THE EFFECTS OF THE INVENTION OF ATOMIC BOMB 7
TheEffects of Invention of Atomic Bomb
Theinvention of the atomic bomb was of immense importance because itmarked advancement in technology and a new dawn for the scientists.When the first atomic bomb went off, it claimed approximately 70,000lives although the number of these casualties was exceedingly high,the release of the atomic bomb came with benefits. Scientistscelebrated the accomplishment of success in their invention, when theatomic bomb went off (Hyser&Arndt,2008). Besides, the world saved several lives that could be claimedby the ongoing war during the period. Historically, the going off ofthe atomic bomb over Hiroshima marked the end of the World War II andled to an initiation of the Cold War. The aim of this paper is toanswer different questions that came with the invention of the atomicbomb by the U.S. One of the questions that would be answered in thepaper is whether the decision to use the atomic bomb by the UnitedStates was justifiable. Also, the question concerning the effects ofthe invention of the atomic bomb in the United States will also becovered. In addition, the question concerning whether the inventionof the atomic bomb accelerated the conclusion of the World War II andwhether the invention of the atomic bomb can be seen as a source ofworld destruction will also be discussed.
Wasthe Action of Releasing the Atomic Bomb by the United StatesJustified?
On6thAugust, 1945, the United States used the atomic bomb it had inventedin bombing Japanese citizens at Hiroshima. Three days later, theUnited States also dropped another bomb on Nagasaki (Wilson, 2007).These two incidences that came with the invention of the atomic bombby the United States still remains as the only nuclear attacks thatkilled a lot of people in the world history, leaving others affectedpsychologically and emotionally (Reed,2014). The big question that can be asked is whether the action torelease the atomic bombs that killed a lot of citizens could bejustified.
Thedecision of dropping atomic bomb on the Japanese citizens could beperceived as necessary. This is because the chief aim of dropping theatomic bomb was to bring to an end the long Pacific war. Theprincipal reason for waging war is to realize victory through minimallosses on one’s side and if feasible, on the side of the enemy too.It is undisputable that the Japanese, through their military, wereprepared to fight in defending the home islands this could be seenin their determination in their Pacific island campaigns (Hyser&Arndt,2008). Therefore, since the Japanese were not ready to surrender, theaction was justified since it made the Japanese to surrender. Theaction by the United States to drop atomic bomb on the Japanese couldalso be justified because it helped in saving more casualtiescompared to the people who could have been killed. In case of anallied invasion, the number of casualties could be more compared tothat caused by the atomic bomb in Nagasaki and Hiroshima. Hence,since the atomic bomb at Hiroshima and Nagasaki helped in saving morelives, it could be seen as politically and military justified.
Besides,it is the interest of every nation to stay in peace with the othernations. This implies that peaceful countries should always havesufficient military force at their boundaries so as to defeat ordeter the violent designs of scoundrel nations. Thus, the UnitedStates was justified in using the action it had within its means indefeating the Japanese empire in a fight that the Japanese hadcommenced. The United States did all this in order to maintain peaceand adequately guarantee its existence (Wilson, 2007). In addition,there is no need of engaging in a long and costly warfare whereas acountry can be in a position to use a quick action in eliminating thewarfare. As such, the United States could be justified for using thequick decision in making Japanese surrender in the Pacific war ratherusing a lot of resources in engaging in the warfare. From thesearguments, it is evident that the United States was justified inusing the atomic bomb upon the Japanese because it was for the owngood of the entire world as this helped in making the Japanesewithdraw its military, a move that avoided further bloody conflicts.
Whatwere the Effects of the Invention of the Atomic Bomb in the UnitedStates?
Oneof the effects of the invention of the atomic bomb in the UnitedStates was that it gave the nation a lot of fighting power in anattempt to maintaining world peace. As indicated earlier, it is theinterest of every nation to ensure that it stays in peace with othernations. This means that a country should use the different means ithas in ensuring that it maintains the much deserved peace. As Japanwas engaging other nations in warfare, it disturbed the world peaceand prior to the invention of the atomic bomb the United States wasnot in a position to stop the Japanese military in ending since theJapanese were not ready to surrender. However, when the United Statesinvented the atomic bomb, they had the fighting power of facing theJapanese military in an attempt to bring peace. The withdrawal of theJapanese military from fighting can be connected to the invention ofthe atomic bomb, which gave the United States fighting power. TheUnited States was in control after it invented the atomic bomb sincethere was no balance of power. Prior to the invention and use of theatomic bomb, there was a balance of power amid four nations Japan,Germany, Britain, and America. However, the invention of atomic bombby the United States and its use upon the Japanese made U.S. thecentral super power, breaking the competition that had existedearlier (Asada, 1998). Another effect of the invention of atomic bombin the United States is that it affected the manner in which Americanpolicy makers did diplomacy with the Soviet Union. The invention ofthe atomic bomb by the United States made U.S. have control over theforeign policy. It was after the invention of the atomic bomb thatthe U.S. took control and used the containment doctrine, which had anaim of restricting and holding back the spread of the Communism inthe globe (Reed,2014). This doctrine was the official United States’ policy towardsthe Soviet Union. Therefore, the invention of the atomic bomb had aneffect on how American policy makers did diplomacy with the SovietUnion.
Didthe Invention of the Atomic Bomb Accelerate the Conclusion of theWorld War II?
Theinvention of the atomic bomb by the United States helped inaccelerating the conclusion of World War II. After testing and seeingthat the project of coming up with an atomic bomb was successful, theUnited States dropped two atomic bombs on the Japanese. This made theJapanese to surrender and Germans later lost as the Americans usedimmense ground and air forces (Mariner&Piehler,2009). As a result of this, the World War II came to a conclusion. Itis indicated that the bombing of the Japanese instilled fear, whichmade them rethink of withdrawing from the pacific war.
Canthe Invention of the Atomic Bomb be seen as a Source of WorldDestruction?
Theinvention of the atomic bomb has been indicated to bring differentchanges to the globe. Although the scientists must be happy for theinvention of the technology, truth concerning the changes seen afterthe invention of the atomic bomb still remains. Both positive andnegative changes have been experienced as a result of the inventionof the atomic bomb. A positive change seen as a result of theinvention of the atomic bomb is strengthening of the nations in anattempt to fight for the prevalence of peace. However, thestrengthening of nations as a result of the invention of the atomicbomb comes with a price. As nations try to engage in fights in orderto find an amicable solution, the atomic bombs have been used andthis has resulted to killing of innocent citizens. Besides, asnations try to compete who has the might due to possession of atomicbombs, they end up harming innocent individuals. On the other hand,the invention of atomic bomb has been indicated to cause differentproblems to humans. For instance, atomic bombs have become a sourceof diseases affecting humans due to radiation that they emit. Also,atomic bombs have become source of climate change a phenomenon thataffects humans. Therefore, the invention of the atomic bombs can beseen as a source of world destruction.
Thedecision of dropping atomic bomb on the Japanese could be perceivedas necessary and thus justifiable. This is because the chief aim ofdropping the atomic bomb was to bring to an end the long Pacific war.Since the Japanese military were not ready to surrender, the actionwas justified since it was to make the Japanese surrender. Besides,the action by the United States to drop atomic bomb on the Japanesecould also be justified because it helped in saving more casualtiescompared to the people who could have been killed in case of anallied invasion. Alternatively, there is no need of engaging in along and costly warfare whereas a country can be in a position touse a quick action in eliminating the warfare. This made it necessaryfor the United States to use the atomic bomb. On the other hand, theinvention of the atomic bomb by the U.S. gave the U.S. a lot offighting power in an attempt to maintaining world peace. This wascritical in ensuring the end of World War II. Although the inventionof the atomic bomb was seen as advancement in technology, atomicbombs can be seen sources of human and global destruction.
Asada,S. (1998). The Shock of the Atomic Bomb and Japan’s Decision toSurrender: A Reconsideration. ThePacific Historical Review,Vol. 67, No. 4, pp. 477-512.
Hyser,R. M., & Arndt, J. C. (2008). Voicesof the American past: Documents in U.S. history.Boston, MA: Thomson Wadsworth.
Mariner,R. B., & Piehler, G. K. (2009). Theatomic bomb and American society: New perspectives.Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.
Reed,B. C. (2014). TheHistory and Science of the Manhattan Project.Berlin, Heidelberg: Imprint: Springer.
Wilson,W. (2007). The Winning Weapon? Rethinking Nuclear Weapons in Light ofHiroshima. InternationalSecurity 31,no. 4, pp. 162-179.