Inthe book, ATale of Two Cities, CharlesDickens uses scenes of violence in more than one chapter as asupporting tool to the plot of the story, while conveying importantmessages to the readers. The author uses his work to show the readersthat violence only causes recurrent violence once started. Thescenes, chronologically, develop the tale of the French revolution,which is the book’s main idea. Dickens uses some scenes just tocapture the readers’ attention with the captivating brutality inthe details he gives. On the other hand, some scenes develop the plotby giving reason to more scenes to follow like the storming of theBastille. The author uses specific scenes as the oppression of theFrench people, murder of Gaspard’s son, a poor peasant, MadameDefarge, her violent death and the repercussions of violence.

Throughouthistory, the French oppression by the ruling class at the time andthe revolution that follows is most infamous. The author uses thebrutal oppression of the poor by the aristocrats to show the plightof the peasants at the time due to misplacement. Being born in Franceat the time highly depended on one’s luck. Dickens creates asituational dilemma in the story where people of the same countryturn against each other separated by social and financial status. Itseemed plain lucky to be born in or being part of the ruling class ofthe 18thcentury France. Dr. Manette describes a violent encounter between anaristocrat and his servant. The servant received a thorough beatingfor taking time to open the door for the aristocrat. He adds on,“There was nothing in this action to attract my particularattention, for I had seen common people struck more commonly thandogs.”(570) Dickens uses such brutality to build the plot of thestory. against the peasants did not only give the rulingclass of aristocrats power over the poor, but also piled upbitterness in the hearts of the poor, which led to the revolution.The author uses scenes of violence to show the readers that violenceis negative energy that only leads to more violence. In anotherincident, a poor man loses his child. As the man weeps for his loss,Ernest Defarge empathizes, “be a brave man, my Gaspard! It isbetter for the poor little plaything to die so, than to live. It hasdied in a moment without pain. Could it have lived an hour ashappily? (193)” To an extent, Ernest was right. From a personalopinion, the baby was better off dead than to live the life of puremisery that awaited it. The magnitude of oppression in France at thattime could not allow one to be born outside the ruling family. Theauthor uses this scene as part of evidence to show the unbearablelife of a victim of oppression. The author tries to put theoppressors in the shoes of their victims in a bid prevent violenceamong the readers.

is never the answer simply because it leads to other forms ofviolence. Continuous violence upon the poor people led to moreviolence in form of a revolution. The people’s tolerance hadreached the breaking point. Strings of violent acts fueled thepeople’s anger and urge for revenge and not just the death of thepeasant’s infant son. Gaspard’s bitterness ends up in a revengemission against Marquis for crushing his infant son under the wheelsof his carriage. Gaspard accomplishes his mission by sleighing hisson’s murderer but the violence and bloodshed does not end here.The authorities then capture Gaspard for his crime and punish him bydeath. Blood spills later on when the Jacquarie, a rebel groupagainst the ruling class, seeks revenge for the death of their fellowman. Dickens uses these scenes of violence to illustrate how violenceis collusive when two antagonist parties have a violent encounter.Personally, revenge maintains the continuous blood spill. The revengetrailed dead bodies of Marquis’ son and others in the deceased’sestate. The plot builds up as the author conveys how one murdercreates a chain of other deaths in the name of revenge. In the end,violence attained France equality but left the country with so muchdamage costs. is not an appropriate solution to alldifferences.

dwells when there is a character that fuels the grudge between thetwo parties. The character may have a personal motive behind psychingthe violence, but in all cases, plays a key role in maintaining theflame. In the book, Madame Defarge plays the role. In most acts ofviolence, she ups her cruelty a notch higher. In the Bastille raid,she takes lead role actively. “Madame’s resolute right hand wasoccupied with an axe, in place of the usual softer implements, and inher girdle were a pistol and a cruel knife (379).” She had nohesitation in using items of inflicting pain when time came. Later,even after the governor’s death, Madame Defarge found it necessaryto put up a brutal scene. “Was so close to him when he dropped deadunder it, that, suddenly animated, she put her foot upon his neck,and with her cruel knife—long ready—hewed off his head (387).”Having the drive to commit acts that gruesome must have a motivebehind it. Madame Defarge acted in her cruel manner because Marquisekilled her sister, brother and the sister’s husband. I her quest torevenge their deaths, she intended to wipe out all who were left inthe Marquise family. Dickens uses her character to show the train ofvengeance and how it ends. As the spearhead of the revolution andother violent acts, her character walks on a path that led to her owndeath after her struggle with Miss Pross, by the same weapons sheused to inflict pain and death on others. The author uses hercharacter to build the plot and show the main drivers of violence asvengeance, and acts as the sustaining pillar until it comes to anend, right where it started.

CharlesDickens uses his book to enlighten his audience of the violencecircle. Other acts of violence follow until the characters in thechain exhaust themselves. The violent scenes build up the plot of thestory by their continuous nature. Violent acts I the beginning of thebook lead to the French revolution that was the final bloody scene inthe country. From a personal perspective, people ought to solvedifferences through dialogue because it clearly solves more conflictsthan violence does.


Dickens,Charles. A tale of two cities. Kiddy Monster Publication, 2014.