Table of report


Tableof report

Nameof student

Nameof professor

Nameof personal research narrative: Effects of technology on education

Title of the article and the author

Key terms in the article

Focus of the article

Conclusions of the Author

Is this a scholarly article? What evidence is there?

Personal reflection on how this article informed the personal research narrative or why it did not inform me in the personal research narrative.


Article: A review of research on Facebook as an educational environment.

Author: Aydin, S.,

Facebook, education, learning environment, social media, learners

the article focuses on how the social platform is used by learners and teachers to share information

The author concludes by appreciating Facebook as one of the best social platforms and recommends ways to make its use effective.

It is a scholarly article because it appears in Educational technology research and development that is a peer reviewed journal

The article was important in my personal research narrative because Facebook is one of the social utilities used by students and teachers today. Their article looks at how the social platform helps in sharing information between students and teachers. A lot of emphasis is given n Facebook because almost everyone is using this technology especially the young people in learning institutions. During my personal research narrative literature review, I found this article very informative. When giving his conclusions, the authors term this technology as one of the most used in the world especially by learners. The author recommends ways that can enhance its usage in the education sector.


Title of the article: Adoption and use of technology in early education: The interplay of extrinsic barriers and teacher attitudes.

Authors: Blackwell, C. K., Lauricella, A. R., Wartella, E., Robb, M., &amp Schomburg, R.

Elementary education, pedagogical teaching, media in teaching, improving classroom environment, teaching and learning strategies

The article focuses on the use of technology I learning by learners in low grades and the challenges that they face

The authors conclude by stating that the current trends in the world expose children to technology at an early age. In the developed countries, children are exposed earlier than in the developing countries. A lot of support is necessary for the learners to use the technology responsibly.

It is a scholarly article since it appears in a refereed journal called Computers for education to which many writers contribute.

When writing my personal research, the article was imperative because the authors gave me an on how young learners get introduction to technology during their tender years in school. I found this to be helpful since I intended my research to include all the grades of learning. The authors give insight on the various barriers that learners and educators face in their efforts to use technology. One of the major barriers is the lack of enough support for the young learners. The authors also gave me insight the challenges faced by the young learners and how the solutions to these challenges.


Title of the article: Beyond technology: Children`s learning in the age of digital culture.

Author: Buckingham, D

Technology, technology policy, new learning platforms, educational technology, digital children

The article focuses on the adoption of technology in learning institution and the policies that need adoption in the education sector

The author concludes that children are on the verge of becoming slaves to technology if not given the right support.

The information comes from a book. It is one of the publication of John Wiley and sons publications, a company that publishes scholarly articles

In my personal research, this article was most helpful in giving information on the advantages that learners get when using modern technology. It paints a picture of a modern student who is surrounded by technology both at home and at school. It also presents young learners as some of the fastest adopters of new technology. The best thing about this article is that it cuts across more than one level of learning. The article was imperative in my research because it outlines the various uses of technology in schools whereby learners can access information either free of charge or by paying a small subscription fee.


Title of the article: Digital generations: Children, young people, and the new media

Authors: Buckingham, D., &amp Willett, R.

Digital generation, digital games, narrative gap, internet, civic engagements

The article focuses on the gap that exists between children and the older members of the society with reference to the use of technology. The author also focuses on the dangers likely to strike if children are not given support when using modern technology

The authors conclude that the adoption of technology in the society should not leave any member behind. Public participation is necessary when developing rules and policies on the use of technology.

The is a book published by Taylor and Francis and it, therefore, passes as a scholarly article.

The book was important is my narrative research because I also sought to know whether there is any challenge brought about by the gap between the school going children and their parents. The author confirmed my thoughts by bringing out the constraints brought due to the difference in age. Learners adopt new technology with a lot of ease more than their parents. They are more versatile tan their parents when it comes to changing devices and knowing how to use different programs.


Title of the article: Information technology in education.

Authors: Hamidi, F., Meshkat, M., Rezaee, M., &amp Jafari, M.

Information technology, global village, education, hardware resources, information society

The article focuses on the adoption of technology especially in schools. The authors contrast the rate of technology adoption in both the developed and undeveloped technology

The authors conclude that the right strategies need development to enable a smooth adoption of adoption

The article is a scholarly piece of work that appeared in the Procedia Computer Science, which is a reviewed journal.

In my personal narrative research, the article was very informative in giving a brief history of technology adoption in the education sector. The article has beneficial information on how things continue to change from manual work to automated works. The authors outline how technology aids in making work easier and effective. They discuss the various changes in the education sector that enable students and teachers to perform their duties with ease. The article outlines that the new technology enables student to access information with ease without incurring high charges.


Title of the article: Current Situation and Issues Related to ICT Utilization in Primary and Secondary Education.

Author: Oshima, K., &amp Muramatsu, Y.

Information education, information communication technology, ICT utilization, School administration, policy trends

The article focuses on the adoption of information communication technology in Japan and the challenges emanating from the adoption.

The authors conclude that the curriculum development is developing at a slower pace than the development of technology. They recommend changes in the curriculum to accommodate technological advancements.

It is a scholarly article because it appears in a reviewed journal called FUJITSU Science and Technology Journal.

In my narrative research, I found this article to be very informative since it gives a brief history of the situation in Japan before the adoption of technology. Japan is one of the countries adopting technology at a very high rate. The authors also go ahead to give a detail of the challenges faced by the education sector in Japan. The strategies that the education administrators put in place are not dynamic enough to accommodate the changes brought about by the new technology. Another important factor is that the situation in Japan is fairly the same in all the parts of the world.


Title of the article: The effects of technology use in post-secondary education: A meta-analysis of classroom applications

Authors: Bernard, R. M., Borokhovski, E., Tamim, R. M., Abrami, P. C., Surkes, M. A., &amp Woods, J.

Technology, technology integration, post secondary education, meta-analysis, cognitive support tools

The report focuses on the use of technology in post-secondary training institutions and the changing trends experienced in a span of one decade.

The authors conclude that there is an observed change in terms of attitude towards new technology in post-secondary education institutions

The article falls into the scholarly category since it is appears in a refereed journal by the name Computers &amp Education.

The article was very important in my personal narrative research since it gives a record of events taking place between 1990 and 2010. The article helped me to compare the use of technology across the years. Initially, I found out that education and technology could not get along with ease. The constraint was due to rigid education processes. With time, it became clear that the move towards embracing technology was inevitable. Education administrators developed strategies to integrate technology into education. The article helped me to analyze the benefits brought about by technology in the education sector, and which made the attitude of education administrators change.


Title of the article: Introduction to information technology. Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, MA, US: Proceedings of the 9th International CDIO Conference: June 2013.

Authors: Tran, S. T., Le Ngoc Thanh, N. Q. B., &amp Phuong, D. B.

Standard 4, introduction to ICT, CDIO curriculum, project-based learning, IT knowledge

The article focuses on the development of a curriculum for freshmen in college to aid them in getting first-hand information skills. It also outlines the benefits that come from the use of technology.

The authors conclude that information technology is better introduced to learners as early as possible. They also conclude that technology has its challenges that need to be addressed by putting in place the right strategies.

The article does not fall into the scholarly category, but it is a report of a conference

When writing my report, this article was very helpful in enabling to follow the proceedings of a conference on the adoption of technology by the various sectors of the society. The article provides information that there is a need to implement a set of measures to act as a control on the use of technology. The conference conclusions are that technology comes with its advantages and disadvantages that need addressing. It helped me to understand the various sectors in any society must adopt corrective measures in order to enjoy the benefits and at the same time address the challenges.


A Framework for Effectiveness of Institutional Policies on Technology-Enhanced Learning.

Author: Wong, B. Y. Y., Wong, B. T. M., &amp Pang, S.

Technology enhanced learning, effective learning, effectiveness of institutional policies, instrumental perspective, open education resources

The article focuses on how institutional policies can be enhanced to make the integration of technology in education a smooth process.

The authors conclude that there is a need to develop a framework that will ease the integration of technology in education. They also propose an applicable framework for the same.

It is a scholarly article. It comes from a scholarly site, and it was written in a scholarly journal called Technology in Education

In my search for the advantages resulting from the use of technology in learning institutions, this article was a great source of information. It gives the benefits of technology and also the challenges that come with it. The proposed framework for the adoption of technology was very crucial because it summarized the solution to these challenges. Being a current research, the article is a reflection of what the various institutions are experiencing. One thing I noted about the proposed framework is that it is applicable to all the levels of learning through customization.


Title of the article: A meta-analysis of the cognitive and motivational effects of serious games.

Authors: Wouters, P., Van Nimwegen, C., Van Oostendorp, H., &amp Van Der Spek, E. D.

Conventional instruction methods, meta-analytic techniques, instructional methods, cognitive processes, serious games

The article focuses o the use if serious games for young learners as a way to stimulate their cognitive abilities.

The article concludes that the use of serious games accompanied with the right instructional methods is more effective than the use of conventional means only.

It is a scholarly article since it appears in a reviewed journal. The journal is called Journal of Psychology in Education, which is a publication of the American Psychology Association.

My personal narrative research focused on all the levels of learning. The article was helpful in analyzing the use of technology especially in the low grades. The article also helped to compare the conventional methods and the use of technology where it appeared that the use of serious games by low-grade learners is more effective than the former. In my narrative research, this was one of the strongest advantages of technology use in the low-grade learners. The article further proposed the effective methods that are applicable to ensure that the learners get maximum benefits.


Name of the article: Bridging the Gap: Technology Trends and Use of Technology in Schools

Authors: Lim, C. P., Zhao, Y., Tondeur, J., Chai, C. S., &amp Tsai, C. C.

Use of technology in education, usage gap, outcome gap, teaching effectively, strategies for planning in technology

The article focuses n the usage of technology by students both in school and out of school. It also focuses on the gaps that exist between the outcomes and the inputs.

The authors conclude that the exploitation of of technology not to the fullest. The gap between the inputs and the outcomes is due to under exploitation of the available technology.

The article falls into the scholarly category because it appears in a reviewed journal called Educational Technology and the Society.

The article was very helpful in determining whether there is enough utilization of the available technology. The authors point the gap that exists between the investment in technology and the results achieved. There is a difference between the two. The article helped ne to derive information that students tend to use technology outside the school more than how they use in school. The practice continues to get roots despite the schools investing heavily in technology. To maximize the use of technology, I gathered that, the school administrators need to integrate the current programs into their teaching in order to keep up the pace with the outside world.


Title of the article: Who Makes Better Use of Technology for Learning in D&ampT? Schools or University?

Authors: Cockayne, S., Hardy, A., Davies, S., &amp Tinney, J

Perceptions, the nature of technology, science technology, curriculum, technology for learning

The article focuses on analyzing the use of technology in pre-university school and the universities.

The article concludes that the universities utilize modern technology more than the lower institutions of learning.

It is a scholarly article because it appears only in the Google scholarly site as a published article in the Journal of Computers for Education.

The article helped me to analyze the level of utilization of modern technology both in the university and in the other education institutions. Through this article, I was able to get information that the universities have a flexible curriculum that allows the use of technology to be a smooth process. I used this information in my narrative research to understand the role of curriculum in providing the favorable environment for technology adoption. In my research narrative, I highlighted the importance of developing a flexible curriculum, which was an idea I got from this article.


Title of the article: Malicious use of technology: what schools, parents, and teachers can do to prevent cyber-bullying. Childhood education,

Author: Morgan, H

Cyberbullying, electronic technology, online socialization, school going children, internet

The author focuses on the various ways in which school children get exposed to bullies when they access the internet. They also focus on the various strategies that parents and teachers can employ to protect their children from cyber-bullying.

The article concludes by providing information that the use of technology can be a threat to children if they are to use it without proper guidance and support.

It is a scholarly article. It appears in the Journal of Childhood Education, which is a peer-reviewed journal.

The information in this article provided me with information on some of the dangers of exposing children to the use of technology without giving them the proper guidance. Children are likely to encounter bullies on the internet as well as people who can exploit them sexually. I came across very vital information on how parents and teachers can protect children from these dangers. The conclusion that children should not be left alone to use the available technology. The idea was an injection to the conclusion of my narrative research.


Title of the article: Teacher beliefs and technology integration practices: A critical relationship.

Authors: Ertmer, P. A., Ottenbreit-Leftwich, A. T., Sadik, O., Sendurur, E., &amp Sendurur, P.

In-service teacher, technology use, technology integration, professional development, technology use

The article focuses on the role of teachers’ beliefs in aiding the adoption of technology for learners and its integration into the curriculum.

The authors conclude that teachers with student-centered beliefs and practices accept the use of technology, and they adapt to the changes with ease. All this is for the sake of the student.

It is a scholarly article found in a journal called Computers and Education

In my narrative research, I focused on the challenges that are brought about by the learners and also the challenges that can result from the curriculum. Students, teachers and, parents are active role players in this game. Some of the problems relating to the teaching methods and the curriculum implementation can only happen in the school arena. The students scan do very little to change the curriculum since this is the domain of teachers. The article was important, therefore, in knowing the roles that teachers can play to ease the adoption of technology. It helped to understand the importance of a student-centered approach that all teachers should embrace.


Title of the article: Computers, Schools and Students: The Effects of Technology.

Authors: Haq, N., &amp Cullingford, C

Computer for schools, ICT investment, effects of technology, learner friendly, ICT policies

The book focuses on the both the positive and negative effects of technology in schools. It also focuses on developing the right mechanisms for both the learners and teachers to ensure that they reap maximum benefits from the adoption of ICT.

The authors have a summarized conclusion that outlines the inevitability of adopting technology if the schools are to remain relevant in the 21st century. The authors propose the adoption of the right processes to minimize the negative effects.

The book passes as a scholarly article since it appears in the Google scholarly site.

The authors have summarized majority of the effects of technology in education. In my narrative research, this was important because I was analyzing the effects that technology has on learners. It also helped me when making a brief recommendation after every challenge. The authors have developed solutions to the negative effects of technology that I believe they have the capability of making the process of the adoption smooth.