Symbolicand Practical Purpose of Tree of Cracow
Thetree of Cracow is located in the gardens of the Palais-Royal, whichis at the centre of Paris. The Tree of the Cracow is very importantin Paris because it offer platform to discuss varies issues. Forinstance, Paris citizens can discuss government issues involvingissues that they willingly make them public and those they intendedto make them secret such as bedroom affairs of other people.Therefore, the venue acted as a source of information managed bycitizens in line with the principle of citizen journalism. This was,people won a story and are part of the story as opposed to being mereobservers. The venue also offered different views and dimensions onone story that relates to the principle of convergent journalismwhere different sources contribute towards one story. All thisresonates with the notion that James Carey puts forward thatjournalist should not separate his life from his profession butrather live journalism. These principles are important to Americansbecause they encourage people to won their stories and called forjournalists to be part of the story rather mere observers. Moderntechnology such as internet and social media facilitate this withease.
Newspapershave attempted to play the play the role of Tree of Cracow. One waythe tree played a role was to inform and gather people around acommon cause notably the French revolution. Streitmatter(2011) gives examples of newspapers rallying people to defeat the KuKlux Klan in the 1920’s and to convince women to be more engaged ingainful employment after the World War II. In the 21stcentury, newspapers such as the New York Times rallied people to votefor President Obama through editorials and opinions sections. Thisway, the journalists, as opposed to the majority of the citizenry,swayed public opinion. The public is therefore denied the chance tomake unbiased opinions about such leaders as a significant number maybase their opinions based on the perceived opinion of the majorityrepresented by newspapers. Nonetheless, newspapers provide importantinformation that aids the public to make decisions.
Thenews media attempted to fill the role of the “tree of Cracow”throughout the history of United States in several ways. Firstly,most newsmongers gathered at the tree whereby they would gathercurrent events, and they would later spread them by a word of mouth(Streitmatter, 2011). They claimed that this information was correctfrom private sources such as indiscreet servant, a letter, or directsource. Secondly, the government officials took the information fromnewsmakers seriously since they were always worried about whatParisians thoughts. However, foreign diplomats took advantage of thetree, and they would allegedly send their agents to plant some newsat the foot of the Cracow tree or pick up some news.
Further,the new media used the Cracow tree the symbolize the public sphere asa region or space between private life and state life, between thefamily and apparatus of governance, or between financial supports ofintimate sphere. In addition, strangers would create, gather, andread out the news. At other times, they would keep politics aside anddiscuss on common matters and interest. In the 21stcentury, the news media is still trying to fill the role of Cracowtree. It is trying to satisfy the Parisians with enough information.They are working hard to minimize public noise and discover realhappening and events.
Generally,journalist appropriately in filling the role of Cracow trees becausethey acted as a catalyst to spread the news across Paris. Politiciansbenefited from them since most of them employed them to sell outtheir policies. On the other hand, journalist caused harm to thesociety. Some of them were self-centered, and they only spread thenews that benefited them. According to Streitmatter (2011),journalist did not educate and inform the public as expected. Theydid not serve as a watchdog to the state or a vehicle of publicitybut rather animated the public conversation and argument
Streitmatter,R. (2011). Mightier than the Sword: How the News Media Have ShapedAmerican History