Pollution in China
Pollution as an environmental issue of concern is the process thatmakes land, air or water dirty and unfavorable for human existence(Harrison & Roy, 8). In essence, pollution refers to the changesthat appear in the natural environment through the entry ofcontaminants in the form of energy or chemical substances. China inparticular, faces a broad aspect of environmental issues related topollution of air and water that emanate from pollutants such as lead,dust and many others. This work discusses China’s pollution-relatedissues, their major cause, effects as well as the mitigationmeasures.
Exhaustfrom vehicles ranks as the leading source of air pollution in China.While efforts are continually being made to improve the overall airquality, the increasing population coupled with the employment growthundoubtedly leads to an increase in the number of cars on the roads(Hester & Harrison, 126). Consequently, this leads to more airpollutants. In reality, vehicles produce four major types ofpollutants, which include carbon monoxide in the event that the fueldoes not burn completely. They also release hydrocarbons toxiccompounds of carbon and hydrogen alongside particulate matter in theform of foreign substances that contribute to an atmospheric hazethat has the potential of damaging people’s lungs. Additionally,the emissions from vehicles lead to an increase in the level of greenhouse gases and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere (Hester &Harrison, 157).
Effectsof Pollution in China
Air pollution continually leads to heart and respiratory problems tothe people of China. This leads to an increase in diseases such ascancer and to the children in areas filled with air pollutants, theycontinually suffer from asthma and pneumonia related complications.Additionally, air pollution arising from the exhaust from vehiclesalso leads to an increase in the level of global warming and thiswould lead to an impending disaster in the future. Moreover, thisalso leads to eutrophication whereby enormous amounts of nitrogen inthe atmosphere develop on the sea’s surface, turning into algae andadversely affecting the fish, animal and plant species (Harrison &Roy, 76).
Mitigationmeasures of Pollution in China
Followingthe serious effects of pollution, the government of the People`sRepublic of China has put in place various policies aimed atmitigating pollution. The recent amendment of the environmental lawwas to give zero tolerance to illegal discharges. Presently, measuresof cutting coal are strictly applied (Gallagher & Kelly, 201).The newly appointed minister of environmental protection has alsovowed to enhance the local government supervision to ensure that theenvironmental rules are strictly enforced. This comes followingvehement criticism of the government regarding their unwillingness toenforce environmental protection policies. Experts have alsocriticized these latest plans, claiming that the government focus oneconomic growth dominates environmental protection measures. As such,pollution remains a dilemma for the government in light of thesurvival of its people (Gallagher & Kelly, 210)
Smoke is the main by-product of partial combustion. The incompletecombustion significantly leads to an increase in the quantity of thevarious toxic chemicals discharged into the air by vehicles. Suchchemicals tend to cause irritation to the nose, eyes, lungs, throatamong many other health concerns. For this reason, the government ofChina is active in addressing pollution-related issues in light ofthe causes, effects and the mitigation of the measures against thesame. In addition, the incorporation of new technologies and betterfuels has also led to a reduction in the level of pollution in China.
Gallagher,Kelly S. China Shifts Gears: Automakers, Oil, Pollution, andDevelopment. Cambridge, Mass. [u.a.: MIT Press, 2006. Print.
Harrison,Roy M. Pollution: Causes, Effects and Control. Cambridge:Royal Soc. of Chemistry, 2008. Print.
Hester,R E, and R M. Harrison. Air Pollution and Health. Cambridge,UK: Royal Society of Chemistry, Information Services, 2010. Print.