Substanceaddiction and abuse are refer to SUDs (substance use disorders) thisissue contributes greatly to major social and health problems in ourpeople. In addition, the SUDs impact greatly on the general public,family dynamics, individuals, as well as health care. The discourseparallels and contrast substance abuse and dependence. Apart from themedical purposes, people can use drugs for other intentions, forexample, drug misuse that simply implies that the drug’s directionshave been exceeded(Tamparo & Lindh, 2007).In other scenarios, people can abuse drugs i.e. using drugs for otherintentions other than for medical purposes. This simply means thatall drugs are prone to be inappropriately used.
Thereasons as to why some people abuse while other misuse drugs are torelieve tension and stresses, forget their problems, enable them copewith daily life challenges, and relax. The major difference thatexists between substance abuse and dependence is related to theirmanifestation(Tamparo & Lindh, 2007).For instance, substance dependence usually refers to the substanceuse for a period of 12 months, and its impacts are evidenced by threeof the following characteristics or even more. This includeswithdrawal, tolerance, taking the substance for a longer time and inlarger amounts, the craving of the substance increases, anddiminished social activities among others(Tamparo & Lindh, 2007). On the other hand, substance abuse is characterized by themanifestation of just one of the following characteristics or evenmore. They include recurrent of substance use that leads to failureat school, home, or work, and continued use of the substance inplaces that can cause physical harm to others and self.Alternatively, continued use of the substance may result in legal,psychological or physical problems. In conclusion, drugs can be usedfor different intentions. The effects of drug abuse and dependenceare clearly evidenced after one year, and it is not easy to break thehabit.
Tamparo,C., & Lindh, W. (2007). The Therapeutic Response to Clients withSubstance Use Disorders. In Therapeuticcommunication for Healthcare (3rded., pp. 176-207). Cengage Learning.