Useof Supplements by Athletes (Athleticsand Herbal SupplementsSummarySummary)
Useof Supplements by Athletes (Athleticsand Herbal SupplementsSummary)
Useof supplements by athletes has been a common phenomenon recently.Mostly used are herbal supplements which include ephedra, ginseng andEchinacea. Research has it that athletes use supplements so as tokeep up with the vigorous exercises that they usually engage in andalso to boost the field performance. They also believe that herbalsupplements have no effect on the body, hence disregards the adviceof the medical personnel in choosing the supplements (Senchina,2013).
Supplementseffects on cell and body system has not been concluded yet. Though,few concluded researches show that supplements can help the cellsendure the vigorous exercises that athletes perform thus making cellsmultiply and increase in size for example the muscle cells.Echinacea, also change quantities of immune molecules produced bywhite blood cells but do not alter their multiplication. Ephedra andginseng affects the central nervous system by acting as a stimulant.Other supplement such as Echinacea affects the immune system byboosting immunity. Athletes use supplements during exercises so as toboost their performance, endurance and strength. Supplements maketheir cells endure the vigorous exercises that they usually engage inthus making the cells to adapt by increasing in mass. Other athletesuse supplements for reasons other than their indicated purpose bydisregarding the health practitioner’s advice.
Currently,use of supplements is unregulated in the athlete’s world, althoughfew supplements have been banned in some countries. Lack ofregulations on the use of supplements is due to non-existent ofconclusive researches that clearly shows the health risks as thebenefits of the supplements use. More so, the legality of varioustypes of supplements varies from one country to another. Forinstance, in the United States the Dietary Health and Education actof 1994 allows most herbal supplements to be sold without theapproval of Food Drug Administration, thus supplement sellers sellthem along with other products such as vitamins. Few researchers havebeen published on the benefits and effects of supplements. Thisraises the need for more experimental studies to be done on the same.This can help the athletes to choose supplements whose benefitoutweighs the risks. The above studies should be under collaborativemonitoring of sports bodies, bodies dealing with food regulationssuch as FDA and the ethical bodies. Finance for these studies shouldbe from sport ministries and research bodies of the various countries(Senchina, 2013).
Basedon my reading, supplements should be tested when am around 25-30years of age. This is because at this age am still young and activeand I might be tempted to use supplements to improve on my exercisesand body physique. Early test at this period will prevent me fromcontinuing using harmful supplements in my remaining active years,which can be detrimental to my health. Other literature highlightsthe reasons for athlete use of supplements as for the purpose ofboosting performance and enhancing strength. This is in line with thearticle. Another reason for the use of supplements not highlighted inthis article is a stereotype. New breeds of athlete are usually madeto believe that supplement use can make one a successful athlete.Other sources have also pointed to non-concluded researches on thebenefits and risks of supplement use (Winterstein & Storrs,2001).
Inconclusion, the article (Athleticsand Herbal Supplements)cannot be fully used as a credible source of information about theuse of supplements by athletes. Although, it contains someinformation that can help highlight the types of supplements used byathletes, it does not highlight the benefits and harmful effects ofthe supplements to the athletes (Senchina, 2013). The article alsodoes not give information on the types of supplements that areacceptable by international sport bodies such as the InternationalOlympic Committee.
Senchina,D. S. (2013). Athletics and Herbal Supplements. AmericanScientist, 101(2),134-
Winterstein,A. P., & Storrs, C. M. (2001). Herbal Supplements: Considerationsfor the Athletic
Trainer. JournalOf Athletic Training (National Athletic Trainers`Association), 36(4),425.