Sociology “What are the future prospects for work in Canada?”

SOCIOLOGY 9

Outline

  1. Introduction: Numerous factors will influence work in Canada in the coming years. The nature of work is altering as the nation moves towards a knowledge economy, which depends on properly educated and skilled personnel.

Thesis Statement: In future, Canada will have more job insecurityarising from a shift towards knowledge dependence. This is becausefewer individuals will meet employers’ needs. In prospect, workwill be characterized by inequality, more push for health concerns,changed work arrangements, globalization, new work surrounding, andchanging roles of unions.

  1. Argument

A

a)Inequality – A shift towardseducation from manufacturing means a future where there will be morewok inequality in Canada because of skill polarization.b)Insecurity – Because of skillsmismatch, more people will be unable to get jobs.c)Health at work – Employers willprogress to work with personnel towards ensuring the workplace isrisk free.

B

Post-industrialism – The era marksa shift towards a knowledge economy, which means in prospectindividuals without needed academic qualification will be jobless orhave to do low paying jobs.

C

  1. Globalization – will trigger a future where new markets emerge and operations within companies solely rely on technological.

  2. Industrial restructuring – Partly anticipated to cause a major decline in employment opportunities. This is because companies that become irrelevant with shut down and more employers will opt for outsourcing.

D

  1. Work environment – the main work environment is political. In prospect, the government will implement laws, via more trade agreements that open up Canadian markets to external investors. The outcome will be that more jobs will shift to other nations.

E

  1. Unions on work – They will push for more equality and fairness in the workforce.

  2. Unions on workers – In future, more workers will join unions. Unions will become more representative of the problems facing employees than they currently are due to shifting market operations.

“What are the future prospects for work in Canada?”

Numerous factors will influence work in Canada in the coming years.The nature of work is altering as the nation moves towards aknowledge economy, which depends on properly educated and skilledpersonnel. Individuals that lack the skills may become unemployable,raising the issue of prospect insecurity. Insecurity is not the onlyissue. Others include inequality, health, work arrangement andglobalization, work and its surrounding and the effect of unions onwork and employees.

Argument

The increase in skill requirements over the years has resulted indevelopment in high-skill work, mainly in product creating industriesand upper-tier services. This has outstripped the growth ofless-skilled work, mostly from low-tier services. Such changesdemonstrate enhanced skill polarization, which is linked to more workinequality (Krahn, Hughes &ampLowe, 2011).In Canada, the issue is more apparent in regard to social class. Inprospect, inequality is more likely to increase because of theprogressive polarization. Many executives and middle class civilianswork in skilled jobs. Hence, skill polarization might be inflectingthe increasing class disparity in earning, status and authority inCanada’s working society.

It is not possible to guarantee employees of work stability infuture. Employers seek engineers, health employees and competenttradesperson (Sorensen, 2013). However, thousands of learnersprogress to study humanities and arts. The outcome is a joblessnesslevel, which cannot drop. Surprisingly, employers complain of wellpaying work. This demonstrates an increasing skill mismatch inCanada, which means workers, will not be guaranteed of their jobs ifthey do not meet the skills required by employers (Sorensen, 2013).Thus, the country faces the developing challenge on motivating moreindividuals to join the workforce, yet guarantee they meet therequired skills.

Yearly, more Canadian employees pass away while others sustaininjuries at work. The prospect health of employees is often at peril.Each year, a substantial minority of Canadian personnel face exposureto health hazards at work, involving air and sound pollution,physically depriving work and stress arising from work surroundings(Krahn, Hughes &amp Lowe,2011). It is notpossible for workers to become productive when they feel that theirhealth is at risk. The issue of health is one, which is hard toignore. It is expected that in future, employers will progress towork with personnel towards ensuring the workplace is risk free.

As the nation develops from industrialism towardspost-industrialism, the emerging market under globalization signifiesnumerous alterations to the nature of work as well as companies. Theadvent market directs the manner organizations think and ways ofhandling employees. Canada has become a post-industrial community(Wayne, 2003). This is because work has changed from the manufactureof goods, towards offering services such as health. Another indicatoris the enhancement in new technologies, in addition to knowhow,whereas the demand for scientists among other professionalsprogresses to be on the rise. Hence, creative employees will begin toreplace habitual personnel. Issues linked with post-industrialisminvolve the flattening in chain of command, reducing boundaries amidcompanies, organization structures that are more involving, anabsence of guidelines governing conduct, choosing personnel dependingon the capability to be creative, and customized job and goods(Wayne, 2003).

Post-industrialism regards to an era characterized by developmenttowards dependence on knowledge. Research demonstrates that Canadafaces a tremendous shortage of competent employees in the comingdecades (Wayne, 2003). This is because many baby boomers will reachtheir retirement age and leave the labor force. In addition, thenature of work is altering as the nation changes towards a knowledgeeconomy, which is dependent on a properly skilled and learned team ofworkers. Persons that lack the required skills will become jobless,in thousands, foreshadowing a society symbolized by joblessness.Ironically, the demand for workers is on the rise, but employerscomplain that they are incapable of finding competent applicants tofill these positions. This foreshadows a trend of individuals with nojobs, and jobs lacking employees, posing a lasting challenge toCanada’s economic development (Sorensen, 2013).

Globalization has resulted in the rise of new markets and operationswithin companies. One such change is the rise in technology (Heisz,2005). Technological alterations are rising at a period when globaleconomy is in upheaval. The major recessions that happened during the80s and 90s, global competition, international free tradeorganizations, as well as the magnificent development of differenteconomies have affected Canada (Betcherman &amp Lowe, 1997). It isbecoming harder to perceive separate nationalized economies.Technology, products, money and information are moving across stateborders with ease. The economic activity globalization progresses toresult in essential re-alterations in Canada’s workforce as well aseconomy. The re-alterations are apparent through loss of work viadownsizing, shutdown of plants, company restructuring and mergers, aswell as the transfer of organizations work to other nations.

A different outcome of globalization has been industrialrestructuring. It entails the breakdown of traditional manners ofoperating industry and creating more competitive, effective inaddition to improved technology alternatives (Betcherman &amp Lowe,1997). Canada is involved in such restructuring, which benefits theeconomy. However, it could also result in reducing the amount andquality of jobs. Unemployment could be entrenched in the procedure.Industrial restructuring entails economic, social and technologicalmovements. Important is the change to services replacingmanufacturing. The service industries in Canada have developed at arapid pace over the decades, contrasted to reducing jobs inmanufacturing or agriculture. In actuality, Canada has faceddeindustrialization, which regards to dropping employment because offactory relocation, due to failure to adapt fast to altering customerwants. The outcome has been the closure, relocation or selling offfactories to nations like China, where there are no strict employmentrights and inexpensive labor is readily available.

Canada has been susceptible to the procedure of deindustrialization.During the 90s, most major multinationals, motivated by theCanada-America free trade, closed plants in the central region, insearch of cheap labor with fewer restrictions. Such trends are stillevident in the nation, which means that job opportunities will becomeless for Canadians as they shift to other nations (Campbell, Alan,Andrew &amp Francis, 2007). Globalization has both its negative andpositive influences on work in Canada, in the coming years. Freetrade has opened markets in turn leading to major economicdevelopment and creating employment in Canada. However, it alsoresonates to more job losses, as Canadian multinationals progress tooutsource from other nations, and demand for more skills fromCanada’s workforce.

It is apparent that technology, industry restructuring andglobalization happen in a political environment, which supportsliberal markets with minimal or lack of administrative intervention.Conversely, it is necessary to note that the political environment isa major influence of Canada’s prospects for work. Illustrations ofthe political environment include NAFTA and FTA, which were createdby the administration (Campbell, Alan, Andrew &amp Francis, 2007).The trade agreements highlight the developing function of governmentin the prospects of work. Following the industrialization of Canada,the administration greatly subsidized railways construction toenhance economic growth. It endorsed immigration to improve skilledlabor in factories. Canada’s administration additionally enactedlaws, which availed more freedom, unemployment insurance, employeecompensation and a pension scheme. The objective of the initiativeswas to guarantee industrial accord and form a surrounding thatsupports business, in turn benefiting employees. This demonstratesthat the political choices of Canada’s administration will continueto have an influence on the work environment.

Employers feel that unions tend to focus on favoring the needs ofemployees, with minimal consideration for employers. Unions’progress to oppose management endeavors to minimize salaries whereasmany nonunion employees lack any otherwise, but accept what theiremployers offer (Townsend&amp Wilkinson, 2011).The increase in job losses and insecurity means more unions will becreated to push for more worker representation in the workforce.Hence, the need for engaging unions and workers in the technologicalchange procedure happening in Canada is expected in prospect. Unionsare very significant in pushing for humane work conditions in anycountry, and Canada is no exception (Townsend&amp Wilkinson, 2011).It is expected more employees will become members of unions to ensurethat their rights are safeguarded. Due to the looming uncertainty ofsustaining employment, workers feel the need to join forces throughunions to secure their jobs. Unions are better placed to push forimproved working conditions, better salaries and job security amongother issues. In prospect, they will influence work by becoming partof the agenda setters on issues that have direct impacts on workerswithin the workforce.

References

Betcherman, G &amp Lowe, G. (1997). The future of work in Canada –A synthesis report. Canadian Policy Research Networks, 28.

Campbell, D., Alan, C., Andrew, D &amp Francis, G. (2007). Jobinsecurity and wages. Economic Journal, 117(518), 544-566.

Heisz, A. (2005). The evolution of job stability in Canada: trendsand comparisons with US results. Canadian Journal of Economics,38(1), 105-127.

Krahn, H., Hughes, K. D., &ampLowe, G. S. (2011).&nbspWork,industry, and Canadian society. Toronto:Nelson Education.

Sorensen, C. (2013). The future of jobs in Canada. Maclean’s.Retrieved from: http://www.macleans.ca/work/jobs/the-future-of-jobs-in-canada/

Townsend, K., &amp Wilkinson, A.(2011).&nbspResearchHandbook on the Future of Work and EmploymentRelations. Cheltenham:Edward Elgar Publication.

Wayne, B. E. (2003). Has Canada become a post-industrial society? TheVoice Magazine, 11(22), 1-1.