The Case of Theo

TheCase of Theo

TheCase of Theo

Theois experiencing a lot of problems as a far as culture and ethnicityis concerned. From Theo’s history and behavior, he has somediscomfort with his own black skin. His frustrations and anger at isparents, yelling and throwing objects could have been fueled bynegative internalized stereotypes of African-American patterninteraction and communication styles. Theo exhibits possible dynamicsthat are related to ethnicity and culture in relation toAfrican-American psychology, and because of this, the best therapistbest for Theo is a counsellor. This is because after a long historyof institutional and personal racism, Theo could require a counsellorto assist him to overcome suspicion and mistrust towards culturallydifferent people, who he regards as a symbol of oppressive society.

Theois well suited to a group therapy approach. Since he is fightingagainst issues of color and race, as an African-American, there is ahigh possibility that in the group sessions, there would be otherpatients struggling with the same issues as his, both the whites andblacks. This could be of great importance since he will have a chanceto share her experiences with other patients (Fernando, 2010).Secondly, group therapy could motivate Theo to share his experience,and thereafter, he will be able to process his reaction to some ofthe experiences. This could be important since it could assist him toacquire awareness of possible hurts than had been forgotten.

Theo’sculture plays a role in the dilemma he is in due to a number ofreasons. Fernando (2010) noted argued that culture relevance is anethical obligation and that a dilemma should be put on parity levelwith the counsellors’ specialized therapeutic skills. In addition,as an alternate measure to “do no harm” passive state, thisapproach places a lot of relevance to the ethical measures that inthis case corresponds to Theo situation. The history of Theo’sculture relates to his situation in that the dilemma he is presentedwith gives rise to cultural competency which is historicallymultifaceted. Historically, prejudicial attitudes have since hadlimited contact with African-American style and culture, and as aresult, Theo’s comportment and size, especially if he had beenconsumed by rage and anger, accelerated the dilemma he is in.

Inhis treatment, Theo is more like to face a number of bias situations.First, Theo’s situation is likely to be handled in group therapy.Since in a group therapy, there are different people from differentcultures and race, chances are, his African-American racial origin islike to experience cases of multicultural awareness. Fernando (2010)noted that prejudices and biasness in counselling are more likely tooccur where there are different races. Secondly, Theo will likely toface situations of racial stereotype biasness. Again, there is likelychance that information that is offered by the counsellor might onlytarget a specific target group in a therapy session. Within thegroup, with mixed races of blacks and whites, there will be highchance of the patients expressing stereotypes and biases, which couldhave different origins and meanings that Theo may find it hard tocomprehend. Finally, Theo’s counsellor may cause severalconsequences if she addresses racial beliefs and statement, whichcould cause Theo to feel embarrassed or ashamed.

DuringTheo’s therapy session, the counselor should keep in mind someimportant elements to ensure success of the sessions. First, thecounselor is expected to take a positive viewpoint concerning thetreatment process and the outcome. The counselor is also expected tobe warm towards Theo, with a positive and empathetic regard towardsTheo, with an accepting and a non-judgmental approach, which willlikely create environment for the success of the sessions. Thirdly,the counselor should be an expert and believes in the kind of methodsshe uses, and with a concern for improvement in their ability toperform. Finally, the counselor should be confidential on Theo’ssituation to ensure cooperation with between her and the client.


Fernando,S. (2010). Mental health, race and culture. Basingstoke, Hampshire:Palgrave Macmillan.