The church in the life of the middle Ages

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Thechurchin thelifeof themiddleAges

DuringtheMiddle Age, religionwasfarmostsignificantin nearlyallareasof medievallifecomparedto its statusin themodernsociety.Themajorityof peoplelivingin theWestern world(Europe) wereChristians whowereunder thedictatorialRoman Catholic (Thompson 1). TheRoman Catholic hadthemonopolyon Christian faithandknowledge.In otherwords,thechurchhadthepowersto controltherelationshipthat existedbetween manandGod andcould determinewhowentto Hell orHeaven. Thetremendouspowerthat thechurchhadgaveitan opportunityto controlallaffairsof theEuropeans, includingthenon-faith activities,suchas politics,economics,artsandeducation.

Thechurchservedas a majorforcein themiddle Agespolitics.During thisperiod,thepapacywasperceivedto be strongerthan thekingshipto an extentthatKings could beorderedandbe directedby thePopes. Forexample,Pope Gregory VII orderedEmperor Henry IV to kneelforthree daysto askforforgivenessafter angeringGregory (Thompson 2). Thisimpliesthatthechurchhas thepowerto determinethepoliticaldirectof Europe, andnot theKings. In addition,thechurchhadtheauthorityto directthemilitaryto takeactionsthat would normallybe expectedto be doneby politicalleaders.Forexample,Popes organizedcrusadesandorderedthearmyto driveMuslims out of theholycityof Jerusalem (Thompson 2). Therefore,thechurchplayeda significantrolein shapingthepoliticsof theWestern worldduring themiddle Ages.

TheMiddle Age churchplayedasignificantrolein thedevelopmentof thearts.Thisis becausetheChurchusedartas a criticalteachingtool.However,theroleof thechurchin developingartsis perceivedas a necessitybecauseitwastheonlyalternativethatthechurchcould useto teachilliterateEuropeans. Since manypeoplecould not readandwrite,carvings andpaintingsprovidedthesimplestwaysof presentingreligioussymbolismandstories(Thompson 1). Thediaryof thecommunitywasdeterminedby thecalendarof religiousfestivalsandsaint’sdays.Thechurchalsoreplacedthecontent of theculturalfestivalsby organizingits festivalsthat includedperformancesby trainedanimals,musicians,bonfires,specialfood,andotheractorswith fantasticcostumes.In essence,thechurchusedits powersto replacetheculturalandsecularpracticesandartswith religiousbased practicesandartworks.

BetweenA.D.c 450 andc 1500, thechurchgotincreasinglyinvolvedin thesecularsociety,especiallyin Germany. Theactivitiesof theclergychangedthelivesof manymedievalEuropeans. Forexample,thechurchmissionariesconverteda largenumberof theGerman tribesandcivilized thebarbariansin theregion,which markedthebeginningof civilizationin theGerman’s history(Wilhelm 1). In addition,thechurchplayednon-religious roles,suchas housingof travelers,servingthesick,andallowedmonasteriesto beusedas centersof learning.Therefore,thechurchplayedakeyrolein enlighteningthesocietyduring themiddle Ages.

Inconclusion,thechurchwasthestrongestinstitutionduring themiddleage.Thestrengthof thechurchwasindicatedby its significantrolesin thepolitical,educational,economic,military,andartisticsectors.Apartfrom playingits religiousroles,themiddle Ageschurchgotinvolvedin secularactivitiesin ordergivetherightdirectionto thesociety.Thechurch’sinvolvementin both thesecularandreligiousrolesprovideditwith an opportunityto convertthebarbariansandfacilitatecivilizationin themiddle Agessociety.

Workscited

Thompson,S. Describethe importance of religion in society during the Middle Ages.Santa Monica: Demand Media, 2014. Web.

Wilhelm,F. Aconcise history of the Medieval Church.New York, NY: Continuum, 2000. Web.