the sample evenly split in gender, ageof children, mother education and employment. The mothers were giventhe CKCDI to fill. Only 88 % (1055 out of 1200) of the mothersresponded with 64% of them having secondary education and 11% beingemployed. A good number of the mothers recorded a score of 19/40(Ertem, 2005). This showed that most mothers were below average(20/40) in terms of knowledge of child development.

Thestudy also proved that mothers believed that development of abilitiesand skills should occur at a later age than normal. For example, only41% of mothers surveyed gave a correct response on the question, onwhen should a child start smiling. 59%, of the mother questioned,were wrong, as according to them, it was normal if the child couldnot smile after 2 months. The study also identified the preferredsources of information among the mothers. 79% preferred to getinformation on child development from health care professionals, 7.2%from family and friends, 5.2% from television and radio and 3.8 %from books and magazines (Ertem, 2005). This placed nurses and otherhealthcare providers in the best position to deliver information tothe mothers regarding child development, making them the mostinfluential in determining the mothers’ knowledge.

Thefindings of the study showed that mothers had below average knowledgeabout child development. This presents nurses with the task ofeducating the mothers on developmental milestones of their children.Health education of the mothers by the nurses would enhance theirknowledge and promote better health outcomes in the health of theirchildren. The study also proved that most mothers prefer to getinformation on developmental milestones from the nurses. This placesthem in the best position to educate the mothers and to raise theirknowledge. The study would also lead to changes in the in theinstitutional practice of nursing. Health education of mothers wouldbe made a normal procedure during the antenatal visits.


Thestudy was approved by the institutional review board in thedepartment of psychology. The right to full disclosure was observedby ensuring that all the participants were given information as tothe nature of the study with the risks and benefits. The informedconsent was also taken from all the participants. The autonomy of themothers was also respected by those willing to stop being allowed toat any point of the research. The confidentiality and privacy of theparticipants were observed with the individual information obtainedonly disclosed to the researchers (Olsen, 2003). The researchparticipant’s personal information could not be used to identifythem as no names were used in the collection of data. Instead, anidentification number was assigned to each of the participants. Therewere no ethical considerations about treatment.


Nursingresearch helps to identify new information and problems and putforward recommendations to solve them. However, it is important thatthe study is conducted in a dignified manner adhering to the ethicsof research. This includes protection of the subjects fromexploitation which can only be achieved by adhering to the ethics ofprofessionalism. The use of qualitative approach proved to be anadvantage of the study as it was not limited to definitive variables,and in turn a clear conclusion was made with reference to theobjective of the study. The information obtained from the case study,was essential in helping the mother to improve their contribution totheir children’s development.


Ertem,I., Atay, G., Dogan, D., Bayhan, A., Bingoler, B., Gok, C., Isikli,S. (N.d.). Mothers`

knowledgeof young child development in a developing country. Child:Care, Health and Development,728-737.

Hoskins,C. (2004). Researchin nursing and health understanding and using quantitative and

qualitativemethods(2nd Ed.). New York: Springer Pub.

Olsen,D. (2003). Ethical Considerations in International Nursing Research:A Report from The

InternationalCentre for Nursing Ethics. NursingEthics,122-137.