Safety OSHA Exposure Limits

Safety:OSHA Exposure Limits

Safety:OSHA Exposure Limits

OSHAis an importantorganizationthat protectsthevoicelessemployeesfrom beingexposedto harmfulchemicalsandotherconditionsthat puttheir livesat stake.ThefactthatOSHA can onlyusetheexposurelimitsthat existedin the1960s is a shockto employees,especiallythosewhoworkin theindustriesandtheminingcited.PeoplewhoholdtheviewthatOSHA should continueusingtheobsoleteexposurelimitsfailto acknowledgethefactthatthescientificadvanceshaveallowedresearchers to determinemoreaccuratelevel of exposurethat should not beexceeded.Itis evidentthatthisviewispushedby corporate unionswhoseinterestis to protecttheinvestors, whileneglectingthehealthof workers.Thisis inconsistentwith theconceptof utilitarianism.

AlthoughOSHA has alreadylostin thecourtbattle,pushingandlobbyingforlegalreformis aneffectivetoolthat OSHA can useto updatethepermissiblelimitsof exposure.Thisis becauseformulating lawsthat will facilitatetheuseof currentlevels of exposurewill helpOSHA applythecurrentsciencewithout beingchallengedin courts.

Trainingrequirements

BoththeHazard Communication andtheleadstandardsweredesignedwith theobjectiveof protectingworkersfrom workplace hazardsthrough training.Thetwo setsof standardsseekto protectworkersby pressuringemployersto informtheir employeesabout thepossiblerisksthattheymight befacedwith in theworkplace. Forexample,HAZCOM requiresemployersto trainemployeesabout on allhazardouschemicalsduring theinitialassignment(U.S. Department of Labor, 2015). Similarly,theLead Standards requireemployersto givean initialtrainingof at least180 days(U.S. Department of Labor, 2015). Themajordifferenceexistingbetweenthetwo setsof standardsis thattheLead standsfocusesexposureto leadonly,whileHAZCOM outlinesthetrainingrequirementsthat can beappliedin thecaseof anyhazardouschemical.

Althoughmostof thesectionsof theHazards Communication Standards wereintendedto preventtheoccurrenceof exposureto hazardouschemicals,section1910.1200 (i) (3) has thecapacityto addresscasesof exposureto leadabovethesetactionlevels.Thissectionstatesthatemployersormanufacturersshould providethechemicalidentities(includingthepercentageof thecomposition)in orderto helpemployeestakethenecessarymeasuresafter beingexposedorhelpmedicalprofessionalstreatthem faster(U.S. Department of Labor, 2015).Therefore,thetrainingofferedunder theHAZCOM is adequateto addresscasesof excessiveexposureto lead.

AirContaminant standards

TheAir Contaminant Standards setby OSHA are undeniably significant.Thisis becausemanyemployeesworkin firms whereaircontaminants arereleasedin largequantities.Thisnecessitatestheformulation of standardswhoseenforcementshould ensurethatemployeesareadequatelyprotectedfrom excessiveexposure.Theaimsof suchstandardsshould be to determinetheexposurelimits,therolesof theemployerandtheroleof theemployeewhois at theriskof exposure(Cornell University Law School, 2015). Therefore,thestandardsare importantbecausetheyacknowledgetheexistenceof aircontaminants andoutlinewaysin which exposurecan be limited.

Thereare three factorsindicatingthattheAir Contaminant Standards setby OSHA are adequateto protectworkersfrom excessiveexposure.First,thestandardsincludetheformulathat can be usedto determinethedurationof exposure(CULS, 2015). Theaccuratedeterminationof thedurationof exposurecan helpin theadequatetreatmentof exposedworkers.Secondly,thestandardsincludetheexposurelimitforthemostcommonandlethalaircontaminants. Thelimitshelpboth theemployerandtheemployeeunderstandthelevel of riskassociatedwith differentchemicalsthat theydealwith in their workplaces. Third,thestandardsincludesomeof thecriticalprotectiveprocedures,suchas thewearing of protectiveequipmentwhereexposureis inevitable(CULS, 2015). In conclusion,thestandardssetby OSHA andadequateandcan protectworkersfrom themajorworkplace hazards.

References

CornellUniversity Law School (2015). 29CFR 1920.1000: Air contaminants.Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Law School.

U.S.Department of Labor (2015). Occupation safety and healthadministration. USDL.Retrieved March 10, 2015, fromhttps://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=standards&ampp_id=10099

U.S.Department of Labor (2015). Occupation safety and healthadministration: Lead. USDL.Retrieved March 10, 2015, fromhttps://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=standards&ampp_id=10030